Lithium-Ion Batteries - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444595133, 9780444595164

Lithium-Ion Batteries

1st Edition

Advances and Applications

Editors: Gianfranco Pistoia
eBook ISBN: 9780444595164
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444595133
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 31st January 2014
Page Count: 664
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Description

Lithium-Ion Batteries features an in-depth description of different lithium-ion applications, including important features such as safety and reliability. This title acquaints readers with the numerous and often consumer-oriented applications of this widespread battery type.

Lithium-Ion Batteries also explores the concepts of nanostructured materials, as well as the importance of battery management systems. This handbook is an invaluable resource for electrochemical engineers and battery and fuel cell experts everywhere, from research institutions and universities to a worldwide array of professional industries.

Key Features

  • Contains all applications of consumer and industrial lithium-ion batteries, including reviews, in a single volume
  • Features contributions from the world's leading industry and research experts
  • Presents executive summaries of specific case studies
  • Covers information on basic research and application approaches

Readership

An invaluable resource for electrochemical engineers and battery and fuel cell experts working in research institutions, universities and industries worldwide. Likely to be of secondary interest to scientists and engineers working in stand-alone (stationary) energy storage, communications, medical and defense applications; transportation and environmental economists; governmental policymakers; and managers at automobile manufacturers.

Table of Contents

Contributors

Preface

1. Development of the Lithium-Ion Battery and Recent Technological Trends

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Development of the Practical LIB

3 Development of Cathode Materials

4 Development of Anode Materials

5 Development of Electrolyte Solutions

6 Separator Technology

7 Conclusion

References

2. Past, Present and Future of Lithium-Ion Batteries: Can New Technologies Open up New Horizons?

Abstract

Nomenclature

1 Introduction

2 How LIB was Born?

3 Performance that Users Expect from LIB

4 Improvement of LIB

5 Can New Battery Technologies Open up Novel Horizons for LIB?

6 Conclusion

References

3. Fast Charging (up to 6C) of Lithium-Ion Cells and Modules: Electrical and Thermal Response and Life Cycle Tests

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 General Considerations and Requirements

3 Fast Charging Characteristics of Various Lithium Battery Chemistries

4 Fast Charging Tests of 50-Ah LTO Cells and Modules

References

4. Nanostructured Electrode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Abstract

Acknowledgments

1 Introduction

2 Nanoscale Effects in Intercalation-Based Electrode Materials

3 Nanostructured Lithium Metal Phosphates for Positive Electrodes

4 Titanium-Based Nanomaterials for Negative Electrodes

5 Conversion Electrodes

6 Lithium Alloys for Negative Electrodes

7 Carbon Nanostructures as Active Materials in Negative Electrodes

8 Carbon-Based Nanocomposites

9 Conclusion

References

5. EVs and HEVs: The Need and Potential Functions of Batteries for Future Systems

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Power Performance Analysis of Batteries

3 Basic Performance Design of Vehicles

4 Thermal Analysis and Design

5 Battery Pack System Establishment

6 High-Power Performance of Lithium-Ion Batteries

References

6. Manufacturing Costs of Batteries for Electric Vehicles

Abstract

Acknowledgments

1 Introduction

2 Performance and Cost Model

3 Battery Parameters Affecting Cost

4 Uncertainty in Point Price Estimates

5 Effect of Manufacturing Scale

6 Outlook

References

7. Lithium-Ion Battery Packs for EVs

Abstract

Nomenclature

1 Introduction

2 Lithium-Ion Battery Design Considerations

3 Rechargeable Energy Storage Systems

4 Testing and Analysis

5 Applications of Electric Vehicle Rechargeable Energy Storage Systems

6 Conclusions

References

8. The Voltec System—Energy Storage and Electric Propulsion

Abstract

Nomenclature

Acknowledgments

1 Introduction

2 A Brief History of Electric Vehicles

3 Extended-Range Electric Vehicles

4 The Voltec Propulsion System

5 Voltec Drive Unit and Vehicle Operation Modes

6 Battery Operation Strategy

7 Development and Validation Processes

8 Vehicle Field Experience

9 Summary

References

9. Transit Bus Applications of Lithium-Ion Batteries: Progress and Prospects

Abstract

Nomenclature

1 Introduction

2 Integration of Lithium-Ion Batteries in Electric Drive Buses

3 Examples of HEB/EB Transit Buses with LIB-Based Rechargeable Energy Storage Systems (RESS)

4 Lessons Learned, Progress, and Prospects

References

10. EVs and HEVs Using Lithium-Ion Batteries

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 HEVs

3 BEVs and EREVs

4 Electric Microcars

5 New Concepts of Urban Transport Vehicles

6 Conclusions

11. The Challenge of PHEV Battery Design and the Opportunities of Electrothermal Modeling

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Theory

3 Setup Description

4 Model Parameter Extraction

5 Results and Discussion

6 Conclusions

Appendix

References

12. Solid-State Lithium-Ion Batteries for Electric Vehicles

Abstract

Acknowledgments

1 Introduction

2 All-Solid-State Lithium-Ion Batteries

3 Conclusions

References

13. Lithium-Ion Batteries for Storage of Renewable Energies and Electric Grid Backup

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Applications

3 System Concepts and Topologies

4 Components and Requirements

5 Conclusions

References

14. Satellite Lithium-Ion Batteries

Abstract

Nomenclature

Acknowledgments

1 Introduction

2 Satellite Missions

3 Li-Ion Batteries for Satellites

4 Satellite Battery Technologies and Suppliers

5 Conclusion

References

15. Lithium-Ion Battery Management

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Battery Management Structure and Options

3 Battery Management Functions

4 State of Charge Controller

References

16. Electronic Options for Lithium-Ion Batteries

Abstract

Acknowledgments

1 Introduction

2 Basic Functions

3 Monitoring

4 Measuring

5 Calculating

6 Communicating

7 Controlling

8 One Series Li-Ion Cell Devices (3.6 V Nominal)

9 Two Series Cell Devices (7.2 V Nominal)

10 Three and Four Series Cell Devices (10.8–14.4 V Nominal)

11 Five to Ten Series Cell Devices

12 Ten to Twenty Series Cells

13 Very Large Array Battery Systems

14 Conclusions

References

17. Safety of Commercial Lithium-Ion Cells and Batteries

Abstract

Nomenclature

Acknowledgments

1 Introduction

2 Commercial Lithium-Ion Battery Packs for Portable Equipment

3 Limitations of Commercial Lithium-Ion Cells

4 Quality Control of Commercial Lithium-Ion Cells

5 Commercial Lithium-Ion Cell- and Battery-Safety Certification Process

6 Conclusions

References

18. Safety of Lithium-Ion Batteries

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 System Level Safety

3 Cell Level Safety

4 Abuse Tolerance Tests

5 Internal Short and Thermal Runaway

6 Large Format Cells and Safety

7 Lithium Deposition

References

19. Lithium-Ion Cell Components and Their Effect on High-Power Battery Safety

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Electrolytes

3 The Separator

4 Thermal Stability of the Cathode

5 Li4Ti5O12/LiFePO4: the Safest and Most Powerful Couple

6 Other Factors Related to Safety

7 Concluding Remarks

References

20. Thermal Stability of Materials in Lithium-Ion Cells

Abstract

Acknowledgments

1 Introduction

2 Basic Consideration on Cell Safety

3 Chemical Reduction of the Electrolyte by the Negative Electrode

4 Thermal Decomposition of the Electrolyte

5 Electrolyte Oxidation at the Positive Electrode

6 Safety Evaluation by Abuse Tests

7 Conclusions

References

21. Lithium-Ion Battery Environmental Impacts

Abstract

Nomenclature

Acknowledgments

1 Introduction

2 Benefits of Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling

3 Environmental Impacts of Lithium-Ion Batteries

4 Overview and Analysis of Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling Technologies

5 Factors that Affect Recycling

6 Conclusions

References

22. Recycling of Traction Batteries as a Challenge and Chance for Future Lithium Availability

Abstract

1 Introduction: Criticality of Resources

2 Geographic Distribution of Lithium Reserves and Resources

3 Impact of Future Electric Mobility on Lithium Demand

4 Review of Presently Used Recycling Quotas in Different Studies

5 Influence of Different Recycling Quotas on Lithium Availability

6 Conclusions

References

23. Manufacturers, Materials and Recycling Technologies

Abstract

1 Lithium Battery Manufacturers

2 Materials Used for Battery Production and Their Cost

3 Recycling

References

24. The Lithium-Ion Battery Value Chain—Status, Trends and Implications

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 The LIB Market

3 Cell and Material Manufacturing Process

4 Structure of the Value Chain and Expected Changes

References

25. Thermodynamics of Lithium-Ion Batteries

Abstract

Nomenclature

1 Introduction

2 Thermodynamic Measurements: Procedure and Equipment

3 Thermodynamics Data Before Aging: Cell Chemistry Assessment

4 Thermodynamics of Overcharged Cells

5 Thermodynamics of Thermally Aged Cells

6 Thermodynamics of Long-Cycled Cells

7 Thermodynamic Memory Effect

8 Conclusion

References

Color Plate Section

Index

Details

No. of pages:
664
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2014
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780444595164
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444595133

About the Editor

Gianfranco Pistoia

Affiliations and Expertise

Consultant (formerly, Research Director, National Research Council, Rome, Italy)