Mechanisms of Adaptation - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780123072078, 9780323163286

Mechanisms of Adaptation

1st Edition

Editors: J.R. Spkatch
eBook ISBN: 9780323163286
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th May 1979
Page Count: 614
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The Bacteria: Volume VII: Mechanisms of Adaptation explores the mechanisms of bacterial adaptations and covers topics ranging from bacterial spores, cysts, and stalks to nitrogen fixation, bacterial chemotaxis, bacteriophage growth, and the structure and biosynthesis of bacterial cell walls. The roles of appendages and surface layers in adaptation of bacteria to their environment are also considered, along with cell division in Escherichia coli. This volume is comprised of nine chapters and begins with a discussion on the structure, properties, formation, and regulation of spores, cysts, and stalks in actinomycetes, blue-green bacteria, myxobacteria, Bacillus, Azotobacter, and Caulobacter. The reader is then introduced to the biochemistry, regulation, genetics, and evolution of nitrogen fixing in organisms; the receptors involved in bacterial chemotaxis and the nature of the sensing mechanism; the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria; and bacterial functions involved in nutrient detection and acquisition. The roles played by organelles and surface layers in the adaptation of bacteria to their environment are also examined. The final chapter deals with the regulation of, and coordination between, the multitude of events involved in cell division in Escherichia coli. This monograph will be a useful resource for microbiologists, bacteriologists, biochemists, and biologists.

Table of Contents

Contributors to Volume VII Foreword Preface Contents of other Volumes

  1. Spores, Cysts, and Stalks I. Introduction II. The Bacillus Endospore III. Actinospores IV. Myxospores V. Azotobacter Cysts VI. Heterocysts and Akinetes of Blue-Green Bacteria VII. Caulobacter VIII. Summary and Conclusions IX. Selected Reviews References
  2. Nitrogen Fixation I. Introduction II. Biochemistry III. Regulation IV. Genetics V. N2-Fixing Symbioses VI. Nitrogen-Fixing Associations VII. Evolution of N2 Fixation References
  3. Bacterial Chemotaxis I. Introduction II. The Chemotactic Receptors III. The Sensing Mechanism IV. Biochemistry of the Sensing System V. The Mechanism of Tumbling VI . Bacterial Individuality VII. Methods VIII. Conclusions References
  4. The Role of the Cell Surface in Regulating the Internal Environment I. Introduction II. Bacterial Functions Involved in Nutrient Detection and Acquisition III. Transmembrane Solute Transport IV. Regulation of the Synthesis of Carbohydrate Permeases and Catabolic Enzymes V. Regulation of the Activities of Carbohydrate Permeases and Catabolic Enzymes VI. Regulation of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Sulfur Metabolism in Bacteria VII. Concluding Remarks References
  5. Roles of Appendages and Surface Layers in Adaptation of Bacteria to Their Environment I. Flagella and Axial Filaments II. Sex (Donor) Pili III. Fimbriae IV. Cell Walls and Envelopes References
  6. The Structure and Biosynthesis of Bacterial Cell Walls I. Introduction II. Reviews of Bacterial Cell Walls III. Cell Wall Morphology of Gram-Negative and Gram-Positive Bacteria IV. Bacterial Cell Wall Structure: Definitions of the Cell Wall V. Peptidoglycan Structure VI. Biosynthesis of Peptidoglycan VI


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© Academic Press 1979
Academic Press
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J.R. Spkatch

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