Mammalian Protein Metabolism

Mammalian Protein Metabolism

Volume II

1st Edition - January 1, 1964

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  • Editors: H. N. Munro, J. B. Allison
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272917

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Description

Mammalian Protein Metabolism, Volume II focuses on the processes, methodologies, and reactions involved in mammalian protein metabolism, including toxicities, amino acid imbalance, and digestion and absorption. The selection first offers information on the nutritive value of dietary proteins, amino acid toxicities and imbalances, and protein requirements. Discussions focus on the protein requirements of adults, infants, and children, amino acid requirements, protein requirements in pregnancy, amino acid imbalance, mixed diets, and nutritive value and maintenance. The text then ponders on protein metabolism and requirements in pregnancy and lactation and protein metabolism and requirements in the newborn. The publication examines protein metabolism and requirements in the elderly; anomalies of amino acid metabolism; and physical injury and its effects on protein metabolism. Topics include general disturbance of protein metabolism following physical injury, nature of inflammatory reaction, acquired disturbances of amino acid metabolism, plasma proteins, nitrogen balance, digestion and absorption, and protein withdrawal. The text then elaborates on protein metabolism and tumor growth, experimental protein-calorie deficiency, and the clinical aspects of protein malnutrition. The selection is a dependable source of data for researchers interested in mammalian protein metabolism.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Contents of Volume I

    Part II Nutritional Aspects of Protein Metabolism

    An Introduction to Nutritional Aspects of Protein Metabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. Measurement of Quantity and Quality of Dietary Protein

    III. Assessment of Protein Requirements

    References

    Chapter 12 The Nutritive Value of Dietary Proteins

    I. Introduction

    II. Nutritive Value and Growth

    III. Nutritive Value and Maintenance

    IV. Mixed Diets

    V. Depletion and Repletion

    VI. Reference Patterns of Amino Acids

    References

    Chapter 13 Amino Acid Toxicities and Imbalances

    I. Introduction

    II. Amino Acid Imbalance

    III. Amino Acids in Excess

    IV. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 14 Protein Requirements

    I. Introduction

    II. Technical Problems

    III. Protein Requirements of Adults

    IV. Protein Requirements in Pregnancy and Lactation

    V. Protein Requirements of Infants and Children

    VI. Amino Acid Requirements

    VII. Summary

    References

    Chapter 15 Protein Metabolism and Requirements in Pregnancy and Lactation

    I. Introduction

    II. Rates of Protein Synthesis in Pregnancy and Lactation

    III. The Comparative Biology of Pregnancy and Lactation

    IV. Pregnancy

    V. Lactation

    References

    Chapter 16 Protein Metabolism and Requirements in the Newborn

    I. Growth and Mother's Milk

    II. Amino Acid Requirements

    III. Molecular Protein Metabolism

    IV. Immaturity of Organs

    V. Renal Function, Food, and Growth

    References

    Chapter 17 Protein Metabolism and Requirements in the Elderly

    I. Introduction

    II. Plasma Proteins

    III. Nitrogen Balance

    IV. Anabolic Agents

    V. Requirement and Allowance

    VI. Protein Withdrawal

    VII. Amino Acids

    VIII. Digestion and Absorption

    IX. Loss of Cell Function vs. Cell Death

    X. Deoxyribonucleic Acid and Ribonucleic Acid

    XI. Concluding Remarks and Recommendations

    References

    Part III Pathological Aspects of Protein Metabolism

    A General Survey of Pathological Changes in Protein Metabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. Abnormalities of Protein Metabolism in the Alimentary Tract

    III. Changes in Intermediary Protein Metabolism Associated with Disease

    IV. Conditions Directly Affecting the Mechanism of Protein Synthesis

    V. Changes in the Protein Metabolism of Individual Organs and Tissues

    VI. Protein Intake and Disease

    VII. Effects of Treatment on the Course of Protein Metabolism

    References

    Chapter 18 Anomalies of Amino Acid Metabolism

    I. Introduction: Classification of Anomalies of Amino Acid Metabolism

    II. The Congenital Anomalies

    III. Acquired Disturbances of Amino Acid Metabolism

    References

    Chapter 19 Physical Injury and its Effects on Protein Metabolism

    I. Introduction

    II. The Nature of the Inflammatory Reaction

    III. The General Response to Physical Injury: Traumatic Shock

    IV. The General Disturbance of Protein Metabolism following Physical Injury

    V. Physical Injury and Endocrine Function

    VI. Nutrition of the Injured

    VII. Conclusions

    References

    Chapter 20 Protein Metabolism and Tumor Growth

    I. Introduction

    II. The Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism of Tumors

    III. Protein Metabolism in Precancerous Tissue

    IV. The Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism of the Tumor-Bearing Host

    V. Mechanism of Tumor Action on the Protein Metabolism of the Host

    References

    Chapter 21 Experimental Protein-Calorie Deficiency

    I. Introduction: Objectives, and Nomenclature and Definition of Syndromes in Man and Animals

    II. Diets Used in Experimental Studies

    III. Body Size and Composition

    IV. Blood

    V. Urine

    VI. Gastrointestinal Tract

    VII. Liver

    VIII. Endocrine Glands

    IX. Carbohydrate Metabolism

    X. Bones and Teeth

    XI. Central Nervous System

    XII. Other Tissues

    XIII. Reproduction

    XIV. Nutrition and Zymotic Factors in Disease

    XV. Summary

    References

    Chapter 22 Clinical Aspects of Protein Malnutrition

    I. Introduction

    II. Protein-Calorie Malnutrition in Children

    III. Protein Malnutrition in Adults

    References

    Chapter 23 Protein Deficiency and Infective Disease

    I. Introduction

    II. Evidence of the Effect of Protein Malnutrition on Infection

    III. Determinants of the Effect of Protein Nutrition on Infection

    IV. Summary

    References

    Author Index

    SUbject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 658
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1964
  • Published: January 1, 1964
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272917

About the Editors

H. N. Munro

J. B. Allison

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