Material Concepts in Surface Reactivity and Catalysis  - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780127599403, 9780323158459

Material Concepts in Surface Reactivity and Catalysis

1st Edition

Authors: Henry Wise
eBook ISBN: 9780323158459
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th May 1990
Page Count: 270
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Description

Material Concepts in Surface Reactivity and Catalysis focuses on the physical and chemical properties of the surface in a reacting system, identifying surface properties that influence interfacial reactions in metal and nonmetal systems.

This book discusses the bulk and surface imperfections, surface energy of multicomponent systems, adsorption isotherms and isosteres, and Lennard-Jones potential curves. The adsorbate-induced surface reconstruction, metal-support reactions, defect thermodynamics, and defect metal oxides with crystallographic shear structures are also elaborated. This text likewise covers the metal oxide catalysis, component segregation at grain boundaries, diffusion-controlled metal oxidation, and kinetics of metal deposition.

This publication is useful to students in materials science, solid-state chemistry, and catalysis, as well as specialists engaged in research.

Table of Contents


Preface

Introduction

1. Structural Aspects

A. Symmetry Properties

B. Crystal Planes

C. Packing Fractions

D. Surface Overlayers

E. Catalyst Supports

F. Bulk and Surface Imperfections

References

2. Crystallite Morphology

A. Surface Energy and Crystal Shape

B. Metal-Support Interactions

C. Surface Energy and Crystal Orientation

D. Surface Energy of Multicomponent Systems

References

3. Interface Equilibria

A. Adsorption Isotherms and Isosteres

B. Model Isotherms

References

4. Adsorption and Desorption Kinetics

A. Lennard-Jones Potential Curves

B. Adsorption Kinetics

C. Desorption Kinetics

References

5. Binding States and Adsorbate Structures

A. Low-Energy Electron Diffraction (LEED)

B. Photoemission Spectroscopy

C. Adsorbate-Induced Surface Reconstruction

References

6. Interface Reactions between Metals and Support Materials

A. Metal-Support Reactions

B. Intermetallic Compounds

References

7. Electronic Properties of Nonmetal Catalysts

A. Defect Structure

B. Point Defects

C. Defect Thermodynamics

D. Surface States

E. Catalytic Applications

References

8. Disorder in Multicomponent Metal Oxides

A. Metal Oxides

B. Spinels

C. Perovskites

D. Scheelites

E. Defect Metal Oxides with Crystallographic Shear Structures

References

9. Metal Oxide Catalysis

A. Spinels

B. Perovskites

C. Scheelites

References

10. Surface Properties of Grain Boundaries

A. Grain Boundary Structure

B. Grain Boundary Energetics

C. Component Segregation at Grain Boundaries

D. Model Isotherms

E. Selective Segregation in Multicomponent Systems

F. Influence of Grain Boundary Structure on Segregation

References

11. Oxide Layer Formation on Metal Surfaces

A. General Considerations

B. Nucleation and Growth of Oxide Layer

C. Diffusion-Controlled Metal Oxidation

D. Metal Oxidation Controlled by Interfacial Reaction

E. Formation of Volatile Species

F. Formation of Epitaxial Oxide Layers

G. Stress Effects

H. Oxidation of Alloys

References

12. Metal-Electrolyte Interfaces

A. General Considerations

B. Equilibrium at Metal-Electrolyte Interfaces

C. Adsorption at Metal-Electrolyte Interfaces

D. Kinetics of Metal Deposition

References

Index

Details

No. of pages:
270
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1990
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323158459

About the Author

Henry Wise

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