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Marine Mammal Ecotoxicology: Impacts of Multiple Stressors on Population Health provides tactics on how to develop a comprehensive methodology for the study of existing threats to marine mammals. By presenting a conservation-biology approach and new and emerging technologies, this work helps provide crucial knowledge on the status of marine mammal populations that not only helps readers understand the ecosystem’s health, but also instigate mitigation measures. This volume provides information that helps investigators unravel the relationships between exposure to environmental stressors (e.g., climate change, pollutants, marine litter, pathogens and biotoxins) and a range of endpoints in marine mammal species.
The application of robust examination procedures and biochemical, immunological, and molecular techniques, combined with pathological examination and feeding ecology, has led to the development of health assessment methods at the individual and population levels in wild marine mammals.
- Provides a comprehensive, worldwide update and state of knowledge on current research and topics on marine mammal ecotoxicology
- Includes coverage of both new and emerging technologies
- Features a multidisciplinary approach that gives readers a broad, updated overview of the threats facing marine mammals and related conservation measures
Marine biologists, mammalogists, and ecotoxicologists; vertebrate zoologists, veterinary medicine researchers, ecologists, pathologists, conservation biologists, fisheries biologists, and those interested in the anatomy, evolutionary biology, physiology, toxicology, and morphology of marine mammals. Researchers, faculty, undergraduate and graduate students interested in these disciplines or teaching a class in marine biology, zoology or veterinary medicine. Field biologists and veterinarians who work with marine mammals in captivity or in coastal and off-shore environments. Those at NGOs, consultants, and academic libraries, environmentalists, members of marine industry, political managers, climate biologists, policy makers, and those at Conservation agencies (e.g., CITES, IUCN), Regulatory bodies, the International Whaling Commission, ACCOBAMS, ASCOBAMS, Environmental Protection Agencies
PART 1. Legacy and emerging contaminants in marine mammal populations
1. Organochlorine contaminants and reproductive implication in cetaceans: A case study of the common dolphin
Sinéad Murphy, Robin J. Law, Robert Deaville, James Barnett, Matthew W. Perkins, Andrew Brownlow, Rod Penrose, Jonathan L. Barber and Paul D. Jepson
2. Feeding ecology tools to assess contaminant exposure in coastal mammals
Elizabeth A. McHuron, Sarah H. Peterson, and Todd M O’Hara,
3. The toxicological effects of oil exposure on cetaceans
Tracy Collier, Céline Godard
4. Legacy contamination in estuarine dolphin species from the South American coast
Salvatore Siciliano, Jailson F. Moura, Davi C. Tavares, Helena A. Kehrig, Rachel Ann Hauser-Davis, Isabel Moreira, Ricardo Lavandier, Leila Lemos, Renata Emin-Lima and Natalia S. Quinete
5. Poly- and Perfluoroalkyl Substances in Marine Mammals
Patricia A. Fair and Magali Houde
6. Marine debris interaction with marine mammals
Maria Cristina Fossi, Cristina Panti, Matteo Baini, Sara Baulch
7. Persistent organic pollutants in cetaceans living in a hotspot area: the Mediterranean sea
Letizia Marsili, Begoña Jiménez, Asunción Borrell
8. Pollutants in tropical marine mammals of the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador: An Ecotoxicological Quest to the Last Eden
Juan José Alava and Peter S. Ross
PART 2. Effects of toxicological and cumulative stress on marine mammal health
9. Field sampling techniques and ecotoxicological Biomarkers in cetaceans
Céline Godard-Codding and Maria Cristina Fossi
10. Ecotoxicological biomarkers and accumulation of contaminants in pinnipeds
Kristina Lehnert, Jean-Pierre Desforges, Krishna Das and Ursula Siebert
11. New technologies for monitoring marine mammal health
12. Immunotoxic effects of environmental pollutants in marine mammals
Jean-Pierre Desforges, Christian Sonne, Rune Dietz, Milton Levin
13. Ecotoxicological stress in Arctic marine mammals - with particular focus on polar bears
Heli Routti, Bjørn Munro Jenssen, Sabrina Tartu
14. Toxicological Risks and Considerations Associated with Lipophilic Contaminant Burdens of Mysticetes in Antarctic Ecosystems
15. Emerging pathogens and stress syndromes of cetaceans in European waters: cumulative effects
Sandro Mazzariol, Manuel Arbelo, Cinzia Centelleghe, Giovanni Di Guardo, Antonio Fernandez, Eva Sierra
16. Ecotoxicology of the Sirenia in the Twenty-First Century
Thomas J. O’Shea, Noel Y. Takeuchi, Liesbeth Weijs, Helene Marsh
PART 3. Implication for monitoring and conservation of marine mammals
17. Marine mammals and multiple stressors, implications for conservation and policy.
Mark Peter Simmonds
- No. of pages:
- © Academic Press 2018
- 6th August 2018
- Academic Press
- eBook ISBN:
- Paperback ISBN:
Maria Cristina Fossi is Associate Professor of ecology and ecotoxicology at the University of Siena, Italy, and since 2000 has been Scientific Director of the Biomarker Laboratory (CIBM). She gave a key contribution to the development of the biomarker approach in terrestrial and marine ecotoxicology. Thanks to her work on non-destructive biomarker on skin biopsies, since 1991 she has been a world reference for the assessment of ecotoxicological risk in cetaceans. Since 1994 she has developed innovative diagnostic tools for ecotoxicological assessment of threatened species (marine mammals, birds, reptiles) bringing about the establishment of methods (non-destructive biomarker approach) currently acknowledged as the gold standard at the international level. Her research group supports the anti-whaling activity within the International Whaling Commission (IWC).
In 2001 she published the first papers on effects of on Endocrine Disruptors (EDs) in Mediterranean marine top predators (pelagic fish-swordfish- and cetaceans) and long-living organisms (sea turtles). In 2012 she provided the first evidence worldwide on the effects of microplastics on Mediterranean cetaceans. She is author or co-author of more than 550 original papers (articles, review articles, chapters and books). She has been coordinator of more than 25 national and International research projects. She is involved in several international scientific organizations (e.g. Past-president of SETAC Italian Branch). With a notable ability to involve young people in research and conservation activities, her research group is composed by 2 senior researchers, 2 post-Docs and 4 PhD students. She has been a panel member for evaluation of projects for EU Commission (e.g. BONUS) and international institutions (e.g.: MISTRA, Barcelona Convention, CIEMS). She is associate editor of Environmental Pollution, and is involved in intense scientific communication and dissemination activity (media, magazines, web, film) about the ecotoxicological effects of contaminants in Mediterranean fauna, and in particular on the effects of plastic and microplastics and in cetaceans and sea turtles.
University of Siena, Department of Physical Sciences, Earth and Environment, Siena, Italy
Cristina Panti (PhD 2009) is a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Siena. She has expertise on molecular (gene expression, genetic analysis) and ecotoxicological investigations for the assessment and monitoring of cetaceans and top predators’ health, developing innovative methods and the effects of plastic on marine fauna. She has participated in several projects including: “Toxicology of dolphins in Queensland” with Southern Cross University (Australia); Bilateral Cooperation project IT-MX with UABCS (MX); and “Effects of microplastics on fin whale from Pelagos Sanctuary”. She has been a visiting fellow at the Woods Hole Oceanic Institution (USA) and the University of Groningen (The Netherlands). She has authored multiple papers in peer-reviewed journals, chapters in books, and more than 40 conference proceedings . Her well known research group has been involved in national and international research projects concerning development of non-destructive biomarkers on sea-birds, sea turtles, and marine mammals worldwide for endocrine disrupters, bio-monitoring of industrial activities, and study of macro/microplastics in Mediterranean Sea. The lab has a central position for research on marine litter on Mediterranean Sea and a key role in the implementation of the EU MSFD at national level (D8-D10).
University of Siena, Department of Physical Sciences, Earth and Environment, Siena, Italy
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