Marine Gyro-Compasses and Automatic Pilots

Marine Gyro-Compasses and Automatic Pilots

A Handbook for Merchant Navy Officers

1st Edition - January 1, 1964

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  • Authors: W. Burger, A. G. Corbet
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483155241

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Marine Gyro-Compasses and Automatic Pilots, A Handbook for Merchant Navy Officers: Volume Two, Automatic Pilots is a reference book describing automatic pilots and ancillary equipment that are normally used in British Merchant Ships. This handbook discusses the uses, types, and advantages of automatic steering, including the different kinds of equipment and compasses found in many merchant ships. The text explains in detail the components of the Automatic Two-unit Gyropilot, the Gyro-Hydraulic Steering Control, the Tiller Pilot, and the Gyro-Electric Steering Control (all Sperry brand). This book outlines how each device is operated and maintained, as well as any possible equipment troubles that can be encountered. This handbook addresses all the different types of the Brown Automatic Steering systems, the general arrangements, principles of operation, trouble-shooting, and maintenance of the equipment. For smaller ships, the Sperry Magnetic Compass Pilot can be used because a transmitting magnetic compass bypasses the need for a gyro compass required in bigger automatic pilots. This book describes the methods of operation of the compass through the use of a chain and sprocket drive, a hydraulic power unit, or electrically operated switches, thus saving on costs. This handbook also notes the components, controls, and working principles of the Arkas Automatic Pilot, and the types of ancillary equipment such as the Course Recorder and Off-Course Alarm. This handbook provides useful information for Merchant Navy Officers, officers and personnel of the British Merchant Fleet, as well as other officers of sea-going vessels.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Some Advice on Reading this Book


    Types of Automatic Steering

    Chapter I—Automatic Two-Unit Gyropilot (Sperry)

    Description of Components

    Principles of Operation

    Operating the Equipment


    Possible Faults

    Chapter II—Gyro-Hydraulic Steering Control (Sperry)

    Description of Components

    Principles of Operation

    Operating the Equipment


    Duplex Gyro-Hydraulic Steering Control

    Chapter III—The Tiller Pilot (Sperry)

    Description of Components

    Principles of Operation

    Operating the Equipment


    Chapter IV—Gyro-Electric Steering Control (Sperry)

    Description of Components

    Principles of Operation

    Ship's Main Steering Gear

    Operating the Equipment


    Chapter V—Brown Automatic Steering (1)

    General Arrangement and Principle of Operation of the Equipment

    Chapter VI—Brown Automatic Steering (2): Review of Types. Operating Instructions

    Single Unit Systems—Type F, Type F 1 and Type F 2

    Two-Unit Systems—Type E, Type E Mark II, Type FT, Combined Column and Auto-Electric

    Operating Instructions—Auto-Electric

    Action should the Alarm Bell ring—All types

    Chapter VII—Brown Automatic Steering (3): The Adjustments. Maintenance. Fault Finding

    Guidance on making Adjustments for Weather and Ship Characteristics


    Fault Finding

    Chapter VIII—Automatic Pilots for small Ships

    The Sperry Magnetic Compass Pilot

    Components and Operation

    Operating Instructions

    Routine Maintenance


    The Sestrel-Owen Automatic Helmsman

    Components and Operation

    Operating Instructions


    Important Note

    Chapter IX—The Arkas Automatic Pilot (1): General Arrangements. The Controls. Working Principles

    The J.R. Model

    The J. O. (Gyro) Model

    The J. O. (Magnetic) Model

    The J.R.D. (Desk) Model

    Chapter X—The Arkas Automatic Pilot (2): Pre-sailing Checks. Operating Instructions. Maintenance

    Pre-sailing Checks (J.R. Model)

    Operating Instructions (J.R. Model)

    Pre-sailing Checks (J.O. Gyro)

    Operating Instructions (J.O. Gyro)

    Pre-sailing Checks and Operating Instructions (J.O. Magnetic)


    Chapter XI—Ancillary Equipment

    The Rudder Angle Indicator

    The Course Recorder

    The Rate of Turn Indicator

    "Off Course" Alarm

    Chapter XII—Brown GMS Automatic Steering Control System

    The Main Components

    Principle of Operation

    The Controls

    Operating Instructions


    The Command Computer

    Chapter XIII—Automatic Steering

    Some General Remarks and Advice

    Appendix I—Fundamental Electrical Principles

    Electronic Structure



    Relationships between the Units

    Cells and Batteries

    Wheatstone Bridge

    The Magnetic Effect of a Current

    Motor Principle

    Electromagnetic Induction

    Alternating Current

    The Transformer

    Three-Phase Systems and Induction Motor


    Measuring Instruments

    Appendix II—Amplification and Transmission of signals

    The Magnetic Amplifier

    Valve Rectifiers and Amplifiers

    The Transistor

    Synchro Transmitters and Receivers

    The Principle of the Flux Valve

    Acknowledgments and Bibliography


Product details

  • No. of pages: 234
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1964
  • Published: January 1, 1964
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483155241

About the Authors

W. Burger

A. G. Corbet

About the Editors

J. H. Clough Smith

G. E. Earl

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