Marine Propellers and Propulsion

Marine Propellers and Propulsion

2nd Edition - June 12, 2007

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  • Author: John Carlton
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080549231

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Although the propeller lies submerged out of sight, it is a complex component in both the hydrodynamic and structural sense. This book fulfils the need for a comprehensive and cutting edge volume that brings together a great range of knowledge on propulsion technology, a multi-disciplinary and international subject. The book comprises three main sections covering hydrodynamics; materials and mechanical considerations; and design, operation and performance. The discussion relates theory to practical problems of design, analysis and operational economy, and is supported by extensive design information, operational detail and tabulated data. Fully updated and revised to cover the latest advances in the field, the new edition now also includes four new chapters on azimuthing and podded propulsors, propeller-rudder interaction, high-speed propellers, and propeller-ice interaction.

Key Features

· The most complete book available on marine propellers, fully updated and revised, with four new chapters on azimuthing and podded propulsors, propeller-rudder interaction, high-speed propellers, and propeller-ice interaction
· A valuable reference for marine engineers and naval architects gathering together the subject of propulsion technology, in both theory and practice, over the last forty years
· Written by a leading expert on propeller technology, essential for students of propulsion and hydrodynamics, complete with online worked examples


Practising marine engineers and naval architects; Marine engineering students on propulsion & hydrodynamics courses; Academic/corporate libraries

Table of Contents

  • 1 The early development of the screw propeller
    2 Propulsion systems
    2.1 Fixed pitch propellers
    2.2 Ducted propellers
    2.3 Podded and azimuthing propulsors
    2.4 Contra-rotating propellers
    2.5 Overlapping propellers
    2.6 Tandem propellers
    2.7 Controllable pitch propellers
    2.8 Waterjet propulsion
    2.9 Cycloidal propellers
    2.10 Paddle wheels
    2.11 Magnetohydrodynamic propulsion
    2.12 Superconducting motors for marine propulsion
    3 Propeller geometry
    3.1 Frames of reference
    3.2 Propeller reference lines
    3.3 Pitch
    3.4 Rake and skew
    3.5 Propeller outlines and area
    3.6 Propeller drawing methods
    3.7 Section geometry and definition
    3.8 Blade thickness distribution and thickness fraction
    3.9 Blade interference limits for controllable pitch propellers
    3.10 Controllable pitch propeller off-design section geometry
    3.11 Miscellaneous conventional propeller geometry terminology
    4 The propeller environment
    4.1 Density of water
    4.2 Salinity
    4.3 Water temperature
    4.4 Viscosity
    4.5 Vapour pressure
    4.6 Dissolved gases in sea water
    4.7 Surface tension
    4.8 Weather
    4.9 Silt and marine organisms
    5 The wake field
    5.1 General wake field characteristics
    5.2 Wake field definition
    5.3 The nominal wake field
    5.4 Estimation of wake field parameters
    5.5 Effective wake field
    5.6 Wake field scaling
    5.7 Wake quality assessment
    5.8 Wake field measurement
    6 Propeller performance characteristics
    6.1 General open water characteristics
    6.2 The effect of cavitation on open water characteristics
    6.3 Propeller scale effects
    6.4 Specific propeller open water characteristics
    6.5 Standard series data
    6.6 Multi-quadrant series data
    6.7 Slipstream contraction and flow velocities in the wake
    6.8 Behind-hull propeller characteristics
    6.9 Propeller ventilation
    7 Theoretical methods – basic concepts
    7.1 Basic aerofoil section characteristics
    7.2 Vortex filaments and sheets
    7.3 Field point velocities
    7.4 The Kutta condition
    7.5 The starting vortex
    7.6 Thin aerofoil theory
    7.7 Pressure distribution calculations
    7.8 Boundary layer growth over an aerofoil
    7.9 The finite wing
    7.10 Models of propeller action
    7.11 Source and vortex panel methods
    8 Theoretical methods – propeller theories
    8.1 Momentum theory – Rankine (1865); R. E. Froude (1887)
    8.2 Blade element theory –W. Froude (1878)
    8.3 Propeller-Theoretical development (1900–1930)
    8.4 Burrill’s analysis procedure (1944)
    8.5 Lerbs analysis method (1952)
    8.6 Eckhardt and Morgan’s design method (1955)
    8.7 Lifting surface correction factors – Morgan et al.
    8.8 Lifting surface models
    8.9 Lifting-line – lifting-surface hybrid models
    8.10 Vortex lattice methods
    8.11 Boundary element methods
    8.12 Methods for specialist propulsors
    8.13 Computational fluid dynamics methods
    9 Cavitation
    9.1 The basic physics of cavitation
    9.2 Types of cavitation experienced by propellers
    9.3 Cavitation considerations in design
    9.4 Cavitation inception
    9.5 Cavitation-induced damage
    9.6 Cavitation testing of propellers
    9.7 Analysis of measured pressure data from a cavitating propeller
    9.8 Propeller–rudder interaction
    10 Propeller noise
    10.1 Physics of underwater sound
    10.2 Nature of propeller noise
    10.3 Noise scaling relationships
    10.4 Noise prediction and control
    10.5 Transverse propulsion unit noise
    10.6 Measurement of radiated noise
    11 Propeller–ship interaction
    11.1 Bearing forces
    11.2 Hydrodynamic interaction
    12 Ship resistance and propulsion
    12.1 Froude’s analysis procedure
    12.2 Components of calm water resistance
    12.3 Methods of resistance evaluation
    12.4 Propulsive coefficients
    12.5 The influence of rough water
    12.6 Restricted water effects
    12.7 High-speed hull form resistance
    12.8 Air resistance
    13 Thrust augmentation devices
    13.1 Devices before the propeller
    13.2 Devices at the propeller
    13.3 Devices behind the propeller
    13.4 Combinations of systems
    14 Transverse thrusters
    14.1 Transverse thrusters
    14.2 Steerable internal duct thrusters
    15 Azimuthing and podded propulsors
    15.1 Azimuthing thrusters
    15.2 Podded propulsors
    16 Waterjet propulsion
    16.1 Basic principle of waterjet propulsion
    16.2 Impeller types
    16.3 Manoeuvring aspects of waterjets
    16.4 Waterjet component design
    17 Full-scale trials
    17.1 Power absorption measurements
    17.2 Bollard pull trials
    17.3 Propeller-induced hull surface pressure measurements
    17.4 Cavitation observation
    18 Propeller materials
    18.1 General properties of propeller materials
    18.2 Specific properties of propeller materials
    18.3 Mechanical properties
    18.4 Test procedures
    19 Propeller blade strength
    19.1 Cantilever beam method
    19.2 Numerical blade stress computational methods
    19.3 Detailed strength design considerations
    19.4 Propeller backing stresses
    19.5 Blade root fillet design
    19.6 Residual blade stresses
    19.7 Allowable design stresses
    19.8 Full-scale blade strain measurement
    20 Propeller manufacture
    20.1 Traditional manufacturing method
    20.2 Changes to the traditional technique of manufacture
    21 Propeller blade vibration
    21.1 Flat-plate blade vibration in air
    21.2 Vibration of propeller blades in air
    21.3 The effect of immersion in water
    21.4 Simple estimation methods
    21.5 Finite element analysis
    21.6 Propeller blade damping
    21.7 Propeller singing
    22 Propeller design
    22.1 The design and analysis loop
    22.2 Design constraints
    22.3 The choice of propeller type
    22.4 The propeller design basis
    22.5 The use of standard series data in design
    22.6 Basic design considerations
    22.7 The design process
    23 Operational problems
    23.1 Performance related problems
    23.2 Propeller integrity related problems
    23.3 Impact or grounding
    24 Service performance and analysis
    24.1 Effects of weather
    24.2 Hull roughness and fouling
    24.3 Hull drag reduction
    24.4 Propeller roughness and fouling
    24.5 Generalized equations for the roughness-induced power penalties in ship operation
    24.6 Monitoring of ship performance
    25 Propeller tolerances and inspection
    25.1 Propeller tolerances
    25.2 Propeller inspection
    26 Propeller maintenance and repair
    26.1 Causes of propeller damage
    26.2 Propeller repair
    26.3 Welding and the extent of weld repairs
    26.4 Stress relief

Product details

  • No. of pages: 560
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2007
  • Published: June 12, 2007
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080549231

About the Author

John Carlton

John Carlton
John Carlton is a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering and Professor of Marine Engineering at City University, London. He recently served as the 109th President of the IMarEST and was formerly Global Head of Marine Technology and Investigations at Lloyd’s Register. Over a long and distinguished career he has authored more than a hundred technical papers and articles on marine technology, received numerous awards, chaired international committees and contributed to various government and naval initiatives on maritime matters.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Marine Engineering at City University, London and 109th President of the IMarEST

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