Geology, one of the basic natural sciences, is proving to be of outstanding importance in solving problems relating to:
  • agriculture
  • exploitation of the Earth's mineral resources
  • environmental issues
  • soil preservation
  • water
  • energy and other resources
  • protection against natural disasters (landslides, floods, volcanic eruptions and earthquakes) as well as human health.
The main objective of the book Medical Geology: Effects of Geological Environments on Human Health is to show how the geological environment affects human health and to explore preventative methods for improvement.

This monograph consists of the following five segments:

  • Introduction
  • Geological and other factors and their influence on the human health
  • Subject, tasks and methods of geomedical discipline
  • Regional medical geology
  • Applied medical geology
The topics covered in this book will be of interest to a wide circle of readers, including geologists, doctors, biologists, ecologists, planners and many others who are dedicated to the quality and protection of human health.

Table of Contents

1. General part. Introductory remarks. History of medical geography and medical geology. Methodology of medico-geographical research. Geography and medical geography in relation to geology. Geology. Subject matter and theoretical principles of medical geology. Medical geology. Procedure of medico-geological research. Goal, task, and significance of medical geology. 2. Geological factors. Environment of life, natural environment, and geological environment. Basic features of the geological environment. Characteristics of geological factors and their influence on human health. 3. Other natural factors. Climatic factors. Hydrological factors. Biological factors. 4. Anthropogenic factors. Processes of pollution and destruction of the geological environment. Artificial physical fields - risks and positive influence. Pollution of agricultural soil. Water pollution. Air pollution. Artificial radioactive pollution. Pollution and disturbance of the environment caused by ore exploitation and processing. Complex harmful influences of urbanization on the natural environment. Consequences of the action of pollutants. Role of ecological mineral substances in environment protection. 5. Socio-economic factors and their influence on human health and health protection. Economic-geographic conditions. Medical-sanitary conditions. Role of the way of life and harmful habits in formation of nosogeographic characteristics of a territory. Socio-ecological foci of human diseases. 6. The geography of disease (nosogeography). Non-infectious somatic diseases. Rare and strictly localized diseases. 7. Subject and tasks of geological and medical disciplines in defining quality of the environment and its influence on human health.


No. of pages:
© 2004
Elsevier Science
Print ISBN:
Electronic ISBN:

About the editor

Miomir Komatina

Affiliations and Expertise

Serbian Geological Society, Belgrade, Serbia


"The topics covered in this book will be of interest to a wide circle of readers, including geologists, physicians, biologists, ecologists, planners, public health professionals, and many others who are dedicated to the quality and protections of human health." -Fakhry A. Assaad, Consultant Geologist and Data Analyst, in ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY, JAN 2006 @qu: a unique medical scientific book that combines together several interrelated medical sciences with different branches of Earth Science and their implications on the environment and human health. @source: Environmental Geology, 2005