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Marine Propellers and Propulsion - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780750681506, 9780080549231

Marine Propellers and Propulsion

2nd Edition

Author: John Carlton
Hardcover ISBN: 9780750681506
eBook ISBN: 9780080549231
Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
Published Date: 12th June 2007
Page Count: 560
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Although the propeller lies submerged out of sight, it is a complex component in both the hydrodynamic and structural sense. This book fulfils the need for a comprehensive and cutting edge volume that brings together a great range of knowledge on propulsion technology, a multi-disciplinary and international subject. The book comprises three main sections covering hydrodynamics; materials and mechanical considerations; and design, operation and performance. The discussion relates theory to practical problems of design, analysis and operational economy, and is supported by extensive design information, operational detail and tabulated data. Fully updated and revised to cover the latest advances in the field, the new edition now also includes four new chapters on azimuthing and podded propulsors, propeller-rudder interaction, high-speed propellers, and propeller-ice interaction.

Key Features

· The most complete book available on marine propellers, fully updated and revised, with four new chapters on azimuthing and podded propulsors, propeller-rudder interaction, high-speed propellers, and propeller-ice interaction
· A valuable reference for marine engineers and naval architects gathering together the subject of propulsion technology, in both theory and practice, over the last forty years
· Written by a leading expert on propeller technology, essential for students of propulsion and hydrodynamics, complete with online worked examples


Practising marine engineers and naval architects; Marine engineering students on propulsion & hydrodynamics courses; Academic/corporate libraries

Table of Contents

1 The early development of the screw propeller
2 Propulsion systems
2.1 Fixed pitch propellers
2.2 Ducted propellers
2.3 Podded and azimuthing propulsors
2.4 Contra-rotating propellers
2.5 Overlapping propellers
2.6 Tandem propellers
2.7 Controllable pitch propellers
2.8 Waterjet propulsion
2.9 Cycloidal propellers
2.10 Paddle wheels
2.11 Magnetohydrodynamic propulsion
2.12 Superconducting motors for marine propulsion
3 Propeller geometry
3.1 Frames of reference
3.2 Propeller reference lines
3.3 Pitch
3.4 Rake and skew
3.5 Propeller outlines and area
3.6 Propeller drawing methods
3.7 Section geometry and definition
3.8 Blade thickness distribution and thickness fraction
3.9 Blade interference limits for controllable pitch propellers
3.10 Controllable pitch propeller off-design section geometry
3.11 Miscellaneous conventional propeller geometry terminology
4 The propeller environment
4.1 Density of water
4.2 Salinity
4.3 Water temperature
4.4 Viscosity
4.5 Vapour pressure
4.6 Dissolved gases in sea water
4.7 Surface tension
4.8 Weather
4.9 Silt and marine organisms
5 The wake field
5.1 General wake field characteristics
5.2 Wake field definition
5.3 The nominal wake field
5.4 Estimation of wake field parameters
5.5 Effective wake field
5.6 Wake field scaling
5.7 Wake quality assessment
5.8 Wake field measurement
6 Propeller performance characteristics
6.1 General open water characteristics
6.2 The effect of cavitation on open water characteristics
6.3 Propeller scale effects
6.4 Specific propeller open water characteristics
6.5 Standard series data
6.6 Multi-quadrant series data
6.7 Slipstream contraction and flow velocities in the wake
6.8 Behind-hull propeller characteristics
6.9 Propeller ventilation
7 Theoretical methods – basic concepts
7.1 Basic aerofoil section characteristics
7.2 Vortex filaments and sheets
7.3 Field point velocities
7.4 The Kutta condition
7.5 The starting vortex
7.6 Thin aerofoil theory
7.7 Pressure distribution calculations
7.8 Boundary layer growth over an aerofoil
7.9 The finite wing
7.10 Models of propeller action
7.11 Source and vortex panel methods
8 Theoretical methods – propeller theories
8.1 Momentum theory – Rankine (1865); R. E. Froude (1887)
8.2 Blade element theory –W. Froude (1878)
8.3 Propeller-Theoretical development (1900–1930)
8.4 Burrill’s analysis procedure (1944)
8.5 Lerbs analysis method (1952)
8.6 Eckhardt and Morgan’s design method (1955)
8.7 Lifting surface correction factors – Morgan et al.
8.8 Lifting surface models
8.9 Lifting-line – lifting-surface hybrid models
8.10 Vortex lattice methods
8.11 Boundary element methods
8.12 Methods for specialist propulsors
8.13 Computational fluid dynamics methods
9 Cavitation
9.1 The basic physics of cavitation
9.2 Types of cavitation experienced by propellers
9.3 Cavitation considerations in design
9.4 Cavitation inception
9.5 Cavitation-induced damage
9.6 Cavitation testing of propellers
9.7 Analysis of measured pressure data from a cavitating propeller
9.8 Propeller–rudder interaction
10 Propeller noise
10.1 Physics of underwater sound
10.2 Nature of propeller noise
10.3 Noise scaling relationships
10.4 Noise prediction and control
10.5 Transverse propulsion unit noise
10.6 Measurement of radiated noise
11 Propeller–ship interaction
11.1 Bearing forces
11.2 Hydrodynamic interaction
12 Ship resistance and propulsion
12.1 Froude’s analysis procedure
12.2 Components of calm water resistance
12.3 Methods of resistance evaluation
12.4 Propulsive coefficients
12.5 The influence of rough water
12.6 Restricted water effects
12.7 High-speed hull form resistance
12.8 Air resistance
13 Thrust augmentation devices
13.1 Devices before the propeller
13.2 Devices at the propeller
13.3 Devices behind the propeller
13.4 Combinations of systems
14 Transverse thrusters
14.1 Transverse thrusters
14.2 Steerable internal duct thrusters
15 Azimuthing and podded propulsors
15.1 Azimuthing thrusters
15.2 Podded propulsors
16 Waterjet propulsion
16.1 Basic principle of waterjet propulsion
16.2 Impeller types
16.3 Manoeuvring aspects of waterjets
16.4 Waterjet component design
17 Full-scale trials
17.1 Power absorption measurements
17.2 Bollard pull trials
17.3 Propeller-induced hull surface pressure measurements
17.4 Cavitation observation
18 Propeller materials
18.1 General properties of propeller materials
18.2 Specific properties of propeller materials
18.3 Mechanical properties
18.4 Test procedures
19 Propeller blade strength
19.1 Cantilever beam method
19.2 Numerical blade stress computational methods
19.3 Detailed strength design considerations
19.4 Propeller backing stresses
19.5 Blade root fillet design
19.6 Residual blade stresses
19.7 Allowable design stresses
19.8 Full-scale blade strain measurement
20 Propeller manufacture
20.1 Traditional manufacturing method
20.2 Changes to the traditional technique of manufacture
21 Propeller blade vibration
21.1 Flat-plate blade vibration in air
21.2 Vibration of propeller blades in air
21.3 The effect of immersion in water
21.4 Simple estimation methods
21.5 Finite element analysis
21.6 Propeller blade damping
21.7 Propeller singing
22 Propeller design
22.1 The design and analysis loop
22.2 Design constraints
22.3 The choice of propeller type
22.4 The propeller design basis
22.5 The use of standard series data in design
22.6 Basic design considerations
22.7 The design process
23 Operational problems
23.1 Performance related problems
23.2 Propeller integrity related problems
23.3 Impact or grounding
24 Service performance and analysis
24.1 Effects of weather
24.2 Hull roughness and fouling
24.3 Hull drag reduction
24.4 Propeller roughness and fouling
24.5 Generalized equations for the roughness-induced power penalties in ship operation
24.6 Monitoring of ship performance
25 Propeller tolerances and inspection
25.1 Propeller tolerances
25.2 Propeller inspection
26 Propeller maintenance and repair
26.1 Causes of propeller damage
26.2 Propeller repair
26.3 Welding and the extent of weld repairs
26.4 Stress relief


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© Butterworth-Heinemann 2007
12th June 2007
Hardcover ISBN:
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About the Author

John Carlton

John Carlton

John Carlton is a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering and Professor of Marine Engineering at City University, London. He recently served as the 109th President of the IMarEST and was formerly Global Head of Marine Technology and Investigations at Lloyd’s Register. Over a long and distinguished career he has authored more than a hundred technical papers and articles on marine technology, received numerous awards, chaired international committees and contributed to various government and naval initiatives on maritime matters.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Marine Engineering at City University, London and 109th President of the IMarEST

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