Marine Gyro-Compasses and Automatic Pilots

Marine Gyro-Compasses and Automatic Pilots

A Handbook for Merchant Navy Officers

1st Edition - January 1, 1963

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  • Authors: W. Burger, A. G. Corbet
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483180656

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Description

Marine Gyro-Compasses and Automatic Pilots: A Handbook for Merchant Navy Officers, Volume One: Gyro Compasses is manual for the various types of compass utilized in naval navigation. The text details the apparent motion of fixed objects, and then proceeds to discussing the principles of free gyroscopes. Next, the selection tackles controlled gyroscopes and gyroscopic compasses. The text also covers errors and corrections, along with the comparison of gyroscopic and magnetic compasses. The subsequent chapters talk about the different types of gyro compasses, such as Sperry Gyro-Compass Mark E. XIV, The Brown Gyro-Compass Types A and B, Arma-Brown Compass, and The Marine Gyrosyn Compass. The book will be of great use to student and professional maritime navigators.

Table of Contents


  • List of Figures

    Preface

    Chapter I—Apparent Motion of Fixed Objects in Space

    Change of Azimuth and Change of Altitude

    Rate of Change of Azimuth and Rate of Change of Altitude

    Appendix 1.1

    Chapter II—Principles of a Free Gyroscope

    Free Gyroscope

    Gyroscopic Inertia

    Precession

    Conclusion

    Appendix 2.1

    Appendix 2.2

    Chapter III—Controlled Gyroscopes

    Methods

    Oscillation of the Spin Axis of a Controlled Gyroscope

    Appendix 3.1

    Appendix 3.2

    Chapter IV—Gyroscopic Compasses

    Damping by Means of a Torque Which Exists Only When There is Tilt

    Damping Which is Only Effective When the Spin Axis Changes Its Tilt

    Oscillation of the Spin Axis of a Damped, Controlled Gyroscope (Gyro-Compass)

    Settling Position, Effect of Latitude

    Conclusion

    Appendix 4.1

    Appendix 4.2

    Chapter V—Errors and Corrections

    Damping Error

    Tilt Error

    Course, Speed and Latitude Error

    Rolling Error

    Ballistic Error (Deflection)

    Ballistic Tilt

    Appendix 5.1

    Chapter VI—Comparison of Gyroscopic and Magnetic Compasses

    Restoring Couple

    Heeling and Rolling Error

    Effect of Change in Latitude

    Effect of Ship's Iron, Changes in Magnetic Conditions and Structural Changes

    Appendix 6.1

    Chapter VII—Sperry Gyro-Compass Mark E. XIV (1)

    Description of Components

    The Suspension

    The Follow-up System

    Transmission from Master to Repeater Compass

    Motor Generators and Principal Electrical Connections

    Chapter VIII—Sperry Gyro-Compass Mark E. XIV (2)

    Operating Instructions

    Maintenance

    Adjustments

    General Advice

    Chapter IX—The Brown Gyro-Compass. Types A and B

    Description of Components

    The Suspension

    Transmission from Master to Repeaters

    The Motor Generator and Principal Electrical Connections

    Chapter X—The Brown Gyro-Compass. Types A and B

    Operating Instructions

    Maintenance

    General Advice

    Chapter XI—The Sperry Mark E. I Gyro-Compass

    Description of Components

    The Follow-Up System

    Suspension and Damping

    The Transmission System

    The Correction System

    Operating Instructions

    Maintenance

    The Sperry Multiple Steering Repeater

    Chapter XII—The Sperry Mark XX Gyro-Compass

    Description of Components

    The Suspension

    The Correction System

    The Follow-up System

    The Transmission System

    Operating Instructions

    Maintenance

    General Advice

    Chapter XIII—Arma-Brown Compass

    Description of Components

    The Suspension

    The Follow-up System

    North Seeking Operation

    Electrical Connections

    Transmission to Repeaters

    Controls

    Starting and Stopping

    Maintenance

    Chapter XIV—The Marine Gyrosyn Ccompass

    The Gyro Unit

    The Detector Unit

    The Master Indicator

    The Amplifier Unit

    Operation of the Gyrosyn

    Deviation Correction

    Switching on and Synchronizing

    Maintenance

    Chapter XV—Some Comparisons between Various Gyroscopic Compasses

    Appendix I—Fundamental and Electrical Principles

    Electronic Structure

    Conduction

    Units

    Relationships between the Units

    Cells and Batteries

    Wheatstone Bridge

    The Magnetic Effect of a Current

    Motor Principle

    Electromagnetic Induction

    Alternating Current

    The Transformer

    Three-Phase Systems and Induction Motor

    Rectifiers

    Measuring Instruments

    Appendix II—Amplification and Transmission of Signals

    The Magnetic Amplifier

    Valve Rectifiers and Amplifiers

    The Transistor

    Synchro Transmitters and Receivers

    Table Showing Course, Speed and Latitude Corrections

    (Corrections for Steaming Error)

    Revision Questions

    Acknowledgments and Bibliography

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 226
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1963
  • Published: January 1, 1963
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483180656

About the Authors

W. Burger

A. G. Corbet

About the Editors

J. H. Clough Smith

G. E. Earl

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