Lysozyme - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780125289504, 9780323143677

Lysozyme

1st Edition

Editors: Elliott Osserman
eBook ISBN: 9780323143677
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1974
Page Count: 670
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Description

Lysozyme contains the proceedings of the Lysozyme Conference held in New York on October 29-31, 1972 on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the discovery of lysozyme by Sir Alexander Fleming. The papers explore the chemistry and structure of lysozymes, their interactions with substrates and inhibitors, and distribution in tissues. Changes associated with various disease states are also discussed, along with evidence indicating that lysozyme may significantly alter certain mammalian cell constituents.

Comprised of 42 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the structure of various lysozymes, including avian and mammalian lysozymes. The use of X-ray crystallography for lysozyme analysis is also considered. Subsequent chapters focus on the structure of bacterial cell walls; affinity labeling of lysozyme; substrate requirements of glycosidases for lytic activity on bacterial walls; and the solution behavior of hen egg white and human lysozyme. The role of lysozyme in hematology and its relation to myeloperoxidase and lactoferrin are also examined, together with lysozyme measurements in acute leukemia; serum and urine lysozyme in sarcoidosis; lysozyme as a component of human cartilage; and agglutination of rat liver mitochondria by lysozyme.

This monograph should be of interest to practitioners and researchers in the fields of biophysics, chemistry, microbiology, physiology, and clinical medicine.

Table of Contents


The Fleming-Lysozyme Medal


Personal Recollections of Lysozyme and Fleming


List of Contributors and Participants


Preface


Note on Nomenclature


Section 1 Structure of Lysozymes


1 Introduction


2 Crystallographic Studies of Lysozyme and Its Interactions with Inhibitors and Substrates


3 From Lysozymes to Chitinases: Structural, Kinetic, and Crystallographic Studies


4 Comparison of the Structures of Alpha-Lactalbumin and Lysozyme


5 Human Leukemia Lysozyme


6 The High Resolution X-Ray Study of Human Lysozyme: A Preliminary Analysis


7 Preliminary Biochemical Studies of the Lysozymes of the Black Swan, Cygnus Atratus


8 Sequence Studies of Mouse Lysozyme


9 Lysozyme Chalaropsis


10 Structural Aspects of Lysozyme—From the Viewpoint of an Antibody


11 Immunologie Comparison of the Active Site and the Loop Regions of Bird and Human Lysozymes


12 Antigenic Comparison of Animal Lysozymes


13 Immune Response to Lysozyme: Limited Heterogeneity Caused by Restricted T Cells


14 Multiple Genes for Lysozyme


Section 2 Structural Basis of Enzymatic and Nonenzymatic Behavior


15 Introduction


16 Structure of Bacterial Cell Walls: The Lysozyme Substrate


17 Substrate Requirements of Glycosidases for Lytic Activity on Bacterial Walls


18 Affinity Labeling of Lysozyme


19 New NMR Techniques for the Quantitative Determination of the Structure of Proteins in Solution Applied to Hen Egg-White Lysozyme (HEWL)


20 The NMR Detection of the Distorted Intermediate in the Lysozyme Catalyzed Cleavage of Cell Wall Tetrasaccharide


21 Kinetics and Mechanism of Binding of α- and ß-Methyl-D-Glucopyranosides to Concanavalin A as Studied by 13C-Carbon Magnetic Resonance: A Comp

Details

No. of pages:
670
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Academic Press 1974
Published:
Imprint:
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:
9780323143677

About the Editor

Elliott Osserman

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