Lithium-Ion Batteries

Lithium-Ion Batteries

Advances and Applications

1st Edition - December 16, 2013

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  • Editor: Gianfranco Pistoia
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444595164
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444595133

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Description

Lithium-Ion Batteries features an in-depth description of different lithium-ion applications, including important features such as safety and reliability. This title acquaints readers with the numerous and often consumer-oriented applications of this widespread battery type. Lithium-Ion Batteries also explores the concepts of nanostructured materials, as well as the importance of battery management systems. This handbook is an invaluable resource for electrochemical engineers and battery and fuel cell experts everywhere, from research institutions and universities to a worldwide array of professional industries.

Key Features

  • Contains all applications of consumer and industrial lithium-ion batteries, including reviews, in a single volume
  • Features contributions from the world's leading industry and research experts
  • Presents executive summaries of specific case studies
  • Covers information on basic research and application approaches

Readership

An invaluable resource for electrochemical engineers and battery and fuel cell experts working in research institutions, universities and industries worldwide. Likely to be of secondary interest to scientists and engineers working in stand-alone (stationary) energy storage, communications, medical and defense applications; transportation and environmental economists; governmental policymakers; and managers at automobile manufacturers.

Table of Contents

  • 1. Development of the Lithium-Ion Battery and Recent Technological Trends

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Development of the Practical LIB

    3 Development of Cathode Materials

    4 Development of Anode Materials

    5 Development of Electrolyte Solutions

    6 Separator Technology

    7 Conclusion

    References

    2. Past, Present and Future of Lithium-Ion Batteries: Can New Technologies Open up New Horizons?

    Abstract

    Nomenclature

    1 Introduction

    2 How LIB was Born?

    3 Performance that Users Expect from LIB

    4 Improvement of LIB

    5 Can New Battery Technologies Open up Novel Horizons for LIB?

    6 Conclusion

    References

    3. Fast Charging (up to 6C) of Lithium-Ion Cells and Modules: Electrical and Thermal Response and Life Cycle Tests

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 General Considerations and Requirements

    3 Fast Charging Characteristics of Various Lithium Battery Chemistries

    4 Fast Charging Tests of 50-Ah LTO Cells and Modules

    References

    4. Nanostructured Electrode Materials for Lithium-Ion Batteries

    Abstract

    Acknowledgments

    1 Introduction

    2 Nanoscale Effects in Intercalation-Based Electrode Materials

    3 Nanostructured Lithium Metal Phosphates for Positive Electrodes

    4 Titanium-Based Nanomaterials for Negative Electrodes

    5 Conversion Electrodes

    6 Lithium Alloys for Negative Electrodes

    7 Carbon Nanostructures as Active Materials in Negative Electrodes

    8 Carbon-Based Nanocomposites

    9 Conclusion

    References

    5. EVs and HEVs: The Need and Potential Functions of Batteries for Future Systems

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Power Performance Analysis of Batteries

    3 Basic Performance Design of Vehicles

    4 Thermal Analysis and Design

    5 Battery Pack System Establishment

    6 High-Power Performance of Lithium-Ion Batteries

    References

    6. Manufacturing Costs of Batteries for Electric Vehicles

    Abstract

    Acknowledgments

    1 Introduction

    2 Performance and Cost Model

    3 Battery Parameters Affecting Cost

    4 Uncertainty in Point Price Estimates

    5 Effect of Manufacturing Scale

    6 Outlook

    References

    7. Lithium-Ion Battery Packs for EVs

    Abstract

    Nomenclature

    1 Introduction

    2 Lithium-Ion Battery Design Considerations

    3 Rechargeable Energy Storage Systems

    4 Testing and Analysis

    5 Applications of Electric Vehicle Rechargeable Energy Storage Systems

    6 Conclusions

    References

    8. The Voltec System—Energy Storage and Electric Propulsion

    Abstract

    Nomenclature

    Acknowledgments

    1 Introduction

    2 A Brief History of Electric Vehicles

    3 Extended-Range Electric Vehicles

    4 The Voltec Propulsion System

    5 Voltec Drive Unit and Vehicle Operation Modes

    6 Battery Operation Strategy

    7 Development and Validation Processes

    8 Vehicle Field Experience

    9 Summary

    References

    9. Transit Bus Applications of Lithium-Ion Batteries: Progress and Prospects

    Abstract

    Nomenclature

    1 Introduction

    2 Integration of Lithium-Ion Batteries in Electric Drive Buses

    3 Examples of HEB/EB Transit Buses with LIB-Based Rechargeable Energy Storage Systems (RESS)

    4 Lessons Learned, Progress, and Prospects

    References

    10. EVs and HEVs Using Lithium-Ion Batteries

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 HEVs

    3 BEVs and EREVs

    4 Electric Microcars

    5 New Concepts of Urban Transport Vehicles

    6 Conclusions

    11. The Challenge of PHEV Battery Design and the Opportunities of Electrothermal Modeling

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Theory

    3 Setup Description

    4 Model Parameter Extraction

    5 Results and Discussion

    6 Conclusions

    Appendix

    References

    12. Solid-State Lithium-Ion Batteries for Electric Vehicles

    Abstract

    Acknowledgments

    1 Introduction

    2 All-Solid-State Lithium-Ion Batteries

    3 Conclusions

    References

    13. Lithium-Ion Batteries for Storage of Renewable Energies and Electric Grid Backup

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Applications

    3 System Concepts and Topologies

    4 Components and Requirements

    5 Conclusions

    References

    14. Satellite Lithium-Ion Batteries

    Abstract

    Nomenclature

    Acknowledgments

    1 Introduction

    2 Satellite Missions

    3 Li-Ion Batteries for Satellites

    4 Satellite Battery Technologies and Suppliers

    5 Conclusion

    References

    15. Lithium-Ion Battery Management

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Battery Management Structure and Options

    3 Battery Management Functions

    4 State of Charge Controller

    References

    16. Electronic Options for Lithium-Ion Batteries

    Abstract

    Acknowledgments

    1 Introduction

    2 Basic Functions

    3 Monitoring

    4 Measuring

    5 Calculating

    6 Communicating

    7 Controlling

    8 One Series Li-Ion Cell Devices (3.6 V Nominal)

    9 Two Series Cell Devices (7.2 V Nominal)

    10 Three and Four Series Cell Devices (10.8–14.4 V Nominal)

    11 Five to Ten Series Cell Devices

    12 Ten to Twenty Series Cells

    13 Very Large Array Battery Systems

    14 Conclusions

    References

    17. Safety of Commercial Lithium-Ion Cells and Batteries

    Abstract

    Nomenclature

    Acknowledgments

    1 Introduction

    2 Commercial Lithium-Ion Battery Packs for Portable Equipment

    3 Limitations of Commercial Lithium-Ion Cells

    4 Quality Control of Commercial Lithium-Ion Cells

    5 Commercial Lithium-Ion Cell- and Battery-Safety Certification Process

    6 Conclusions

    References

    18. Safety of Lithium-Ion Batteries

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 System Level Safety

    3 Cell Level Safety

    4 Abuse Tolerance Tests

    5 Internal Short and Thermal Runaway

    6 Large Format Cells and Safety

    7 Lithium Deposition

    References

    19. Lithium-Ion Cell Components and Their Effect on High-Power Battery Safety

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 Electrolytes

    3 The Separator

    4 Thermal Stability of the Cathode

    5 Li4Ti5O12/LiFePO4: the Safest and Most Powerful Couple

    6 Other Factors Related to Safety

    7 Concluding Remarks

    References

    20. Thermal Stability of Materials in Lithium-Ion Cells

    Abstract

    Acknowledgments

    1 Introduction

    2 Basic Consideration on Cell Safety

    3 Chemical Reduction of the Electrolyte by the Negative Electrode

    4 Thermal Decomposition of the Electrolyte

    5 Electrolyte Oxidation at the Positive Electrode

    6 Safety Evaluation by Abuse Tests

    7 Conclusions

    References

    21. Lithium-Ion Battery Environmental Impacts

    Abstract

    Nomenclature

    Acknowledgments

    1 Introduction

    2 Benefits of Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling

    3 Environmental Impacts of Lithium-Ion Batteries

    4 Overview and Analysis of Lithium-Ion Battery Recycling Technologies

    5 Factors that Affect Recycling

    6 Conclusions

    References

    22. Recycling of Traction Batteries as a Challenge and Chance for Future Lithium Availability

    Abstract

    1 Introduction: Criticality of Resources

    2 Geographic Distribution of Lithium Reserves and Resources

    3 Impact of Future Electric Mobility on Lithium Demand

    4 Review of Presently Used Recycling Quotas in Different Studies

    5 Influence of Different Recycling Quotas on Lithium Availability

    6 Conclusions

    References

    23. Manufacturers, Materials and Recycling Technologies

    Abstract

    1 Lithium Battery Manufacturers

    2 Materials Used for Battery Production and Their Cost

    3 Recycling

    References

    24. The Lithium-Ion Battery Value Chain—Status, Trends and Implications

    Abstract

    1 Introduction

    2 The LIB Market

    3 Cell and Material Manufacturing Process

    4 Structure of the Value Chain and Expected Changes

    References

    25. Thermodynamics of Lithium-Ion Batteries

    Abstract

    Nomenclature

    1 Introduction

    2 Thermodynamic Measurements: Procedure and Equipment

    3 Thermodynamics Data Before Aging: Cell Chemistry Assessment

    4 Thermodynamics of Overcharged Cells

    5 Thermodynamics of Thermally Aged Cells

    6 Thermodynamics of Long-Cycled Cells

    7 Thermodynamic Memory Effect

    8 Conclusion

    References

Product details

  • No. of pages: 664
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2014
  • Published: December 16, 2013
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780444595164
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9780444595133

About the Editor

Gianfranco Pistoia

Affiliations and Expertise

Consultant (formerly, Research Director, National Research Council, Rome, Italy)

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