Management of Concentrate from Desalination Plants

Management of Concentrate from Desalination Plants

1st Edition - August 15, 2020

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  • Authors: Nikolay Voutchkov, Gisela Kaiser
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128180464
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128180457

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Management of Concentrate from Desalination Plants provides an overview of the alternatives for managing concentrate generated by brackish water and seawater desalination plants, as well as site-specific factors involved in the selection of the most viable alternative for a given project, and the environmental permitting requirements and studies associated with their implementation. The book focuses on widely used alternatives for disposal of concentrate, including discharge to surface water bodies; disposal to the wastewater collection system; deep well injection; land application; evaporation; and zero liquid discharge. Direct discharge through new outfall; discharge through existing wastewater treatment plant outfall; and co-disposal with the cooling water of existing coastal power plant are thoroughly described, and design guidance for the use of these concentrate disposal alternatives is presented with engineers and practitioners in the field of desalination in mind. Key advantages, disadvantages, environmental impact issues, and possible solutions are presented for each discharge alternative. Easy-to-use graphs depicting construction costs as a function of concentrate flow rate are provided for all key concentrate management alternatives.

Key Features

  • Gives a critical overview of the latest practices and technological advancements in managing concentrate
  • Discusses the relationship between concentrate quality and quantity and other desalination processes
  • Provides design and cost guidance information to assist practitioners with the selection and sizing of the most commonly practiced concentrate disposal alternatives


(Post)-graduate students and scientists in academia, chemical engineers specialized in desalination; desalination project planners, designers, and regulators working in the desalination, water reuse, and water treatment industry

Table of Contents

  • 1. Introduction
    2. Concentrate Sources and Characterization
    3. Surface Discharge of Concentrate (Discharge to Fresh Surface Waters, Oceans and Bays)
    4. Discharge to Sanitary Sewer
    5. Deep Well Injection
    6. Land application
    7. Evaporation ponds
    8. Zero liquid discharge concentrate disposal systems
    9. Beneficial use of concentrate by-products
    10. Regional concentrate management

Product details

  • No. of pages: 292
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2020
  • Published: August 15, 2020
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128180464
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128180457

About the Authors

Nikolay Voutchkov

Nikolay Voutchkov has over 25 years of experience in the field of desalination and water reuse as an independent technical advisor to public utilities implementing large desalination projects in Australia, USA, and the Middle East; and to private companies and investors involved in the development of advanced membrane technologies. He has extensive expertise with all phases of project delivery: from conceptual scoping, pilot testing and feasibility analysis; to front-end and detailed project design; permitting; contractor procurement; project construction and operations oversight/asset management. For over 11 years he served as a Chief Technology Officer and Corporate Technical Director for Poseidon Resources, a private company involved in the development of the largest seawater desalination projects in the USA. Mr. Voutchkov has co-authored 11 books on membrane water treatment and desalination, including technology and design guidelines for the American Water Works Association. In recognition of his research and engineering efforts in the field of seawater desalination, he received a number of prestigious awards from the WateReuse Research Association, the International Desalination Association, the International Water Association, and the American Academy of Environmental Engineers.

Affiliations and Expertise

Water Globe Consultants, LLC, Winter Springs, Florida, USA

Gisela Kaiser

Gisela Kaiser works at Water Globe Consultants, LLC in Cape Town, South Africa.

Affiliations and Expertise

Water Globe Consultants, LLC, Cape Town, South Africa

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  • Paul H. Thu Sep 09 2021

    Management of Concentrate from Desalination Plants

    Thorough overview from experts, with good case studies