Living and Dying in the USA

1st Edition

Behavioral, Health, and Social Differentials of Adult Mortality

Authors: Richard Rogers Robert Hummer Charles Nam
Hardcover ISBN: 9780125931304
eBook ISBN: 9780080535555
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 1st September 1999
Page Count: 354
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The simplicity of using one data set in addressing the relationship of single variables to mortality distinguishes Living and Dying in the USA from other recent investigations of mortality. The authors use the recently released National Health Interview Survey and the National Death Index to make a definitive statement about demographics and mortality. By surveying demographic and sociocultural characteristics associated with mortality, socioeconomic effects, health-related conditions, and health status, they reveal connections among several factors related to mortality chances. Easily understood and cited, their study emphasizes the statistical methods underlying their revelations and invites readers to duplicate their results.

Key Features

@introbul:Key Features @bul:* Comprehensive coverage of US adult mortality differentials

  • Based on a new and innovative data set
  • Includes factors rarely examined in related mortality research
  • Not only documents mortality differentials, but explores explanations for them
  • Extensive list of references associated with each chapter
  • Consistent, straightforward methodology used throughout aids readers in both understanding the content and in comparing results from chapter to chapter


Upper-division undergraduates and graduate students in mortality and demography classes; those interested in gerontology and statistics.

Table of Contents

Prologue. Acknowledgments.

Introduction, Overview, and Data and Methods: Introduction and Overview. Factors Related to Mortality. Data Analysis. Data and Methods.

Demographic and Sociocultural Characteristics: The Sex Differential in Mortality. Race/Ethnicity, Nativity, and Adult Mortality. Family Composition and Mortality. Religious Attendance, Social Participation, and Adult Mortality.

Socioeconomic Factors: The Effects of Basic Socioeconomic Factors on Mortality. The Effect of Occupational Status on Mortality. Health Insurance Coverage and Mortality.

Health Conditions and Health Status. Perceived Health Status and Mortality: Functional Limitations and Mortality. Mental and Addictive Disorders and Mortality. Cigarette Smoking and Mortality. Alcohol Consumption and Mortality. Exercise and Mortality. The Influence of Other Health behaviors on Mortality. Conclusion. Epilogue. References. Author Index. Subject Index.


No. of pages:
© Academic Press 2000
Academic Press
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About the Author

Richard Rogers

Richard G. Rogers, Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Colorado, Boulder, publishes in demography, medical sociology, sociology of aging, and methods. He is Past President of the Southern Demographic Association.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Colorado, Boulder

Robert Hummer

Robert A. Hummer, Assistant Professor of Sociology at the University of Texas, Austin, received his Ph.D. from Florida State University. Prior to joining the University of Texas, he served as Assistant Professor and Senior Research Scientist at the Louisiana Population Data Center, Louisiana State University, and East Carolina University. His main research interests lie in the area of mortality differentials, health behavior and outcomes, race/ethnicity, socio-economic factors, and health, and population change.

Affiliations and Expertise

University of Texas, Austin, U.S.A.

Charles Nam

Charles B. Nam, Research Associate and Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus at the Center for the Study of Population, Florida State University, received his Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina. His interests include the study of mortality, population change, demography and social stratification.

Affiliations and Expertise

Florida State University, Tallahassee, U.S.A.


@qu:"The authors have provided an invaluable guide to the health and mortality landscape of modern America. In addition to valuable summaries of past research, they contribute a rich array of fresh results using the best available data. This study cannot be ignored by any serious scholar of demography or public health." @source:--SAMUEL H. PRESTON, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia @qu:"This book uses the annual, cross-sectional National Health Interview Surveys of adults aged 18+ who responded in 1986-94 and matches their responses to any death certificates filed on them in the Multiple Cause of Death file. It describes and explains how biological and socioeconomic factors in younger adults' lifestyles set the final stage for death in old age by specific medical causes. In these ways, it helps us understand why, even after three decades of Medicare, elderly Americans (the majority of all who die in the USA) live lifestyles in earlier stages that keep them alive longer if they have higher socioeconomic status in old age." @source:--NAN E. JOHNSON, Florida State University, Tallahassee @qu:"Living and Dying in the USA is a unique and valuable contribution to research on social and behavioral factors associated with mortality in the United States. Its authors are three eminent demographers who bring a wealth of relevant background and experience to bear on this analysis of mortality patterns using a single national dataset: the National Health Interview Survey matched to the Multiple Cause of Death file. The range of variables is large, from basic socioeconomic characteristics, to health insurance, mental health, smoking and drinking, and many others. The very large sample size permits certain analyses available nowhere else: for example, multivariate analysis of adult mortality by eight race/ethnic categories (including four Hispanic sub-groups), nativity, and other sociodemograp