Materials Science in Energy Technology - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780124475502, 9780323145534

Materials Science in Energy Technology

1st Edition

Editors: G Libowitz
eBook ISBN: 9780323145534
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1979
Page Count: 574
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Materials Science in Energy Technology presents the fundamental properties of materials that are essential to a particular energy application. This book discusses the areas of research required for the development of other materials for that application. Organized into 10 chapters, this book starts with an overview of the methods of producing energy, which are arranged in approximate chronological order as to when the methods were or will be first utilized. This text then reviews the wide scope of materials associated with nuclear fission technology. Other chapters consider the major materials requirements and problems for ceramics in magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) power generators. This book discusses as well the three processes that are involved in the photovoltaic effect, including light absorption, charge separation in the photovoltaic cell, and migration of charge carriers. The final chapter deals with the physical properties of superconductors. This book is a valuable resource for materials scientists, metallurgists, physicists, and chemists.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors


Chapter 1 Heterogeneous Catalysis in Fossil Fuel Conversion

I. Introduction

II. General Aspects of Heterogeneous Catalysis

III. Major Petroleum Fuels Processes

IV. Other Fuels Processes

V. Outlook


Chapter 2 Materials for Nuclear Fission Power Reactor Technology

I. Introduction

II. Fuel Cycles for Nuclear Fission Energy Systems

III. Notes on Uranium and Thorium Resources

IV. Some Principles of Nuclear Materials Science

V. Solid Fuel Materials

VI. Fuel Elements

VII. Moderator and Control Materials

VIII. Pressure Vessels


Chapter 3 Ceramics for Coal-Fired MHD Power Generation

I. Introduction

II. Materials Requirements

III. Properties of Coal Slag

IV. Materials for the MHD Channel

V. Materials for the Air Preheater

VI. Materials Degradation

VII. Summary


Chapter 4 Materials for Solar Energy Conversion

I. Introduction

II. Materials for Solar Thermal Conversion

III. Materials for Photovoltaic Conversion


Chapter 5 Materials for Geothermal Energy Utilization

I. Nature of Geothermal Sources

II. Processes for Geothermal Energy Utilization

III. Materials Problems in Geothermal Systems

IV. Reported Geothermal Scaling and Corrosion

V. Selection of Corrosion and Erosion Resistant Materials

VI. Scale Prevention and Control


Chapter 6 Materials for Thermonuclear Fusion Reactors

I. Introduction

II. Effects of Radiation on CTR Materials

III. First-Wall Materials and Diverter Trapping Surfaces

IV. Blanket Materials

V. Superconducting Materials

VI. Tritium Permeation Barriers


Chapter 7 Development of Fuel Cells—A Materials Problem

I. Background of Electrochemical Power Generation

II. Basic Types of Fuel Cells

III. Breakdown of Fuel Cell Units and Systems

IV. Electrode Materials and Electrocatalysts

V. Materials Aspects of Fuel Cell Systems

VI. Outlook of Research in Fuel Cell Materials


Chapter 8 The Role of Materials Science in the Development of Hydrogen Energy Systems

I. Introduction

II. Generation of Hydrogen

III. Transmission and Storage of Hydrogen

IV. Utilization of Hydrogen

V. Conclusion


Chapter 9 Material Aspects of the New Batteries

I. Introduction

II. Component Requirements

III. The Anode

IV. Solid Electrolytes and Separators

V. The Cathode

VI. Battery Systems


Chapter 10 Superconducting Materials for Energy-Related Applications

I. Introduction

II. The Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Superconductors

III. Occurrence and Properties of Important and Potentially Important Superconductors

IV. The State of the Art




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© Academic Press 1979
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

G Libowitz

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