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Making Hands - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780128205440

Making Hands

1st Edition

A history of prosthetic arms

Author: Peter Kyberd
Paperback ISBN: 9780128205440
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st November 2021
Page Count: 300
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Making Hands: A History of Prosthetic Arms provides a comprehensive, historical accounting on the development of upper extremity prostheses that includes a global scope. Different aspects surrounding the development of key aspects of prostheses, mechanisms, control, hands and elbows are described. The field is broad and requires knowledge from a disparate range of disciplines. In addition, sections cover necessary background to give researchers and professionals what they need to learn about adjacent fields. The author's expertise on body powered and externally powered prostheses makes this a very comprehensive resource on the topic.

Key Features

  • Covers research and technological innovation in the development of upper limb prostheses
  • Introduces upper limb prosthetics from the different perspectives of biology, engineering, clinical practice and industry
  • Discusses innovations of the last decade, rapid manufacture, the 'citizen engineer', and how these things may shape prosthetics in the future


Biomedical engineers, prosthetists, and occupational therapists

Table of Contents

1 Upper Limb Prosthetics
Anthropomorphic prostheses
Body Powered Devices
Externally Powered Devices
No Prostheses
Causes of Absence
The User Population
Arm Transplants
The Prosthetic Professions
Prosthesis Manufacturers
Paediatric Prosthetics
The Literature, Media and Prosthetics

2 The Hand
The Anatomy of the Hand
The Control of the Human Arm
The Design of Upper Limb Prostheses
Power Sources
Tools for Measurement

3 Early History of Upper Limb Prostheses
Petit Lorrain Hand (1840)
The Carnes Arm (1904)
APRL Hand (1945)
The Vaduz Hand (circa 1950)
IBM Electric Arm Project (1945-1951)
Myoelectric Control
The Russian Hand (1958)
The Bottomley Hand (1965)
The Thalidomide Legacy

4 Body Powered Prostheses
Research in Body Powered Prostheses
Therapeutic Recreational Systems (TRS)
Creating the Cobra
Dick Plettenburg and the Dutch Perspective

5 Externally Powered Prostheses
Power sources
The generation of and use of EMG signals
Myoelectric signals used in a prosthesis
Pattern Recognition
Multifunction hands
Development of myoelectric systems

6 A Tale of Two Elbows
The Boston Arm
The Origins of the Boston Arm
T Walley Williams III
William Hansen
The Utah Arm
Stephen Jacobsen
Harold Sears
Ed Iversen
The Future for Motion Control

7 The Edinburgh arm and the i-Limb hand
David Simpson
David Gow

8 Otto Bock
Recent developments
Michelangelo Hand

9 Canadian Upper Limb Prosthetics Research
Ontario Crippled Children’s Centre
Paediatric hand development in Toronto
Institute of Biomedical Engineering, UNB

10 Hands from Chicago
The Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago
Targeted Muscle Reinnervation
Center for Bionic Medicine (CBM)

11 Prosthetics in Europe
The Sven Hand
The United Kingdom
Mark Hunter
Adding a Computer to Prosthetics
The Southampton Hand
The Southampton Arm
The Vincent Hand

12 New Era Prosthetics


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2021
1st November 2021
Academic Press
Paperback ISBN:

About the Author

Peter Kyberd

From 1990, Peter Kyberd worked in Orthopaedic Engineering, including prosthetics, at the Nuffield Orthopaedic Hospital in Oxford, UK. In 2003 he became Canada Research Chair at the Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Canada, a world leader in Upper Limb Prosthetics, until 2014. Since 2015 he has returned to the UK to be head of engineering, first at Greenwich University and now Portsmouth University.

Affiliations and Expertise

Head of Engineering, University of Portsmouth, UK

Ratings and Reviews