Mechanisms of Animal Discrimination Learning

Mechanisms of Animal Discrimination Learning

1st Edition - January 1, 1971

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  • Authors: N. S. Sutherland, N. J. Mackintosh
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483258249

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Description

Mechanisms of Animal Discrimination Learning provides a review of the field of animal discrimination learning, with discussions into other areas such as generalization, partial reinforcement, and some aspects of comparative psychology. This book elaborates the origins of continuity-noncontinuity controversy, analysis of attentional learning, Lashley and Wade's account of generalization, and evidence for a two-process analysis of the ORE. The reversal and nonreversal shifts, response unit hypothesis, inconsistent reinforcement and extinction of choice behavior, and aims and problems of comparative psychology are likewise described This text likewise covers the Zeaman and House model, Lovejoy's Model III, determinants of generalization gradients, cognitive dissonance hypothesis, and theoretical relevance of comparative psychology. This publication is a good source for biologists and researchers concerned with animal discrimination learning.

Table of Contents


  • Preface

    Acknowledgments

    1. The History of Selective Attention

    I. Introduction

    II. The Behaviorists

    III. The Gestaltists

    IV. Pavlov

    V. Structuralists and Functionalists

    VI. Noncontinuity Theorists

    VII. Information Theory

    VIII. Human Skilled Performance

    IX. Some Neurophysiological Evidence

    X. Scope of Book

    2. Statement of the Model

    I. Some Phenomena

    II. Some Definitions

    III. Some Theory

    IV. Application of Theory to Phenomena

    V. Conclusion

    3. Analyzers and Responses

    I. Are Analyzers Innate?

    II. Perceptual Differentiation

    III. Absolute Judgments

    IV. Stimulus Control of Analyzers

    V. Analyzer Strength and Response Attachments

    VI. Analyzer Outputs and Response Attachments

    VII. What Is Learned?

    VIII. Conclusions

    4. Continuity and Noncontinuity

    I. Origins of Continuity-Noncontinuity Controversy

    II. Hypotheses and Position Habits

    III. Presolution-Period Reversal

    IV. Incidental Learning and Blocking

    V. Variables Affecting Incidental Learning

    VI. Summary

    5. Learning and Performance with More Than One Relevant Cue

    I. Acquisition with Multiple Cues

    II. What Is Learned with Multiple Cues

    III. Conclusions

    6. Learning to Switch-In Analyzers

    I. The Analysis of Attentional Learning

    II. The Acquired Distinctiveness of Cues

    III. Acquired Nondistinctiveness of Cues

    IV. Nature of Transfer Effects

    V. Summary

    7. Generalization

    I. Lashley and Wade's Account of Generalization

    II. Effects of Differential Training on the Slope of Generalization Gradients

    III. Criticism of Lashley and Wade's Position

    IV. The Determinants of Generalization Gradients

    V. Further Determinants of the Slopes of Generalization Gradients

    VI. Summary

    8. Reversal Learning

    I. Introduction

    II. Theoretical Analysis of Reversal Learning

    III. Evidence for a Two-Process Analysis of the ORE

    IV. The Elusive Nature of the ORE

    V. Alternative Explanations of the ORE

    VI. Summary

    9. Reversal and Nonreversal Shifts, Serial Reversal Learning

    I. Alternative Analyses of the ORE

    II. Reversal and Nonreversal Shifts

    III. Serial Reversal Learning

    IV. Summary

    10. Partial Reinforcement and Extinction

    I. Introduction

    II. The Two-Process Model

    III. The Response Unit Hypothesis

    IV. The Discrimination Hypothesis and Generalization Decrement

    V. The Frustration Hypothesis

    VI. The Cognitive Dissonance Hypothesis

    VII. Conclusions

    11. Partial Reinforcement and Choice Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. Probability Learning

    III. Inconsistent Reinforcement and Extinction of Choice Behavior

    IV. Inconsistent Reinforcement and Reversal Learning

    V. Summary

    12. Some Comparative Psychology

    I. Aims and Problems of Comparative Psychology

    II. Overtraining and Reversal Learning

    III. Serial Reversal Learning

    IV. Probability Learning

    V. The Theoretical Relevance of Comparative Psychology

    VI. Summary

    13. Formal Models

    I. Phenomena

    II. The Zeaman and House Model

    III. Lovejoy's Model III

    IV. A Further Model

    V. Other Theoretical Analyses

    VI. Summing Up

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 574
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1971
  • Published: January 1, 1971
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483258249

About the Authors

N. S. Sutherland

N. J. Mackintosh

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