Ludwig's Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants

4th Edition

Authors: A. Kayode Coker, PhD
Hardcover ISBN: 9780750685245
eBook ISBN: 9780080942421
Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing
Published Date: 30th December 2014
Page Count: 1296
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The fourth edition of Ludwig’s Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants, Volume Three is a core reference for chemical, plant, and process engineers and provides an unrivalled reference on methods, process fundamentals, and supporting design data.

New to this edition are expanded chapters on heat transfer plus additional chapters focused on the design of shell and tube heat exchangers, double pipe heat exchangers and air coolers. Heat tracer requirements for pipelines and heat loss from insulated pipelines are covered in this new edition, along with batch heating and cooling of process fluids, process integration, and industrial reactors. The book also looks at the troubleshooting of process equipment and corrosion and metallurgy.

Key Features

  • Assists engineers in rapidly analyzing problems and finding effective design methods and mechanical specifications
  • Definitive guide to the selection and design of various equipment types, including heat exchanger sizing and compressor sizing, with established design codes
  • Batch heating and cooling of process fluids supported by Excel programs


Process Engineers, Chemical Engineers, Petrochemical Engineers

Table of Contents

  • Dedication
  • Foreword
  • Preface to the Fourth Edition
  • Biography
  • Acknowledgments
  • Chapter 15. Heat Transfer
    • Types of Heat Transfer Equipment Terminology
    • Details of Exchange Equipment
    • Tube Vibration
    • Nozzle Connections to Shell and Heads
    • Types of Heat Exchange Operations
    • Temperature Difference: Two Fluid Transfer
    • Temperature for Fluid Properties Evaluation – Caloric Temperature
    • Pressure Drop, Δp
    • Heat Balance
    • Transfer Area
    • Fouling of Tube Surface
    • Overall Heat Transfer Coefficients for Plain or Bare Tubes
    • Approximate Values for Overall Heat Transfer Coefficients
    • Film Coefficients with Fluids Outside Tubes Forced Convection
    • Design and Rating of Heat Exchangers
    • Plate and Frame Heat Exchangers
    • Spiral Heat Exchangers
    • Miscellaneous Special Application Heat Transfer Equipment
    • Heat Loss for Bare Process Pipe
    • Air-Cooled Heat Exchangers
    • Rating Method for Air-Cooled Exchangers
    • Two-Phase Flow Patterns
    • Modes of Condensation
    • Boiling and Vaporization
    • Heat Transfer in Jacketed, Agitated Vessels/Kettles
    • Falling Film Liquid Flow in Tubes
    • Batch Heating and Cooling of Fluids
    • Heat Exchanger Design With Computers
    • Maintenance of Heat Exchangers
    • General Symptoms in Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers
    • Case Studies of Heat Exchangers Explosion Hazards Incidents
  • Chapter 16. Process Integration and Heat Exchanger Networks
    • Introduction
    • Heat Recovery Problem Identification
    • Energy Targets
    • The Heat Recovery Pinch and Its Significance
    • A Targeting Procedure: The Problem Table Algorithm
    • The Grand Composite Curve
    • Placing Utilities Using the Grand Composite Curve
    • Stream Matching at the Pinch
    • <li


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Gulf Professional Publishing
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About the Author

A. Kayode Coker, PhD

A. Kayode Coker, Ph.D., is an engineering Coordinator at Saudi Aramco Shell Refinery Company, in Jubail, Saudi Arabia and is a consultant for AKC Technology in the UK. Prior to this he was Chairman of the Chemical and Process Engineering Department at Jubail Industrial College. He has also been a chartered scientist and a chartered chemical engineer for over 30 years. Coker is a Fellow of the Institution of Chemical Engineers. UK, (C.Eng, CSci, FIChemE) and a senior member of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE). He holds a B.Sc. honors degree in Chemical Engineering, a Master of Science degree in Process Analysis and Development, and a Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering, all from Aston University, Birmingham, UK. He also has a Teachers’ Certificate in Education from the University of London, UK. He has directed and conducted short courses in both the UK and for SABIC industries in Saudi Arabia. His articles have been published in several international journals, he is an author of four books in chemical engineering and a contributor to the Encyclopaedia of Chemical Processing and Design, Vol. 61. Coker was named as one of the International Biographical Centre's Leading Engineers of the World 2008.

Affiliations and Expertise

Engineering Coordinator, Saudi Aramco Shell Refinery Company, Saudi Arabia


"...updated with new methods and contain a wealth of useful data…an excellent job of bringing this book up to date and ensuring that it continues to treat the subject from the perspective of industrial practice...a worthwhile addition to the library of any engineer engaged in process design or plant operations." --Chemical Engineering

"The new version retains the original material...but augments this content...presents excellent discussions of design problems...improves on the original product in quantity as well as quality of information...relevant to today’s engineering needs and requirements." --CEP Magazine

"...a true application-driven book. It provides clarity and easy access to essential process plant data and design information...covers a complete range of basic day to day chemical operation main elements."--tce

"Ludwig's Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants, Volume 3, Fourth Edition is a true application-driven book. It provides clarity and easy access to essential process plant data and design information. It actually covers a complete range of basis day to day chemical operation main elements. The biggest part of the book focuses on heat transfer and energy process integration. Practical elements of refrigeration, compressions and mechanical drivers are also presented. Furthermore, it contains an important and interesting chapter on both industrial and laboratory hazards. There is also a short metallurgy and corrosion chapter. The methods and fundamentals of plant design are complemented with supplemental mechanical and related data, charts and heuristics. This fourth edition is significantly expanded and updated, with new topics that ensure readers can analyze problems and find practical design methods and solution to accomplish their process design tasks. The very large overview means that this reference manual can be well-used by both academic