Engineering, Science, Processing and Design

1st Edition - February 13, 2007
There is a Newer Edition Available
  • Authors: Michael Ashby, Hugh Shercliff, David Cebon
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080471495

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The ultimate materials engineering resource for anyone developing skills and understanding of materials properties and selection for engineering applications. The book is a visually lead approach to understanding core materials properties and how these apply to selection and design. Linked with Granta Design's market-leading materials selection software which is used by organisations as diverse as Rolls-Royce, GE-Aviation, Honeywell, NASA and Los Alamos National Labs.

Key Features

  • A complete introduction to the science and selection of materials in engineering, manufacturing, processing and product design
  • Unbeatable package from Professor Mike Ashby, the world’s leading materials selection innovator and developer of the Granta Design materials selection software
  • Links to materials selection software used widely by brand-name corporations, which shows how to optimise materials choice for products by performance, charateristics or cost


Undergraduate level students taking courses on materials engineering, materials science, manufacturing and design and related mechanical engineering courses in aeronautical and automotive engineering, product and industrial design. Chemical engineers and civil engineers taking introductory materials science and engineering technology courses.

The book will also be suitable for some graduate level courses. It will be a useful reference text for those taking advanced courses in product and industrial design.

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1 Introduction: materials – history and character
    1.1 Materials, processes and choice.
    1.2 Material properties
    1.3 Further reading
    1.4 Exercises

    Chapter 2. Family trees: organizing materials and processes
    2.1 Introduction and synopsis
    2.2 Getting materials organized: the materials tree
    2.3 Organizing processes: the process tree
    2.4 Computer-aided information management for materials and processes
    2.5 Material property charts
    2.6 Summary and conclusions
    2.7 Further reading
    2.8 Exercises

    Chapter 3 Strategic thinking: matching material to design
    3.1 Introduction and synopsis
    3.2 The design process
    3.3 Material and process information for design
    3.4 The strategy: translation, screening, ranking and documentation
    3.5 Examples of translation
    3.6 Summary and conclusions
    3.7 Further reading
    3.8 Exercises

    Chapter 4. Stiffness and weight: density and elastic moduli
    4.1 Introduction and synopsis
    4.2 Density, stress, strain and moduli
    4.3 The big picture: material property charts
    4.4 The science what determines density and stiffness?
    4.5 Manipulating density and stiffness:
    4.6 Summary and conclusions
    4.7 Further reading
    4.8 Exercises

    Chapter 5. Flex, sag and wobble: stiffness-limited design.
    5.1 Introduction and synopsis
    5.2 Standard solutions to elastic problems
    5.3 Material indices for elastic design
    5.4 Plotting limits and indices on charts
    5.5 Case studies
    5.6 Summary and conclusions
    5.7 Further reading
    5.8 Exercises

    Chapter 6. Beyond elasticity: plasticity, yielding and ductility
    6.1 Introduction and synopsis
    6.2 Strength, plastic work and ductility: definition and measurement
    6.3 The big picture: charts for yield strength
    6.4 Drilling down: strength and ductility
    6.5 Manipulating strength
    6.6 Summary and conclusions
    6.7 Further reading
    6.8 Exercises

    Chapter 7. Bend and crush: strength-limited design.
    7.1 Introduction and synopsis
    7.2 Standard solutions for plastic problems
    7.3 Material indices for yield-limited design
    7.4 Case studies
    7.5 Summary and conclusions
    7.6 Further reading
    7.7 Exercises

    Chapter 8. Fracture and fracture toughness.
    8.1 Introduction and synopsis
    8.2 Strength and toughness
    8.3 The mechanics of fracture
    8.4 Material property charts for toughness
    8.5 Drilling down: the origins of toughness
    8.6 Manipulating properties: strength vs. toughness
    8.7 Summary and conclusions
    8.8 Further reading
    8.9 Exercises

    Chapter 9. Shake, rattle and roll: cyclic loading, damage and failure
    9.1 Introduction and synopsis
    9.2 Vibration and resonance: the damping coefficient
    9.3 Fatigue
    9.4 Charts for endurance limit
    9.5 Drilling down: the origins of damping and fatigue
    9.6 Manipulating resistance to fatigue
    9.7 Summary and conclusions
    9.8 Further reading
    9.9 Exercises

    Chapter 10. Keeping it all together: fracture-limited design.
    10.1 Introduction and synopsis
    10.2 Standard solutions to crack problems
    10.3 Material indices for fracture limited design
    10.4 Case studies
    10.5 Summary and conclusions
    10.6 Further reading
    10.7 Exercises

    Chapter 11. Rub, slither and seize: friction and wear.
    11.1 Introduction and synopsis
    11.2 Tribological properties: definition and measurement
    11.3 Charting wear rate
    11.4 The physics of friction and wear
    11.5 Selection and design: materials to manage friction and wear
    11.6 Summary and conclusions
    11.7 Further reading
    11.8 Exercises

    Chapter 12. Agitated atoms: materials and heat
    12.1 Introduction and synopsis
    12.2 Thermal properties, definition and measurement
    12.3 The big picture: thermal property charts
    12.4 Drilling down: the physics of thermal properties
    12.5 Manipulating thermal properties
    12.6 Design to exploit thermal proper
    12.7 Summary and conclusions
    12.8 Further reading
    12.9 Exercises

    Chapter 13. Running hot: using materials at high temperatures
    13.1 Introduction and synopsis
    13.2 The temperature-dependence of material properties
    13.3 Charts for high temperature design
    13.4 The science: diffusion and creep
    13.5 Materials to resist creep
    13.6 Design to cope with creep
    13.7 Summary and conclusions
    13.8 Further reading
    13.9 Exercises

    Chapter 14. Conductors, insulators and dielectrics
    14.1 Introduction and synopsis
    14.2 Conductors, insulators and dielectrics
    14.3 Charts for electrical properties
    14.4 Drilling down: the origins and manipulation of electrical properties
    14.5 Design
    14.6 Summary and conclusions
    14.7 Further reading
    14.8 Exercises

    Chapter 15. Magnetic materials
    15.1 Introduction and synopsis
    15.2 Magnetic properties: definition and measurement
    15.3 The big picture: charts for magnetic properties
    15.4 Drilling down: the physics and manipulation of magnetic properties
    15.5 Materials selection for magnetic design
    15.6 Summary and conclusions
    15.7 Further reading
    15.8 Exercises

    Chapter 16. Materials for optical devices
    16.1 Introduction and synopsis
    16.2 The interaction of materials and radiation
    16.3 Charts for optical properties
    16.4 Drilling down: the physics and manipulation of optical properties
    16.5 Optical Design
    16.6 Summary and conclusions
    16.7 Further Reading
    16.8 Exercises

    Chapter 17. Durability: oxidation, corrosion, degradation
    17.1 Introduction and synopsis
    17.2 Oxidation, flammability and photo-degradation
    17.3 Oxidation mechanisms
    17.4 Making materials that resist oxidation
    17.5 Corrosion: acids, alkalis, water and organic solvents
    17.6 Drilling down: mechanisms of corrosion
    17.7 Fighting corrosion
    17.8 Summary and conclusions
    17.9 Further reading
    17.10 Exercises

    Chapter 18. Manufacturing processes
    18.1 Introduction and synopsis
    18.2 Process selection in design
    18.3 Process attributes: definition
    18.4 Shaping processes: attributes and origins
    18.5 Joining processes: attributes and origins
    18.6 Surface treatment processes: attributes and origins
    18.7 Estimating cost for shaping processes
    18.8 Computer-aided process selection
    18.9 Case studies
    18.10 Summary and conclusions
    18.11 Further reading
    18.12 Exercises

    Chapter 19. Follow the recipe: processing and properties
    19.1 Introduction and synopsis
    19.2 Microstructure of materials
    19.3 Microstructure evolution in processing
    19.4 Processing for properties
    19.5 Case studies
    19.6 Making hybrid materials
    19.7 Summary and conclusions
    19.8 Further reading
    19.9 Exercises

    Chapter 20. Materials, processes and the environment
    20.1 Introduction and synopsis
    20.2 Material consumption and its growth
    20.3 The material life cycle and criteria for assessment
    20.4 Charts for embodied energy
    20.5 Drilling down: embodied energy and recycling
    20.6 Design: selecting materials for eco-design
    20.7 Summary and conclusions
    20.8 Appendix: some useful quantities
    20.9 Further reading
    20.10 Exercises

Product details

  • No. of pages: 528
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2007
  • Published: February 13, 2007
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080471495

About the Authors

Michael Ashby

Michael Ashby
Royal Society Research Professor Emeritus at Cambridge University and Former Visiting Professor of Design at the Royal College of Art, London, UK

Mike Ashby is sole or lead author of several of Elsevier’s top selling engineering textbooks, including Materials and Design: The Art and Science of Material Selection in Product Design, Materials Selection in Mechanical Design, Materials and the Environment, and Materials: Engineering, Science, Processing and Design. He is also coauthor of the books Engineering Materials 1&2, and Nanomaterials, Nanotechnologies and Design.

Affiliations and Expertise

Royal Society Research Professor Emeritus, University of Cambridge, and Former Visiting Professor of Design at the Royal College of Art, London, UK

Hugh Shercliff

Hugh Shercliff
Hugh Shercliff is a Senior Lecturer in Materials in the Department of Engineering at the University of Cambridge. He is a co-author of Michael Ashby's Materials, Third Edition (Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013), and a contributor on aluMATTER, an e-learning website for engineers and researchers sponsored by the European Aluminium Association.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Lecturer in Materials, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK

David Cebon

Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Cambridge University, UK

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, England