Mechanisms of Adaptation

Mechanisms of Adaptation

1st Edition - May 28, 1979

Write a review

  • Editor: J.R. Spkatch
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323163286

Purchase options

Purchase options
DRM-free (PDF)
Sales tax will be calculated at check-out

Institutional Subscription

Free Global Shipping
No minimum order


The Bacteria: Volume VII: Mechanisms of Adaptation explores the mechanisms of bacterial adaptations and covers topics ranging from bacterial spores, cysts, and stalks to nitrogen fixation, bacterial chemotaxis, bacteriophage growth, and the structure and biosynthesis of bacterial cell walls. The roles of appendages and surface layers in adaptation of bacteria to their environment are also considered, along with cell division in Escherichia coli. This volume is comprised of nine chapters and begins with a discussion on the structure, properties, formation, and regulation of spores, cysts, and stalks in actinomycetes, blue-green bacteria, myxobacteria, Bacillus, Azotobacter, and Caulobacter. The reader is then introduced to the biochemistry, regulation, genetics, and evolution of nitrogen fixing in organisms; the receptors involved in bacterial chemotaxis and the nature of the sensing mechanism; the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria; and bacterial functions involved in nutrient detection and acquisition. The roles played by organelles and surface layers in the adaptation of bacteria to their environment are also examined. The final chapter deals with the regulation of, and coordination between, the multitude of events involved in cell division in Escherichia coli. This monograph will be a useful resource for microbiologists, bacteriologists, biochemists, and biologists.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors to Volume VII



    Contents of other Volumes

    1. Spores, Cysts, and Stalks

    I. Introduction

    II. The Bacillus Endospore

    III. Actinospores

    IV. Myxospores

    V. Azotobacter Cysts

    VI. Heterocysts and Akinetes of Blue-Green Bacteria

    VII. Caulobacter

    VIII. Summary and Conclusions

    IX. Selected Reviews


    2. Nitrogen Fixation

    I. Introduction

    II. Biochemistry

    III. Regulation

    IV. Genetics

    V. N2-Fixing Symbioses

    VI. Nitrogen-Fixing Associations

    VII. Evolution of N2 Fixation


    3. Bacterial Chemotaxis

    I. Introduction

    II. The Chemotactic Receptors

    III. The Sensing Mechanism

    IV. Biochemistry of the Sensing System

    V. The Mechanism of Tumbling

    VI . Bacterial Individuality

    VII. Methods

    VIII. Conclusions


    4. The Role of the Cell Surface in Regulating the Internal Environment

    I. Introduction

    II. Bacterial Functions Involved in Nutrient Detection and Acquisition

    III. Transmembrane Solute Transport

    IV. Regulation of the Synthesis of Carbohydrate Permeases and Catabolic Enzymes

    V. Regulation of the Activities of Carbohydrate Permeases and Catabolic Enzymes

    VI. Regulation of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Sulfur Metabolism in Bacteria

    VII. Concluding Remarks


    5. Roles of Appendages and Surface Layers in Adaptation of Bacteria to Their Environment

    I. Flagella and Axial Filaments

    II. Sex (Donor) Pili

    III. Fimbriae

    IV. Cell Walls and Envelopes


    6. The Structure and Biosynthesis of Bacterial Cell Walls

    I. Introduction

    II. Reviews of Bacterial Cell Walls

    III. Cell Wall Morphology of Gram-Negative and Gram-Positive Bacteria

    IV. Bacterial Cell Wall Structure: Definitions of the Cell Wall

    V. Peptidoglycan Structure

    VI. Biosynthesis of Peptidoglycan

    VII. Other Cell Wall Components in Gram-Positive Bacteria

    VIII. Effect of Environment on Cell Wall Composition

    IX. Conclusion


    7. The Outer Membrane of Gram-Negative Bacteria

    I. Introduction

    II. General Properties of the Outer Membrane

    III. Phospholipids

    IV. Lipopolysaccharides

    V. Outer Membrane Proteins

    VI. Orientation of Components of the Outer Membrane

    VII. Functions of the Outer Membrane

    VIII. Overall Structure of the Outer Membrane

    IX. Biosynthesis of the Outer Membrane

    X. Conclusion


    8. Bacteriophage and Bacteria: Friend and Foe

    I. Introduction

    II. Comments on the Existence of Phage

    III. Some General Characteristics of Bacteriophage Growth

    IV. Specific Examples of Bacteriophage Growth

    V. Conclusions


    9. Control of Cell Division in Escherichia Coli

    I. Introduction

    II. (I+C+D) Concept

    III. Initiation of Chromosome Replication

    IV. Plasmids and Chromosome Replication

    V. Chromosome Replication and Segregation

    VI. Cell Division



Product details

  • No. of pages: 614
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1979
  • Published: May 28, 1979
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323163286

About the Editor

J.R. Spkatch

Ratings and Reviews

Write a review

There are currently no reviews for "Mechanisms of Adaptation"