Mammalian Olfaction, Reproductive Processes, and Behavior

Mammalian Olfaction, Reproductive Processes, and Behavior

1st Edition - January 1, 1976

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  • Editor: Richard Doty
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323154505

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Description

Mammalian Olfaction, Reproductive Processes, and Behavior presents the conceptual, methodological, and empirical advances in the study of the complex interactions between nasal chemoreception, sexual behavior, and endocrine function in mammals. It focuses on the orders Artiodactyla, Perissodactyla, Carnivora, Rodentia, and Primates. The book describes techniques for producing anosmia in laboratory animals and the usefulness of the popular pheromone concept in describing chemosensory influences on mammalian behavior and endocrinology. It also reviews studies examining reproductive endocrine-olfactory interactions in humans. Moreover, the book discusses the anatomy, physiology, and development of the olfactory and vomeronasal systems. This book is invaluable to anatomists, endocrinologists, mammalogists, physiologists, psychologists, and zoologists not only as a source book, but as a textbook on chemosensation as well.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    1 Introduction

    Text

    References

    2 New Perspectives on the Morphology of the Olfactory System: Olfactory and Vomeronasal Pathways in Mammals

    I. Introduction

    II. The Hippocampus and the Sense of Smell

    III. Olfactory System Connections in the Thalamus and Amygdala

    IV. The Vomeronasal Pathway and the Concept ofa Dual Olfactory System

    V. The Olfacto-Striatum

    References

    3 Olfactory Influences on Neuroendocrine Function in Mammals

    I. Introduction

    II. Olfactory Coding

    III. Central Olfactory Processing

    IV. Conclusion

    References

    4 Olfactory Contributions to Behavioral Development in Rodents

    I. Introduction

    II. Pre- and Postnatal Anatomical Development

    III. Ontogeny of Olfactory Sensitivity

    IV. Olfactory Control of Behavior in Altricial Young

    V. Biological and Psychological Consequences of Early Olfactory Experience

    VI. Summary

    References

    5 Olfactory Impairment, Olfactory Bulb Removal , and Mammalian Reproduction

    I. Introduction

    II. Methods for Producing Olfactory Impairment

    III. Methods for Verifying Olfactory Impairment

    IV. Effects of Olfactory Impairment on Reproduction

    V. Conclusions

    References

    6 Urine Marking in Mice: Causes and Effects

    I. Introduction

    II. What Should Be Expected of Chemical-Olfactory Communication in Mice?

    III. The Utility of the Pheromone Concept

    IV. Urine Marking by Male Mice

    V. The Elicitation and Regulation of Marking Behavior

    VI. Behavioral Responses to Male Urine and Their Regulation

    VII. Physiological Responses to Male Urine and Their Regulation

    VIII. Male -> Female Olfactory Communication

    References

    7. The Pheromone Concept in Mammalian Chemical Communication : A Critique

    I. Introduction

    II. Original Definition of the Term

    III. Apparent Criteria Used in Defining Mammalian Pheromones

    IV. Reports of Isolation of Mammalian Pheromones

    V. Chemical Complexity: Theoretical Expectations

    VI. Behavioral Complexity: The Role of Context

    VII. Behavioral Complexity: The Role of Experience

    VIII. Behavioral Complexity: Individual Recognition

    IX. Are Chemical Signals Unique?

    ?. Conclusions

    References

    8 Agonistic Behavior, Sexual Attraction, and Olfaction in Mice

    I. Introduction

    II. A General Communication Model for Animal Social Interaction

    III. Experimental Analyses of Olfactory Information Flow

    IV. Concluding Remarks

    References

    9. Some Ecological Implications of Primer Chemical Stimuli in Rodents

    I. Introduction

    II. Social Structure in Populations of Small Rodents

    III. The Primer Effects

    IV. Conclusion

    References

    10 Olfaction and Reproductive Behavior in Microtine Rodents

    I. Introduction

    II. Reproductive Biology

    III. Neuroendocrine Mediated Response to Odors

    IV. Effects of a Strange or Unfamiliar Male

    V. Behavioral Response to Odors

    VI. Summary and Remaining Questions

    References

    11 Olfaction and Reproduction in Ungulates

    I. Introduction

    II. Olfaction and Social Organization

    III. Olfaction and Mating Ceremonies

    IV. Olfaction and the Mother-Young Bond

    V. Summary

    References

    12 Chemical Communication and Reproduction in Domestic Mammals

    I. Introduction

    II. The Role of Chemical Communication in Reproductive Behavior

    III. Exteroceptive Chemical Influences upon Reproductive Physiology in Domestic Mammals

    IV. Conclusions

    References

    13 Chemical Communication and Reproductive Processes in Nonhuman Primates

    I. Introduction

    II. The Chemical "Fingerprint" of the Individual

    III. Implied Functions of Chemical Stimuli in Reproduction

    References

    14 Communication by Chemical Signals in Canidae

    I. Introduction

    II. Field Studies

    III. Laboratory Studies

    IV. Conclusions

    References

    15 Reproductive Endocrine Influences upon Human Nasal Chemoreception: A Review

    I. Introduction

    II. Sex Differences in Sensitivity to Odorants

    III. Changes in Odor Perception accompanying Changes in Reproductive Status

    IV. Changes in Odor Sensitivity accompanying or following Castration and/or Administration of Gonadal Steroids

    V. Conclusions

    VI. Appendix: Threshold Measurement Descriptions

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index






Product details

  • No. of pages: 356
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1976
  • Published: January 1, 1976
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323154505

About the Editor

Richard Doty

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