Magnetospheric Imaging

Magnetospheric Imaging

Understanding the Space Environment through Global Measurements

1st Edition - December 4, 2021

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  • Editors: Yaireska Collado-Vega, Dennis Gallagher, Harald Frey, Simon Wing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323858144
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128206300

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Magnetospheric Imaging: Understanding the Space Environment through Global Measurements is a state-of-the-art resource on new and advanced techniques and technologies used in measuring and examining the space environment on a global scale. Chapters detail this emergent field by exploring optical imaging, ultraviolet imaging, energetic neutral atom imaging, X-ray imaging, radio frequency imaging, and magnetic field imaging. Each technique is clearly described, with details about the technologies involved, how they work, and both their opportunities and limitations. Magnetospheric imaging is still a relatively young capability in magnetospheric research, hence this book is an ideal resource on this burgeoning field of study. This book is a comprehensive resource for understanding where the field stands, as well as providing a stepping stone for continued advancement of the field, from developing new techniques, to applying techniques on other planetary bodies.

Key Features

  • Summarizes and reviews significant progress in the field of magnetospheric imaging
  • Covers all of the techniques and technologies available, including a basic overview of each, as well as what it can accomplish, how it works, what its limitations are, and how it might be improved
  • Details ways for measuring the space environment on a global scale, what physical measurements various technologies can provide, and how they can be effectively used


Researchers and graduate students in Space and Planetary Science

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of contributors
  • Introductory chapter: imaging–a new perspective for magnetospheric research
  • Potential of global imaging
  • Global context of the chapters
  • Future missions
  • Chapter 1. Ground-based all-sky imaging techniques for auroral observations and space weather research
  • 1. Overview
  • 2. Applications of ground-based all-sky imaging technique
  • 3. Auroral processes
  • 4. Auroral imaging of the magnetosphere
  • 5. Multispectral auroral imaging
  • 6. JHU/APL GoIono GBO and all-sky imagers
  • 7. Summary
  • Chapter 2. Energetic neutral atom imaging of the terrestrial global magnetosphere
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. History
  • 3. ENA production mechanisms
  • 4. Measurement techniques
  • 5. Ring current and plasma sheet
  • 6. ENA imaging of ionospheric outflow
  • 7. Inversion techniques
  • 8. Summary and future directions
  • Chapter 3. Making the invisible visible: X-ray imaging
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. The governing equations and their inputs
  • 3. Considerations
  • 4. Instruments
  • 5. Simulations
  • 6. Extracting information
  • 7. Future missions
  • 8. Summary
  • Chapter 4. Radio-frequency imaging techniques for ionospheric, magnetospheric, and planetary studies
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Radio remote-sensing techniques
  • 3. Applications of radio techniques to imaging
  • 4. Future capabilities
  • 5. Conclusions
  • Chapter 5. Magnetospheric imaging via ground-based optical instruments
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Instrumentation
  • 3. Technique
  • 4. Conclusion
  • Chapter 6. The future of plasmaspheric extreme ultraviolet (EUV) imaging
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Imaging of terrestrial He+ (30.4 nm)
  • 3. Imaging of terrestrial O+ and O++ (83.4 nm)
  • 4. Imaging S++ in the Io plasma torus (near 68 nm)
  • 5. Summary and closing remarks
  • Chapter 7. Imaging the magnetosphere–ionosphere system with ground-based and in-situ magnetometers
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Magnetometers
  • 3. Field-aligned and ionospheric currents
  • 4. Signal processing techniques for quantifying and imaging magnetosphere and ionosphere waves
  • 5. Imaging the magnetosphere with wave power
  • 6. Field line resonances
  • 7. Substorm dynamics
  • 8. Future concepts
  • 9. Summary
  • Chapter 8. Imaging the plasma sheet from ionospheric observations
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Method for inferring plasma sheet ion T, n, and p from ionospheric observations
  • 3. An example of a case study: May 25, 1997 event
  • 4. Examples of statistical studies
  • 5. Discussion and summary
  • Chapter 9. Imaging Earth's magnetospheric transient and background synchrotron emission with lunar near side radio arrays
  • 1. Introduction
  • 2. Transient emission
  • 3. Synchrotron emission
  • 4. Simulating the performance of a lunar radio array
  • 5. Noise sources
  • 6. Localizing magnetospheric transients with PRIME
  • 7. Localizing magnetospheric transients with FARSIDE
  • 8. Imaging Earth's synchrotron emission
  • 9. Conclusions
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 428
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2021
  • Published: December 4, 2021
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323858144
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128206300

About the Editors

Yaireska Collado-Vega

Yaireska Collado-Vega is a scientist and the director of the Moon to Mars Space Weather Office. The Moon to Mars Space Weather Office (M2M) was established to support NASA’s Space Radiation Analysis Group (SRAG) with human space exploration activities by providing expert based analysis of the space radiation environment. The office also supports NASA robotic missions by providing space weather notifications and anomaly assessments. Other parts of her research interest involve identifying Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability boundary waves and Flux Transfer Events at the Earth’s magnetopause boundary. She is also part of the development of a Soft X-Ray Magnetosphere Imager inter-divisional team at NASA GSFC. She has worked for NASA for 17 years.

Affiliations and Expertise

Scientist and Director, Moon to Mars Space Weather Office, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, MD, USA

Dennis Gallagher

Dennis Gallagher has worked for NASA since 1984. He has worked in a variety of areas including the study of low frequency plasma waves, including ion acoustic waves, terrestrial micropulsations, wave-packet bursts upstream of the Jovian bow shock, and dust impacts during transit of the Saturnian ring plane. His primary work has involved the study of cold plasma transport, modeling, and imaging.

Affiliations and Expertise

NASA George C. Marshall Space Flight Center, USA

Harald Frey

Harald Frey is a Research Physicist at Berkeley’s Space Sciences Laboratory. His research interests in space physics concentrate on the connection between the outer magnetosphere and the ionosphere of Earth established by plasma processes in the upper atmosphere and ionosphere. This includes observations of aurora and airglow, as well as the combination of satellite and ground data and investigating the dynamics and creation of auroral arcs.

Affiliations and Expertise

Research Physicist, Berkeley’s Space Sciences Laboratory, University of California Berkeley, USA

Simon Wing

Simon Wing has more than 20 years’ experience in space physics and space weather. He has authored and co-authored over 100 papers and over 300 talks, and developed the Wing Kp Model that runs at several space weather centers around the world. He also developed a technique for imaging plasma sheet ion properties from ionospheric observations. He is currently a Principal Staff Physicist at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory.

Affiliations and Expertise

Principal Staff Physicist, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory; Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Maryland University College, MD, USA

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