Any explanation of the physiological ecology of plant growth--why plants survive in particular environments--requires the measurement of the effects of environmental factors. This book reviews the history, development, and current status of instruments and measurement techniques that have been particularly useful in field studies of plant physiological ecology. It will be of interest to researchers and students in plant physiology and biochemistry, crop scientists, horticulturalists, and foresters.

Key Features

@introbul:There is particularly noteworthy coverage of: @bul:* Miniaturized, portable gas exchange measurement systems * Permanent field installation for transportationo measurements * Automated plant-water sensing system * Use of chlorophyll fluorescence for screening of tolerant genotypes


Plant ecologists and physiologists, crop scientists, agricultural engineers, and foresters.

Table of Contents

Introduction: P.J. Kramer, Instrumentation and Progress in Science. Y. Hashimoto and H. Nonami, Overview of Current Measurement Techniques from Aspects of Plant Science. H. Yamasaki, From Sensor Devices to Intelligent Sensing Systems. Water Relations: P.J. Kramer, A Brief History of Water Stress Measurement. M.R. Kaufmann, Estimating Tree Canopy Transpiration from Measurements of Leaf Conductance. E.L. Fiscus, Field Use of Recording Viscous Flow Porometers. J.S. Boyer and H. Nonami, Water Potential and Its Components in Growing Tissues. E. Steudle, Methods for Studying Water Relations of Plant Cells and Tissues. S. Kuraishi, N. Sakurai, H. Miyauchi, and K. Supappibul, Measurements of the Water Economy of Mangrove Leaves. Y. Kano, Measurement of Soil Moisture and Water Potential. Photosynthesis: C.B. Field and H.A. Mooney, Measuring Photosynthesis under Field Conditions: Past and Present Approaches. K.J. Parkinson and W. Day, Design and Testing of Leaf Cuvettes for Use in Measuring Photosynthesis and Transpiration. R.M. Smillie and S.E. Hetherington, Screening for Stress Tolerance by Chlorophyll Fluorescence. Translocation: B.R. Strain, J.D. Goeschl, Y. Fares, C.E. Magnuson, and C.E. Jaeger, The Use of 11C in Physiological-Ecological Research. T. Kaneko and M. Takatsuji, Development of a Compact Mass Spectrometer for Analysis of Gases during Plant Metabolism. Mineral Nutrition: E. Epstein, Roots: New Ways to Study Their Function in Plant Nutrition. R.M. Welch, Modern Technologie


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© 1990
Academic Press
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