Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780081000403, 9780081000571

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods

1st Edition

Editors: Gerhard Huebschen Iris Altpeter Ralf Tschuncky Hans-Georg Herrmann
eBook ISBN: 9780081000571
Hardcover ISBN: 9780081000403
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 5th April 2016
Page Count: 320
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Table of Contents

  • Related titles
  • List of contributors
  • Woodhead Publishing Series in Electronic and Optical Materials
  • 1. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) for materials characterization
    • 1.1. Introduction
    • 1.2. Comparison of AFM with other microscopy techniques
    • 1.3. Principles of AFM technique
    • 1.4. Construction and basic components of AFM
    • 1.5. Working modes of AFM
    • 1.6. Application of AFM for material characterization
    • 1.7. Conclusions
  • 2. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) for materials characterization
    • 2.1. Introduction
    • 2.2. Why electron microscopy?
    • 2.3. Types of microscopes
    • 2.4. Interaction of electrons with materials
    • 2.5. What material features can we analyze using electron microscopy?
    • 2.6. Scanning electron microscopy
    • 2.7. Key microstructural features analyzed by SEM
    • 2.8. Transmission electron microscopy
    • 2.9. TEM imaging modes
    • 2.10. TEM spectroscopy
    • 2.11. Key applications of TEM
    • 2.12. Is electron microscopy a nondestructive technique?
    • 2.13. Outlook for SEM and TEM
  • 3. X-ray microtomography for materials characterization
    • 3.1. Introduction
    • 3.2. Imaging physics
    • 3.3. Principles of microcomputed tomography
    • 3.4. Geometrical considerations and data acquisition
    • 3.5. System design (CT methods)
    • 3.6. Image reconstruction
    • 3.7. Image quality
    • 3.8. Radiation exposure
    • 3.9. Examples of important and/or frequent applications for materials characterization
    • 3.10. Conclusions and future trends
    • 3.11. Further literature
  • 4. X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques for materials characterization
    • 4.1. Introduction
    • 4.2. Principles of X-ray diffraction techniques
    • 4.3. Applications
    • 4.4. Conclusions and future trends
  • 5. Microwave, millimeter wave and terahertz (MMT) techniques for materials characterization
    • 5.1. Introduction
    • 5.2. Principles of MMT techniques
    • 5.3. Applications
    • 5.4. Conclusions
    • 5.5. Future trends
  • 6. Acoustic microscopy for materials characterization
    • 6.1. Introduction
    • 6.2. Basic principles
    • 6.3. Resolution and contrast mechanisms
    • 6.4. Tessonics AM1103 acoustical microscope
    • 6.5. Materials characterization for industrial applications
    • 6.6. Scanning acoustic microscopy inspection of spot welds
    • 6.7. Real-time imaging of seam welds
    • 6.8. Imaging of adhesive bonding between various metals
    • 6.9. Adhesive bonding of composite and biocomposite materials
    • 6.10. Conclusions
  • 7. Ultrasonic techniques for materials characterization
    • 7.1. Introduction
    • 7.2. Principles of ultrasonic technique
    • 7.3. Applications
    • 7.4. Conclusions
    • 7.5. Future trends
  • 8. Electromagnetic techniques for materials characterization
    • 8.1. Introduction
    • 8.2. Principles of electromagnetic techniques
    • 8.3. Applications
    • 8.4. Conclusions
    • 8.5. Future trends
  • 9. Hybrid methods for materials characterization
    • 9.1. Introduction
    • 9.2. Signal processing and analysis on the way toward software-defined nondestructive testing devices
    • 9.3. Calibration procedure
    • 9.4. Applications
    • 9.5. Conclusions
    • 9.6. Future trends
  • Index

Description

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods discusses NDT methods and how they are highly desirable for both long-term monitoring and short-term assessment of materials, providing crucial early warning that the fatigue life of a material has elapsed, thus helping to prevent service failures.

Materials Characterization Using Nondestructive Evaluation (NDE) Methods gives an overview of established and new NDT techniques for the characterization of materials, with a focus on materials used in the automotive, aerospace, power plants, and infrastructure construction industries.

Each chapter focuses on a different NDT technique and indicates the potential of the method by selected examples of applications. Methods covered include scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray microtomography and diffraction, ultrasonic, electromagnetic, microwave, and hybrid techniques. The authors review both the determination of microstructure properties, including phase content and grain size, and the determination of mechanical properties, such as hardness, toughness, yield strength, texture, and residual stress.

Key Features

  • Gives an overview of established and new NDT techniques, including scanning and transmission electron microscopy, X-ray microtomography and diffraction, ultrasonic, electromagnetic, microwave, and hybrid techniques
  • Reviews the determination of microstructural and mechanical properties
  • Focuses on materials used in the automotive, aerospace, power plants, and infrastructure construction industries
  • Serves as a highly desirable resource for both long-term monitoring and short-term assessment of materials

Readership

civil, structural and mechanical engineers, materials scientists, physicists developing characterization techniques, and R&D managers in the automotive and aerospace and power generation industry.


Details

No. of pages:
320
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Woodhead Publishing 2016
Published:
Imprint:
Woodhead Publishing
eBook ISBN:
9780081000571
Hardcover ISBN:
9780081000403

About the Editors

Gerhard Huebschen Editor

Dr. Gerhard Hübschen worked for more than 30 years at the Fraunhofer Institute for Nondestructive Testing (IZFP), Germany, in the department for “Materials characterization, defect detection and lifetime management”

Affiliations and Expertise

formerly of the Fraunhofer Institute for Nondestructive Testing (IZFP), Germany

Iris Altpeter Editor

Dr. Iris Altpeter worked for more than 30 years at the Fraunhofer Institute for Nondestructive Testing (IZFP), Germany, and was the head of the department for “Materials characterization, defect detection and lifetime management”.

Affiliations and Expertise

formerly of the Fraunhofer Institute for Nondestructive Testing (IZFP), Germany

Ralf Tschuncky Editor

Dr. Ralf Tschuncky has been a member of the department for materials characterization at the Fraunhofer Institute for Nondestructive Testing (IZFP), Germany for more than 15 years.

Affiliations and Expertise

The Fraunhofer Institute for Nondestructive Testing (IZFP), Germany

Hans-Georg Herrmann Editor

Prof. Hans-Georg Herrmann holds the chair of Lightweight Systems at Saarland University, Germany, and is also head of the department “In-service Inspection & Life-cycle Monitoring” and deputy director at the Fraunhofer IZFP.

Affiliations and Expertise

Saarland University, Germany; the Fraunhofer Institute for Nondestructive Testing (IZFP), Germany