Mechanisms of Saccharide Polymerization and Depolymerization - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124741508, 9780323149693

Mechanisms of Saccharide Polymerization and Depolymerization

1st Edition

Editors: J Marshall
eBook ISBN: 9780323149693
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st January 1980
Page Count: 456
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Description

Mechanisms of Saccharide Polymerization and Depolymerization focuses on the role that various enzymes connected with sucrose play in controlling its concentration in the plant cell. This book discusses the reactions involved in the formation of lipid-linked saccharides. Organized into 30 chapters, this book starts with an overview of the effect of amphomycin on the transfer of radioactivity from mannosyl-phosphoryl-dolichol to lipid-linked oligosaccharides and from lipid-linked oligosaccharides to glycoproteins. This text then presents the properties of sucrose synthetase and sucrose phosphate synthetase. Other chapters consider the mechanism for the acceptor reactions of dextransucrase. This book discusses as well the factors involved in the digestion of raw starch by black Aspergillus amylase and other fungal enzymes with strong raw starch digesting activity. The final chapter describes the reaction between reducing sugars and amino compounds whereby it is usually termed the Maillard reaction. This book is a valuable resource for biochemists, biophysicists, microbiologists, and pharmacologists.

Table of Contents


Contributors

Preface

I. Glycosyl Transferase Reactions and Saccharide Biosynthesis

Inhibition of Lipid-Linked Saccharide Formation by Antibiotics

The Biosynthesis of Immunogenic Glycans in Streptococcus faecalis by the Thymidine Diphosphate Hexose Pathway

Regulation of Sucrose Levels in Plant Cells

Mechanism of Action of Dextransucrase

II. Enzymic Degradation of Starch

Raw Starch Digestion by Mold Glucoamylase and Debranching Enzymes

Degradation of Various Starch Granules by Amylases

Studies on the α-Amylase from Streptomyces hygroscopicus SF-1084

A Novel Glucoamylase from Cladosporium resinae

Mechanism of α-Limit Dextrin Hydrolysis by Intestinal Sucrase-Isomaltase

The Mode of Anchoring of Sucrase-Isomaltase to the Small Intestinal Brush Border Membrane and Its Biosynthetic Implications

III. Starch Biosynthesis

The Role of Phosphorylase in the Synthesis of Starch in Maize Leaf Bundle Sheath Cells

Evidence for Independent Genetic Control of the Multiple Forms of Maize Endosperm Branching Enzymes and Starch Synthases

On the Effect of Lipids on Starch-Metabolizing Enzymes and Its Significance in Relation to the Simultaneous Synthesis of Amylose and Amylopectin in Starch Granules

IV. Enzymic Processes in Glycogen Metabolism

Studies on the Lysosomal Degradation of Glycogen in Cultured Human Skin Fibroblasts

A Possible Role for Liver α-Amylase in Glycogenesis

The Initiation of Glycogen Biosynthesis in Heart Tissue

Protein Phosphatases: Properties and Role in the Regulation of Glycogen Synthesis and Breakdown

Enzymatic Regulation of Glycogen Synthesis: Phosphorylation of Glycogen Synthase by Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinase, Cyclic AMP-Independent Synthase Kinase and Phosphorylase Kinase

Comparative Catalytic Properties of Liver Glycogen Synthase Isozymes from Newborn and Adult Rat

V. Mechanisms of Action of Glycoside Hydrolases

The Action of an Active-Site-Directed Irreversible Inhibitor on Glycogen Debranching Enzyme

Hydrolysis of Legume Seed D-Galacto-D-Mannans by α-D-Galactosidase and ß-D-Mannanase Enzymes

The Use of Specific ß-Glucan Hydrolases in the Characterization of β-Glucan Synthetase Products

Mucopolysaccharidases from Flavobacterium Heparinum: Isolation, Characterization, and Use for Structural Analysis of Chondroitin Sulfates, Heparin, and Heparitin Sulfates

Some Recent Aspects of the Specificity and Mechanism of Action of Trehalases

Amine Derivatives of ß-D-Xylopyranose as Reversible and Irreversible Inhibitors of β-D-Xylosidases

Digestion of Chitinous Cuticle in the Molt of Manduca

VI. Nonenzymic Processes of Carbohydrate Transformation

Trifluoroacetolysis, A New Versatile Method for Studies of Glycoconjugates

Biosynthesis of Heparin

Synthesis of Hybrids of Natural and Synthetic Polymers as Models for Polysaccharides, Starch and Glycoproteins

Studies of the Maillard Reaction

Index

Details

No. of pages:
456
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1980
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323149693

About the Editor

J Marshall