Machining Technology for Composite Materials

Machining Technology for Composite Materials

Principles and Practice

1st Edition - November 28, 2011
  • Editor: H Hocheng
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095145
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857090300

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Machining processes play an important role in the manufacture of a wide variety of components. While the processes required for metal components are well-established, they cannot always be applied to composite materials, which instead require new and innovative techniques. Machining technology for composite materials provides an extensive overview and analysis of both traditional and non-traditional methods of machining for different composite materials.The traditional methods of turning, drilling and grinding are discussed in part one, which also contains chapters analysing cutting forces, tool wear and surface quality. Part two covers non-traditional methods for machining composite materials, including electrical discharge and laser machining, among others. Finally, part three contains chapters that deal with special topics in machining processes for composite materials, such as cryogenic machining and processes for wood-based composites.With its renowned editor and distinguished team of international contributors, Machining technology for composite materials is an essential reference particularly for process designers and tool and production engineers in the field of composite manufacturing, but also for all those involved in the fabrication and assembly of composite structures, including the aerospace, marine, civil and leisure industry sectors.

Key Features

  • Provides an extensive overview of machining methods for composite materials
  • Chapters analyse cutting forces, tool wear and surface quality
  • Cryogenic machining and processes for wood based composites are discussed


Process designers and tool and production engineers in the field of composite manufacturing, but also for all those involved in the fabrication and assembly of composite structures, including the aerospace, marine, civil and leisure industry sectors.

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Part I: Traditional methods for machining composite materials

    Chapter 1: Turning processes for metal matrix composites


    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 Turning of metal matrix composites (MMCs)

    1.3 Cutting tools for turning Al/SiC based MMCs

    1.4 Cutting with rotary tools

    1.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 2: Drilling processes for composites


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Delamination analysis

    2.3 Delamination analysis of special drills

    2.4 Delamination analysis of compound drills

    2.5 Delamination measurement and assessment

    2.6 Influence of drilling parameters on drilling-induced delamination

    2.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 3: Grinding processes for polymer matrix composites


    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Applications of grinding processes for composites

    3.3 Problems associated with the grinding of composites

    3.4 Various factors affecting the grinding of composites

    3.5 Future trends

    3.6 Sources of further information

    Chapter 4: Analysing cutting forces in machining processes for polymer-based composites


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Orthogonal cutting of unidirectional composites

    4.3 Drilling

    4.4 Milling

    4.5 Conclusions and recommended future research

    4.6 Sources of further information

    4.8 Appendix: List of symbols used

    Chapter 5: Tool wear in machining processes for composites


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Tool materials

    5.3 Tool wear

    5.4 Tool wear in machining metal matrix composites

    5.5 Tool wear in machining polymeric matrix composites

    5.6 Tool life

    5.7 Conclusions

    Chapter 6: Analyzing surface quality in machined composites


    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 General concepts of an engineering surface

    6.3 Surface quality in machining

    6.4 Influence of cutting parameters on surface quality

    6.5 Conclusions

    Part II: Non-traditional methods for machining composite materials

    Chapter 7: Ultrasonic vibration-assisted (UV-A) machining of composites


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Ultrasonic vibration-assisted (UV-A) turning

    7.3 UV-A drilling

    7.4 UV-A grinding

    7.5 Ultrasonic machining (USM)

    7.6 Rotary ultrasonic machining (RUM)

    7.7 UV-A laser-beam machining (LBM)

    7.8 UV-A electrical discharge machining (EDM)

    7.9 Conclusions

    Chapter 8: Electrical discharge machining of composites


    8.1 Introduction

    8.2 Principles of electrical discharge machining (EDM)

    8.3 Electrically conductive ceramic materials and composites

    8.4 EDM of ceramic composites: understanding the process–material interaction

    8.5 New generator technology for EDM

    8.6 EDM strategies and applications

    8.7 Conclusions

    8.8 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 9: Electrochemical discharge machining of particulate reinforced metal matrix composites


    9.1 Introduction

    9.2 The principles of electrochemical discharge machining (ECDM)

    9.3 ECDM equipment

    9.4 Parameters affecting material removal rate (MRR)

    9.5 Parameters affecting surface roughness

    9.6 Conclusions

    9.7 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 10: Fundamentals of laser machining of composites


    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Fundamentals of laser machining

    10.3 Laser machining of metal matrix composites (MMCs)

    10.4 Laser machining of non-metallic composites

    10.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 11: Laser machining of fibre-reinforced polymeric composite materials


    11.1 Introduction

    11.2 Effect of laser and process gas

    11.3 Effect of materials

    11.4 Quality criteria

    11.5 Conclusions

    Chapter 12: Laser-based repair for carbon fiber reinforced composites


    12.1 Introduction

    12.2 Carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) repair principles

    12.3 UV laser–CFRP interaction

    12.4 The laser-based repair process for CFRP

    12.5 Conclusions

    Part III: Special topics in machining composite materials

    Chapter 13: High speed machining processes for fiber-reinforced composites


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 Overview of high speed drilling (HSD) of fiber-reinforced polymers (FRPs)

    13.3 Thermal aspects and cutting forces in HSD of FRPs

    13.4 Tribological aspects in HSD of FRPs

    13.5 Hole quality

    13.6 Overview of high speed milling of FRPs

    13.7 Dynamic characteristics in high speed milling of FRPs

    13.8 Cutting forces and thermal aspect in high speed milling of FRPs

    13.9 Surface quality and geometrical errors

    Chapter 14: Cryogenic machining of composites


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Key aspects of cryogenic science

    14.3 State-of-the-art cryogenic machining

    14.4 Cryogenic machinability of composite materials

    14.5 Conclusions

    14.6 Acknowledgments

    Chapter 15: Analyzing the machinability of metal matrix composites

    Chapter 16: Machining processes for wood-based composite materials

    Chapter 17: Machining metal matrix composites using diamond tools


    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Tool life, productivity and tool failure/wear mechanisms

    17.3 Machined surface and sub-surface integrity

    17.4 Chip formation and mechanics of machining

    17.5 Conclusions and future trends

    17.6 Acknowledgments


Product details

  • No. of pages: 488
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2011
  • Published: November 28, 2011
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857095145
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780857090300

About the Editor

H Hocheng

Hong Hocheng is a University Chair Professor in the Department of Power Mechanical Engineering at the National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan, ROC.

Affiliations and Expertise

National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan