Medical Imaging Technology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124170216, 9780124170360

Medical Imaging Technology

1st Edition

Authors: Victor Mikla Victor Mikla
eBook ISBN: 9780124170360
Hardcover ISBN: 9780124170216
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 30th July 2013
Page Count: 154
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Description

Medical Imaging Technology reveals the physical and materials principles of medical imaging and image processing, from how images are obtained to how they are used. It covers all aspects of image formation in modern imaging modalities and addresses the techniques, instrumentation, and advanced materials used in this rapidly changing field.

Covering conventional and modern medical imaging techniques, this book encompasses radiography, fluoroscopy, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and Raman spectroscopy in medicine. In addition to the physical principles of imaging techniques, the book also familiarizes you with the equipment and procedures used in diagnostic imaging.

Key Features

  • Addresses the techniques, instrumentation, and advanced materials used in medical imaging
  • Provides practical insight into the skills, tools, and procedures used in diagnostic imaging
  • Focuses on selenium imagers and chalcogenide glasses

Readership

Researchers and practitioners working on Medical Imaging Technology

Table of Contents

Epigraph

Preface

Acknowledgment

1. Advances in Imaging from the First X-Ray Images

1.1 X-Rays—Early History

1.2 The Use of X-Rays for Analysis

1.3 Industrial Radiology

1.4 Airport Security

1.5 The Use of X-Rays for Medical Purposes

1.6 Risk Factor

1.7 Medical Exposure Dosimetry

1.8 Therapeutic Medical Physics

References

2. Computed Tomography

2.1 Definition of CT; Important Terms

2.2 A Brief History of CT

2.3 Principles of Operation and the Procedure

2.4 CT Equipment

References

3. Physics of Magnetic Resonance Imaging

3.1 History of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Brief

3.2 Introduction to MRI Physics and Basic Concepts

3.3 T1 Relaxation

3.4 T2 Relaxation

3.5 The Spin Echo

3.6 MRI Source

References

4. Positron Emission Tomography

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Historical Sketch

4.3 Positrons

4.4 Detection of Positrons

4.5 PET Principle

4.6 Physical Basis of PET

4.7 Detectors Used in PET

References

5. X-Ray Detectors

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Classical X-Ray Generation and Detection

5.3 Key Parameters

5.4 The Direct and Indirect Mode of Operation

5.5 Principles of the Direct-Conversion Digital X-Ray Image Detector

5.6 The Ideal X-Ray Photoconductor

5.7 Intrinsic Resolution of X-Ray Photoconductors

5.8 Absorption, Photoconductor Thickness, and Carrier Schubwegs

5.9 Medical Applications

5.10 Chest Radiography

5.11 Mammography

5.12 Fluoroscopy

5.13 Future Trends

References

6. Effects of Charge Carrier Trapping on Detector Performance

6.1 Introduction to the Trap Level Spectroscopy

6.2 Technique

6.3 Measurement Technique

6.4 Dark Discharge in a-Se

6.5 Residual Potential

6.6 Photoinduced Changes of Xerographic Characteristics

6.7 Fatigue Effects in Se-Rich Photoreceptors

References

7. Ultrasound Imaging

7.1 Introduction

7.2 History—Milestones

7.3 Basic Physics

7.4 Piezoelectric Materials

7.5 Imaging

References

8. Raman Spectroscopy in Medicine

8.1 Introduction

8.2 From the History of Raman Effect

8.3 The Principle of Raman Scattering

8.4 Technology and Its Development

8.5 Clinical Applications of Raman Spectroscopy

8.6 Atherosclerotic Plaques, Breast Cancer, Lung Cancer, and Skin Cancer

8.7 Blood Vessels

References

Details

No. of pages:
154
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780124170360
Hardcover ISBN:
9780124170216

About the Author

Victor Mikla

Victor I. Mikla, PhD, is Chair of Physical & Mathematical Disciplines in the Department of Humanities & Natural Sciences at Uzhhgorod National University, Uzhhorod, Ukraine. Dr. Mikla specializes in photo-electronic materials and devices, and has published research articles widely on a broad range of inter-disciplinary topics including metastable states in amorphous chalcogenides, trap level spectroscopy, medical and non-medical imaging applications of amorphous semiconductors, xerographic spectroscopy, photo-induced & structural changes, and raman scattering.

Affiliations and Expertise

Physical and Mathematical Disciplines, Humanities & Natural Sciences Faculty, Uzhhgorod National University, Uzhhorod, Ukraine

Victor Mikla

Dr. Victor V. Mikla is affiliated with the Physical & Mathematical Disciplines, Department of Humanities & Natural Sciences, Uzhhgorod National University, Uzhhgorod,Ukraine

Affiliations and Expertise

Physical and Mathematical Disciplines, Humanities & Natural Sciences Faculty, Uzhhgorod National University, Uzhhgorod, Ukraine