Manufacturing Techniques for Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs)

Manufacturing Techniques for Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs)

1st Edition - July 18, 2012

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  • Editors: Suresh Advani, Kuang-Ting Hsiao
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857090676
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096258

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Description

Polymer matrix composites are used extensively across a wide range of industries, making the design and development of effective manufacturing processes of great importance. Manufacturing techniques for polymer matrix composites (PMCs) provides an authoritative review of the different technologies employed in the manufacture of this class of composite.Following an introduction to composites and manufacturing processes, part one reviews the manufacturing of short fiber and nanoparticle based polymer matrix composites, with injection and compression molding examined in depth. Thermoplastic processing is the focus of part two. Sheet forming, fabric thermostamping, filament winding and continuous fiber reinforced profiles are investigated. Part three reviews thermoset processing. A survey of resin transfer molding follows, including vacuum-assisted and compression resin transfer molding. The pultrusion process is then considered, before the book concludes with an investigation into autoclave and out-of-autoclave curing processes in polymer matrix composites.With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Manufacturing techniques for polymer matrix composites (PMCs) is an essential guide for engineers and scientists working in the field of polymer matrix composites.

Key Features

  • Provides an authoritative review of the different technologies employed in the manufacture of polymer matrix composites
  • Reviews the manufacturing of short fiber and nanoparticle-based polymer matrix composites, with injection and compression molding examined in depth
  • Examines thermoplastic processing, sheet forming, fabric thermostamping, filament winding and continuous fiber reinforced profiles

Readership

Professional engineers, materials researchers and scientists; Science and engineering graduate students and educators who are working in the field of polymer matrix composites; Manufacturers of polymer matrix composite manufacturing machinery

Table of Contents

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    Part I: Manufacturing of polymer matrix composites (PMCs): short fiber and nanomaterial based processing

    Chapter 1: Introduction to composites and manufacturing processes

    Abstract:

    1.1 Processing of polymer matrix composites

    1.2 Focus and scope of this book

    Chapter 2: Injection molding in polymer matrix composites

    Abstract:

    2.1 Introduction to injection molding

    2.2 Molding compounds

    2.3 Characterization and prediction of fiber orientation

    2.4 Molding defects

    2.5 Conclusions and future trends

    2.6 Acknowledgment

    Chapter 3: Compression molding in polymer matrix composites

    Abstract:

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Molding materials

    3.3 Process defects and remedies

    3.4 Recent developments in press design and process optimization

    3.5 Modeling and simulation

    3.6 Future trends

    3.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 4: Processing of polymer nanocomposites

    Abstract:

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Process description

    4.3 Methods to improve process

    Part II: Manufacturing of polymer matrix composites (PMCs): thermoplastic based processing

    Chapter 5: Sheet forming in polymer matrix composites

    Abstract:

    5.1 Introduction: key objectives

    5.2 Process description

    5.3 Matrix flow and fibre deformation

    5.4 Changes to the process to improve product quality

    5.5 Future trends

    5.6 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 6: Fabric thermostamping in polymer matrix composites

    Abstract:

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Process description

    6.3 Material characterization

    6.4 Modeling

    6.5 Methods of improving the process to improve product quality

    6.6 Future trends

    6.7 Sources of further information and advice

    6.8 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 7: Filament winding process in thermoplastics

    Abstract:

    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Winding basics

    7.3 Winding process

    7.4 Simulation tools

    7.5 Component quality

    7.6 Future trends

    7.7 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 8: Continuous fiber reinforced profiles in polymer matrix composites

    Abstract:

    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Pultrusion

    8.3 Continuous compression molding

    8.4 Preferred application areas for the pultrusion process and continuous compression molding process

    Part III: Manufacturing of polymer matrix composites (PMCs): thermoset based processing

    Chapter 9: Resin transfer molding (RTM) in polymer matrix composites

    Abstract:

    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 Resin transfer molding (RTM) process steps

    9.3 Fibers, fabrics and preform manufacturing

    9.4 Resin system

    9.5 RTM mold

    9.6 Resin injection equipment

    9.7 Issues that influence manufacturing with RTM

    9.8 The need for process modeling

    9.9 Resin flow models for RTM

    9.10 Heat transfer and cure model

    9.11 Numerical simulation of resin flow

    9.12 Process control

    Chapter 10: Vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM) in polymer matrix composites

    Abstract:

    10.1 Vacuum assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM) processing

    10.2 Fundamentals of VARTM

    10.3 Defects and challenges of VARTM

    10.4 Recent advances in VARTM

    10.5 Conclusion and future trends in VARTM

    10.6 Membrane-based infusion processing

    10.7 Membrane evaluation

    10.8 Process and material property improvement

    10.9 Summary of membrane-based infusion processing

    Chapter 11: Compression resin transfer moulding (CRTM) in polymer matrix composites

    Abstract:

    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Process description

    11.3 Material properties and characterisation

    11.4 Modelling and analysis of the CRTM-1 process

    11.5 Modelling and analysis of the CRTM-2 process

    11.6 Optimisation of CRTM

    11.7 Future trends

    Chapter 12: The pultrusion process for polymer matrix composites

    Abstract:

    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Process description

    12.3 Improvements in pultrusion

    12.4 Innovation, industrial and future trends

    12.5 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 13: Autoclave processing for composites

    Abstract:

    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Autoclave processing model

    13.3 Process development

    13.4 Conclusions and future trends

    Chapter 14: Out-of-autoclave curing process in polymer matrix composites

    Abstract:

    Introduction

    14.2 Reasons for using the out-of-autoclave (OoA) process

    14.3 Strategies

    14.4 Technical description of different OoA processes

    14.5 Process comparison and classification

    14.6 Future trends

    Sources of further information and advice

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 512
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2012
  • Published: July 18, 2012
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857090676
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857096258

About the Editors

Suresh Advani

Suresh Advani is Professor of Mechanical Engineering and Associate Director of the Center for Composite Materials at the University of Delaware, USA.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Delaware

Kuang-Ting Hsiao

Kuang-Ting Hsiao is Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of South Alabama, USA.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of South Alabama, USA

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