Marine Propellers and Propulsion

Marine Propellers and Propulsion

3rd Edition - September 20, 2012

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  • Author: John Carlton
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080971247

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Propulsion technology is a complex, multidisciplinary topic with design, construction, operational and research implications. Bringing together a wealth of disparate information from the field, Marine Propellers and Propulsion provides comprehensive and cutting edge coverage to equip marine engineers, naval architects and anyone involved in propulsion and hydrodynamics with the knowledge needed to do the job. Drawing on experience from a long and varied career in consultancy, research, design and technical investigation, author John Carlton breaks the subject into three main sections - hydrodynamic theory, materials and mechanical considerations, and design, operation and performance. Connecting essential theory to practical problems in design, analysis and operational efficiency, Marine Propellers and Propulsion is an invaluable resource, packed with hard-won insights, detailed specifications and data.

Key Features

  • The most complete book available on marine propellers, fully updated and revised, with new chapters on propulsion in ice and high speed propellers
  • Gathers together otherwise disparate material on the theory and practice of propulsion technology from the past 40 years’ development, including the latest developments in improving efficiency
  • Written by a leading expert on propeller technology, essential for students, marine engineers and naval architects involved in propulsion and hydrodynamics


Practising marine engineers and naval architects; Marine engineering students on propulsion & hydrodynamics courses; Academic/corporate libraries

Table of Contents

  • Dedication

    Preface to the Third Edition

    Preface to the Second Edition

    Preface to the First Edition

    General Nomenclature

    Chapter 1. The Early Development of the Screw Propeller


    Further Reading

    Chapter 2. Propulsion Systems

    2.1 Fixed Pitch Propellers

    2.2 Ducted Propellers

    2.3 Podded and Azimuthing Propulsors

    2.4 Contra-Rotating Propellers

    2.5 Overlapping Propellers

    2.6 Tandem Propellers

    2.7 Controllable Pitch Propellers

    2.8 Surface Piercing Propellers

    2.9 Waterjet Propulsion

    2.10 Cycloidal Propellers

    2.11 Paddle Wheels

    2.12 Magnetohydrodynamic Propulsion

    2.13 Whale-Tail Propulsion

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 3. Propeller Geometry

    3.1 Frames of Reference

    3.2 Propeller Reference Lines

    3.3 Pitch

    3.4 Rake and Skew

    3.5 Propeller Outlines and Area

    3.6 Propeller Drawing Methods

    3.7 Section Geometry and Definition

    3.8 Blade Thickness Distribution and Thickness Fraction

    3.9 Blade Interference Limits for Controllable Pitch Propellers

    3.10 Controllable Pitch Propeller Off-Design Section Geometry

    3.11 Miscellaneous Conventional Propeller Geometry Terminology

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 4. The Propeller Environment

    4.1 Density of Water

    4.2 Salinity

    4.3 Water Temperature

    4.4 Viscosity

    4.5 Vapor Pressure

    4.6 Dissolved Gases in Sea Water

    4.7 Surface Tension

    4.8 Weather

    4.9 Silt and Marine Organisms

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 5. The Ship Wake Field

    5.1 General Wake Field Characteristics

    5.2 Wake Field Definition

    5.3 The Nominal Wake Field

    5.4 Estimation of Wake Field Parameters

    5.5 Effective Wake Field

    5.6 Wake Field Scaling

    5.7 Wake Quality Assessment

    5.8 Wake Field Measurement

    References and Further reading

    Chapter 6. Propeller Performance Characteristics

    6.1 General Open Water Characteristics

    6.2 The Effect of Cavitation on Open Water Characteristics

    6.3 Propeller Scale Effects

    6.4 Specific Propeller Open Water Characteristics

    6.5 Standard Series Data

    6.6 Multi-Quadrant Series Data

    6.7 Slipstream Contraction and Flow Velocities in the Wake

    6.8 Behind-Hull Propeller Characteristics

    6.9 Propeller Ventilation

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 7. Theoretical Methods – Basic Concepts

    7.1 Basic Aerofoil Section Characteristics

    7.2 Vortex Filaments and Sheets

    7.3 Field Point Velocities

    7.4 The Kutta Condition

    7.5 The Starting Vortex

    7.6 Thin Aerofoil Theory

    7.7 Pressure Distribution Calculations

    7.8 Boundary Layer Growth Over an Aerofoil

    7.9 The Finite Wing

    7.10 Models of Propeller Action

    7.11 Source and Vortex Panel Methods

    7.12 Euler, Lagrangian and Navier–Stokes Methods

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 8. Theoretical and Analytical Methods Relating to Propeller Action

    8.1 Momentum Theory – Rankine (1865); R.E. Froude (1887)

    8.2 Blade Element Theory – W. Froude (1878)

    8.3 Propeller Theoretical Development (1900–1930)

    8.4 Burrill’s Analysis Procedure (1944)

    8.5 Lerbs Analysis Method (1952)

    8.6 Eckhardt and Morgan’s Design Method (1955)

    8.7 Lifting Surface Correction Factors – Morgan et al.

    8.8 Lifting Surface Models

    8.9 Lifting Line–Lifting Surface Hybrid Models

    8.10 Vortex Lattice Methods

    8.11 Boundary Element Methods

    8.12 Methods for Specialist Propulsors

    8.13 Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 9. Cavitation

    9.1 The Basic Physics of Cavitation

    9.2 Types of Cavitation Experienced by Propellers

    9.3 Cavitation Considerations in Design

    9.4 Cavitation Inception

    9.5 Cavitation-Induced Damage

    9.6 Cavitation Testing of Propellers

    9.7 Analysis of Measured Pressure Data from a Cavitating Propeller

    9.8 The CFD Prediction of Cavitation

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 10. Propeller Noise

    10.1 Physics of Underwater Sound

    10.2 Nature of Propeller Noise

    10.3 Noise Scaling Relationships

    10.4 Noise Prediction and Control

    10.5 Transverse Propulsion Unit Noise

    10.6 Measurement of Radiated Noise

    10.7 Noise in Relation to Marine Mammals

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 11. Propeller, Ship and Rudder Interaction

    11.1 Bearing Forces and Moments

    11.2 Hydrodynamic Interaction

    11.3 Propeller–Rudder Interaction

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 12. Ship Resistance and Propulsion

    12.1 Froude’s Analysis Procedure

    12.2 Components of Calm Water Resistance

    12.3 Methods of Resistance Evaluation

    12.4 Propulsive Coefficients

    12.5 The Influence of Rough Water

    12.6 Restricted Water Effects

    12.7 High-Speed Hull form Resistance

    12.8 Air Resistance

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 13. Thrust Augmentation Devices

    13.1 Devices Before the Propeller

    13.2 Devices at the Propeller

    13.3 Devices Behind the Propeller

    13.4 Combinations of Systems

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 14. Transverse Thrusters

    14.1 Transverse Thrusters

    14.2 Steerable Internal Duct Thrusters

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 15. Azimuthing and Podded Propulsors

    15.1 Azimuthing Thrusters

    15.2 Podded Propulsors

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 16. Waterjet Propulsion

    16.1 Basic Principle of Waterjet Propulsion

    16.2 Impeller Types

    16.3 Maneuvering Aspects of Waterjets

    16.4 Waterjet Component Design

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 17. Full-Scale Trials

    17.1 Power Absorption Measurements and Trials

    17.2 Bollard Pull Trials

    17.3 Propeller-Induced Hull Surface Pressure Measurements

    17.4 Cavitation Observations

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 18. Propeller Materials

    18.1 General Properties of Propeller Materials

    18.2 Specific Properties of Propeller Materials

    18.3 Mechanical Properties

    18.4 Test Procedures

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 19. Propeller Blade Strength

    19.1 Cantilever Beam Method

    19.2 Numerical Blade Stress Computational Methods

    19.3 Detailed Strength Design Considerations

    19.4 Propeller Backing Stresses

    19.5 Blade Root Fillet Design

    19.6 Residual Blade Stresses

    19.7 Allowable Design Stresses

    19.8 Full-Scale Blade Strain Measurement

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 20. Propeller Manufacture

    20.1 Traditional Manufacturing Method

    20.2 Changes to the Traditional Technique of Manufacture

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 21. Propeller Blade Vibration

    21.1 Flat-Plate Blade Vibration in Air

    21.2 Vibration of Propeller Blades in Air

    21.3 The Effect of Immersion in Water

    21.4 Simple Estimation Methods

    21.5 Finite Element Analysis

    21.6 Propeller Blade Damping

    21.7 Propeller Singing

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 22. Propeller Design

    22.1 The Design and Analysis Loop

    22.2 Design Constraints

    22.3 The Energy Efficiency Design Index

    22.4 The Choice of Propeller Type

    22.5 The Propeller Design Basis

    22.6 The Use of Standard Series Data in Design

    22.7 Design Considerations

    22.8 The Design Process

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 23. Operational Problems

    23.1 Performance Related Problems

    23.2 Propeller Integrity Related Problems

    23.3 Impact or Grounding

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 24. Service Performance and Analysis

    24.1 Effects of Weather

    24.2 Hull Roughness and Fouling

    24.3 Hull Drag Reduction

    24.4 Propeller Roughness and Fouling

    24.5 Generalized Equations for the Roughness-Induced Power Penalties in Ship Operation

    24.6 Monitoring of Ship Performance

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 25. Propeller Tolerances and Inspection

    25.1 Propeller Tolerances

    25.2 Propeller Inspection

    References and Further Reading

    Chapter 26. Propeller Maintenance and Repair

    26.1 Causes of Propeller Damage

    26.2 Propeller Repair

    26.3 Welding and the Extent of Weld Repairs

    26.4 Stress Relief

    References and Further Reading



Product details

  • No. of pages: 544
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 2012
  • Published: September 20, 2012
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9780080971247

About the Author

John Carlton

John Carlton
John Carlton is a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering and Professor of Marine Engineering at City University, London. He recently served as the 109th President of the IMarEST and was formerly Global Head of Marine Technology and Investigations at Lloyd’s Register. Over a long and distinguished career he has authored more than a hundred technical papers and articles on marine technology, received numerous awards, chaired international committees and contributed to various government and naval initiatives on maritime matters.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Marine Engineering at City University, London and 109th President of the IMarEST

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