Magmas Under Pressure

Magmas Under Pressure

Advances in High-Pressure Experiments on Structure and Properties of Melts

1st Edition - April 6, 2018

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  • Editors: Yoshio Kono, Chrystèle Sanloup
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128113011
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128112748

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Description

Magmas under Pressure: Advances in High-Pressure Experiments on Structure and Properties of Melts summarizes recent advances in experimental technologies for studying magmas at high pressures. In the past decade, new developments in high-pressure experiments, particularly with synchrotron X-ray techniques, have advanced the study of magmas under pressure. These new experiments have revealed significant changes of structure and physical properties of magmas under pressure, which significantly improves our understanding of the behavior of magmas in the earth’s interior. This book is an important reference, not only in the earth and planetary sciences, but also in other scientific fields, such as physics, chemistry, material sciences, engineering and in industrial applications, such as glass formation and metallurgical processing.

Key Features

  • Includes research and examples of high-pressure technologies for studying the structure and properties of magma
  • Summarizes the current knowledge on the structure and properties of high-pressure magma
  • Highlights the importance of magma in understanding the evolution of the earth’s interior

Readership

Primary: Geochemists, geophysicists, earth scientists, mineralogists, and petrologists

Secondary: Physicists, chemists and material scientists

Table of Contents

  • Magmas in the Earth’s interior
    1. Primary mantle melts
    Stephen Foley and Zsanett Pinter
    2. Carbon-bearing magmas in the Earth’s deep interior
    Konstantin D. Litasov and Anton Shatskiy
    3. The influence of pressure on the properties and origins of hydrous silicate liquids in Earth's interior 
    Craig Manning
    4. Melting in the Earth’s deep interior
    Guillaume Fiquet

    Advances in experimental studies of melts at high pressures
    5. X-ray diffraction structure measurement
    Chrystèle Sanloup and Charlotte de Grouchy
    6. X-ray absorption spectroscopy measurement
    Max Wilke
    7. Synchrotron Mossbauer spectroscopy measurement
    Takaya Mitsui
    8. Vibrational properties of glasses and melts
    Wim Malfait
    9. Density and elasticity measurements for liquid materials
    Hidenori Terasaki and Keisuke Nishida
    10. Viscosity measurement
    Yoshio Kono
    11. Electrical conductivity measurement
    Takashi Yoshino

    Current knowledge on structure and properties of magmas under pressure
    12. Structure and properties of silicate magmas
    Tatsuya Sakamaki
    13. Densification mechanisms of oxide glasses and melts
    Philip Stephen Salmon
    14. Silicate glasses under ultrahigh pressure conditions
    Motohiko Murakami
    15. Melts under extreme conditions from shock experiments
    Paul D. Asimow
    16. Simulation of silicate magmas under pressure
    Bijaya B. Karki, Dipta Bhanu Ghosh and Suraj K. Bajgain

Product details

  • No. of pages: 514
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2018
  • Published: April 6, 2018
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780128113011
  • eBook ISBN: 9780128112748

About the Editors

Yoshio Kono

Yoshio Kono is a beamline scientist at a synchrotron X-ray facility (HPCAT at the Advanced Photon Source) in the USA. He manages an X-ray experimental station for high-pressure studies of melts. He studies structure and physical properties of not only magmas in Earth science but also liquids and amorphous materials in physics and material sciences. He received Ph.D. in environmental and natural sciences at Yokohama National University, Japan, at 2006.

Affiliations and Expertise

Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, USA

Chrystèle Sanloup

Chrystèle Sanloup is a professor of Earth sciences in Paris (Sorbonne Université), France. Her main interests are the chemical and physical properties of geomaterials at the extreme pressure and temperature conditions found in planetary interiors. She is specialized in in situ X-ray synchrotron based techniques, in particular for the measurement of melts properties. She received a PhD in Universe Sciences at Ecole Normale Superieure de Lyon, France, 2000.

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor, Institute of Earth Sciences, University Pierre and Marie Curie, Paris, France

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