Materials - 2nd Edition


2nd Edition

engineering, science, processing and design

Authors: Michael Ashby Hugh Shercliff David Cebon
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
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Table of Contents

Preface Acknowledgements Resources that accompany this book Chapter 1 Introduction: materials—history and character 1.1 Materials, processes and choice 1.2 Material properties 1.3 Design-limiting properties 1.4 Summary and conclusions 1.5 Further reading 1.6 Exercises Chapter 2 Family trees: organising materials and processes 2.1 Introduction and synopsis 2.2 Getting materials organised: the materials tree 2.3 Organising processes: the process tree 2.4 Process–property interaction 2.5 Material property charts 2.6 Computer-aided information management for materials and processes 2.7 Summary and conclusions 2.8 Further reading 2.9 Exercises 2.10 Exploring design using CES 2.11 Exploring the science with CES Elements Chapter 3 Strategic thinking: matching material to design 3.1 Introduction and synopsis 3.2 The design process 3.3 Material and process information for design 3.4 The strategy: translation, screening, ranking and documentation 3.5 Examples of translation 3.6 Summary and conclusions 3.7 Further reading 3.8 Exercises 3.9 Exploring design using CES Chapter 4 Stiffness and weight: density and elastic moduli 4.1 Introduction and synopsis 4.2 Density, stress, strain and moduli 4.3 The big picture: material property charts 4.4 The science: what determines density and stiffness? 4.5 Manipulating the modulus and density 4.6 Summary and conclusions 4.7 Further reading 4.8 Exercises 4.9 Exploring design with CES 4.10 Exploring the science with CES Elements Guided Learning Unit 1: simple ideas of crystallography Part 1: Introduction and synopsis Part 2: Crystal structures Part 3: Interstitial space Part 4: Describing planes Part 5: Describing directions Part 6: Ceramic crystals Part 7: Polymer crystals Chap


Materials: Engineering, Science, Processing and Design, Second Edition, was developed to guide material selection and understanding for a wide spectrum of engineering courses. The approach is systematic, leading from design requirements to a prescription for optimized material choice. This book presents the properties of materials, their origins, and the way they enter engineering design. The book begins by introducing some of the design-limiting properties: physical properties, mechanical properties, and functional properties. It then turns to the materials themselves, covering the families, the classes, and the members. It identifies six broad families of materials for design: metals, ceramics, glasses, polymers, elastomers, and hybrids that combine the properties of two or more of the others.

The book presents a design-led strategy for selecting materials and processes. It explains material properties such as yield and plasticity, and presents elastic solutions for common modes of loading. The remaining chapters cover topics such as the causes and prevention of material failure; cyclic loading; fail-safe design; and the processing of materials.

Key Features

* Design-led approach motivates and engages students in the study of materials science and engineering through real-life case studies and illustrative applications

* Highly visual full color graphics facilitate understanding of materials concepts and properties

* Chapters on materials selection and design are integrated with chapters on materials fundamentals, enabling students to see how specific fundamentals can be important to the design process

* Links with the Cambridge Engineering Selector (CES EduPack), the powerful materials selection software. See for information


  • "Guided Learning" sections on crystallography, phase diagrams and phase transformations enhance students’ learning of these key foundation topics
  • Revised and expanded chapters on durability, and processing for materials properties
  • More than 50 new worked examples placed throughout the text


Undergraduate materials, mechanical, chemical, civil & aeronautical engineering students taking courses in materials science & engineering, materials processing and engineering design.


eBook ISBN:


Professor Mike Ashby is well known for producing readily understandable materials education texts, and for the innovative use of graphical representation for material properties. This book, now in its second edition, is no exception and explains materials engineering from a design-led approach, as opposed to the more traditional science-led approach.

Useful for reinforcing student learning is the inclusion of over 50 new worked examples, distributed throughout the book. Completely new are the self-contained Guided Learning Units or sections at the end of the book on crystallography, and phase diagrams and phase transformations, including exercises (and unlike the rest of the book with answers). There are also useful links to interactive ‘online’ tutorials and assessment, reinforcing the strong selfteaching aspects of the book.

[T]he book is aimed primarily at students and teachers of materials science and engineering, although engineering practitioners involved with materials and their selection will also find the extensive use of applications both useful and relevant.

-Engineering Designer, (Reviewed by Professor Kevin Edwards)

About the Authors

Michael Ashby Author

Royal Society Research Professor Emeritus at Cambridge University and Former Visiting Professor of Design at the Royal College of Art, London, UK Mike Ashby is sole or lead author of several of Elsevier’s top selling engineering textbooks, including Materials and Design: The Art and Science of Material Selection in Product Design, Materials Selection in Mechanical Design, Materials and the Environment, and Materials: Engineering, Science, Processing and Design. He is also coauthor of the books Engineering Materials 1&2, and Nanomaterials, Nanotechnologies and Design.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor Emeritus, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK

Hugh Shercliff Author

University Senior Lecturer, Engineering Department, Cambridge University, UK

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Lecturer in Materials, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK

David Cebon Author

Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Cambridge University, UK

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, England