Materials - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780750683913, 9780080471495


1st Edition

Engineering, Science, Processing and Design

Authors: Michael Ashby Hugh Shercliff David Cebon
eBook ISBN: 9780080471495
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 13th February 2007
Page Count: 528
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The ultimate materials engineering resource for anyone developing skills and understanding of materials properties and selection for engineering applications. The book is a visually lead approach to understanding core materials properties and how these apply to selection and design. Linked with Granta Design's market-leading materials selection software which is used by organisations as diverse as Rolls-Royce, GE-Aviation, Honeywell, NASA and Los Alamos National Labs.

Key Features

  • A complete introduction to the science and selection of materials in engineering, manufacturing, processing and product design
  • Unbeatable package from Professor Mike Ashby, the world’s leading materials selection innovator and developer of the Granta Design materials selection software
  • Links to materials selection software used widely by brand-name corporations, which shows how to optimise materials choice for products by performance, charateristics or cost


Undergraduate level students taking courses on materials engineering, materials science, manufacturing and design and related mechanical engineering courses in aeronautical and automotive engineering, product and industrial design. Chemical engineers and civil engineers taking introductory materials science and engineering technology courses.

The book will also be suitable for some graduate level courses. It will be a useful reference text for those taking advanced courses in product and industrial design.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction: materials – history and character
1.1 Materials, processes and choice.
1.2 Material properties
1.3 Further reading
1.4 Exercises

Chapter 2. Family trees: organizing materials and processes
2.1 Introduction and synopsis
2.2 Getting materials organized: the materials tree
2.3 Organizing processes: the process tree
2.4 Computer-aided information management for materials and processes
2.5 Material property charts
2.6 Summary and conclusions
2.7 Further reading
2.8 Exercises

Chapter 3 Strategic thinking: matching material to design
3.1 Introduction and synopsis
3.2 The design process
3.3 Material and process information for design
3.4 The strategy: translation, screening, ranking and documentation
3.5 Examples of translation
3.6 Summary and conclusions
3.7 Further reading
3.8 Exercises

Chapter 4. Stiffness and weight: density and elastic moduli
4.1 Introduction and synopsis
4.2 Density, stress, strain and moduli
4.3 The big picture: material property charts
4.4 The science what determines density and stiffness?
4.5 Manipulating density and stiffness:
4.6 Summary and conclusions
4.7 Further reading
4.8 Exercises

Chapter 5. Flex, sag and wobble: stiffness-limited design.
5.1 Introduction and synopsis
5.2 Standard solutions to elastic problems
5.3 Material indices for elastic design
5.4 Plotting limits and indices on charts
5.5 Case studies
5.6 Summary and conclusions
5.7 Further reading
5.8 Exercises

Chapter 6. Beyond elasticity: plasticity, yielding and ductility
6.1 Introduction and synopsis
6.2 Strength, plastic work and ductility: definition and measurement
6.3 The big picture: charts for yield strength
6.4 Drilling down: strength and ductility
6.5 Manipulating strength
6.6 Summary and conclusions
6.7 Further reading
6.8 Exercises

Chapter 7. Bend and crush: strength-limited design.
7.1 Introduction and synopsis
7.2 Standard solutions for plastic problems
7.3 Material indices for yield-limited design
7.4 Case studies
7.5 Summary and conclusions
7.6 Further reading
7.7 Exercises

Chapter 8. Fracture and fracture toughness.
8.1 Introduction and synopsis
8.2 Strength and toughness
8.3 The mechanics of fracture
8.4 Material property charts for toughness
8.5 Drilling down: the origins of toughness
8.6 Manipulating properties: strength vs. toughness
8.7 Summary and conclusions
8.8 Further reading
8.9 Exercises

Chapter 9. Shake, rattle and roll: cyclic loading, damage and failure
9.1 Introduction and synopsis
9.2 Vibration and resonance: the damping coefficient
9.3 Fatigue
9.4 Charts for endurance limit
9.5 Drilling down: the origins of damping and fatigue
9.6 Manipulating resistance to fatigue
9.7 Summary and conclusions
9.8 Further reading
9.9 Exercises

Chapter 10. Keeping it all together: fracture-limited design.
10.1 Introduction and synopsis
10.2 Standard solutions to crack problems
10.3 Material indices for fracture limited design
10.4 Case studies
10.5 Summary and conclusions
10.6 Further reading
10.7 Exercises

Chapter 11. Rub, slither and seize: friction and wear.
11.1 Introduction and synopsis
11.2 Tribological properties: definition and measurement
11.3 Charting wear rate
11.4 The physics of friction and wear
11.5 Selection and design: materials to manage friction and wear
11.6 Summary and conclusions
11.7 Further reading
11.8 Exercises

Chapter 12. Agitated atoms: materials and heat
12.1 Introduction and synopsis
12.2 Thermal properties, definition and measurement
12.3 The big picture: thermal property charts
12.4 Drilling down: the physics of thermal properties
12.5 Manipulating thermal properties
12.6 Design to exploit thermal proper
12.7 Summary and conclusions
12.8 Further reading
12.9 Exercises

Chapter 13. Running hot: using materials at high temperatures
13.1 Introduction and synopsis
13.2 The temperature-dependence of material properties
13.3 Charts for high temperature design
13.4 The science: diffusion and creep
13.5 Materials to resist creep
13.6 Design to cope with creep
13.7 Summary and conclusions
13.8 Further reading
13.9 Exercises

Chapter 14. Conductors, insulators and dielectrics
14.1 Introduction and synopsis
14.2 Conductors, insulators and dielectrics
14.3 Charts for electrical properties
14.4 Drilling down: the origins and manipulation of electrical properties
14.5 Design
14.6 Summary and conclusions
14.7 Further reading
14.8 Exercises

Chapter 15. Magnetic materials
15.1 Introduction and synopsis
15.2 Magnetic properties: definition and measurement
15.3 The big picture: charts for magnetic properties
15.4 Drilling down: the physics and manipulation of magnetic properties
15.5 Materials selection for magnetic design
15.6 Summary and conclusions
15.7 Further reading
15.8 Exercises

Chapter 16. Materials for optical devices
16.1 Introduction and synopsis
16.2 The interaction of materials and radiation
16.3 Charts for optical properties
16.4 Drilling down: the physics and manipulation of optical properties
16.5 Optical Design
16.6 Summary and conclusions
16.7 Further Reading
16.8 Exercises

Chapter 17. Durability: oxidation, corrosion, degradation
17.1 Introduction and synopsis
17.2 Oxidation, flammability and photo-degradation
17.3 Oxidation mechanisms
17.4 Making materials that resist oxidation
17.5 Corrosion: acids, alkalis, water and organic solvents
17.6 Drilling down: mechanisms of corrosion
17.7 Fighting corrosion
17.8 Summary and conclusions
17.9 Further reading
17.10 Exercises

Chapter 18. Manufacturing processes
18.1 Introduction and synopsis
18.2 Process selection in design
18.3 Process attributes: definition
18.4 Shaping processes: attributes and origins
18.5 Joining processes: attributes and origins
18.6 Surface treatment processes: attributes and origins
18.7 Estimating cost for shaping processes
18.8 Computer-aided process selection
18.9 Case studies
18.10 Summary and conclusions
18.11 Further reading
18.12 Exercises

Chapter 19. Follow the recipe: processing and properties
19.1 Introduction and synopsis
19.2 Microstructure of materials
19.3 Microstructure evolution in processing
19.4 Processing for properties
19.5 Case studies
19.6 Making hybrid materials
19.7 Summary and conclusions
19.8 Further reading
19.9 Exercises

Chapter 20. Materials, processes and the environment
20.1 Introduction and synopsis
20.2 Material consumption and its growth
20.3 The material life cycle and criteria for assessment
20.4 Charts for embodied energy
20.5 Drilling down: embodied energy and recycling
20.6 Design: selecting materials for eco-design
20.7 Summary and conclusions
20.8 Appendix: some useful quantities
20.9 Further reading
20.10 Exercises


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© Butterworth-Heinemann 2007
eBook ISBN:

About the Author

Michael Ashby

Michael Ashby

Royal Society Research Professor Emeritus at Cambridge University and Former Visiting Professor of Design at the Royal College of Art, London, UK

Mike Ashby is sole or lead author of several of Elsevier’s top selling engineering textbooks, including Materials and Design: The Art and Science of Material Selection in Product Design, Materials Selection in Mechanical Design, Materials and the Environment, and Materials: Engineering, Science, Processing and Design. He is also coauthor of the books Engineering Materials 1&2, and Nanomaterials, Nanotechnologies and Design.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor Emeritus, Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK

Hugh Shercliff

Hugh Shercliff

Hugh Shercliff is a Senior Lecturer in Materials in the Department of Engineering at the University of Cambridge. He is a co-author of Michael Ashby's Materials, Third Edition (Butterworth-Heinemann, 2013), and a contributor on aluMATTER, an e-learning website for engineers and researchers sponsored by the European Aluminium Association.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Lecturer in Materials, Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, UK

David Cebon

Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Cambridge University, UK

Affiliations and Expertise

Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, England