Literature, Neurology, and Neuroscience: Historical and Literary Connections - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780444632739, 9780444632753

Literature, Neurology, and Neuroscience: Historical and Literary Connections, Volume 205

1st Edition

Serial Volume Editors: Anne Stiles Stanley Finger Francois Boller
eBook ISBN: 9780444632753
Hardcover ISBN: 9780444632739
Imprint: Elsevier
Published Date: 9th December 2013
Page Count: 368
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Table of Contents

Series Page

Contributors

Preface

Recommended Additional Readings

Part 1: Literature and Neuroscientific Discoveries

Chapter 1. The Overlooked Literary Path to Modern Electrophysiology: Philosophical Dialogues, Novels, and Travel Books

Abstract

1 Plato’s Torpedo

2 Aphra Behn’s (Soon to be Electric) “Eel”

3 Adanson’s Catfish

4 Conclusions

References

Chapter 2. Oscar Wilde and the Brain Cell

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Scientific Aestheticism

3 The Neuron

4 Cell politics

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 3. Forgetting the Madeleine: Proust and the Neurosciences

Abstract

1 A Taste of the Madeleine

2 Interdisciplinary Proust

3 Neuroscience Confirms Proust

4 Proust Sells!

5 Neuroaesthetics

6 Conclusion

References

Chapter 4. Optograms and Criminology: Science, News Reporting, and Fanciful Novels

Abstract

1 The Murder of Emma Jackson (1863)

2 Franz Boll and Photochemical Bleaching of the Retina (1876–1877)

3 Kühne, Photochemical Transduction, and “Optograms” (1877–1881)

4 Optograms in Fiction After Boll and Kühne

5 Optograms, Journalism, and Murder Investigations from the 1880s to the 1920s

6 The Villisca Ax Murders (1912)

7 The murder of Joseph Bowne Elwell (1920)

8 Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

Part 2: Theories of Brain and Mind in Literature

Chapter 5. Phrenology and Physiognomy in Victorian Literature

Abstract

1 Phrenology: the Background

2 Thomas Love Peacock (1785–1866) (Fig. 1)

3 Thomas Hood (1799–1845) (Fig. 2)

4 Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882) (Fig. 3)

5 Charles Dickens (1812–1870) (Fig. 4)

6 Charlotte Brontë (1816–1855) (Fig. 5)

7 George Eliot (1819–1880) (Fig. 6)

8 William Schwenck Gilbert (1836–1911) (Fig. 7)

9 Epilogue

Appendix

References

Chapter 6. Neurological and Psychological Constructs in Sheridan Le Fanu’s In a Glass Darkly

Abstract

1 Brief Biographical Information

2 The Case Files of Doctor Hesselius

3 Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

Part 3: Making Literary Connections

Chapter 7. Lord Byron’s Physician: John William Polidori on Somnambulism

Abstract

1 Formative years and Edinburgh

2 The Allure of Somnambulism

3 Polidori on Somnambulism

4 Case Studies

5 Treatment and prevention

6 The Significance of Polidori's Thesis on Somnambulism

7 Literary connections

References

Chapter 8. Return of the Living Dead: Re-reading Pierre Flourens’ Contributions to Neurophysiology and Literature

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 “I want to be an Académicien…”: Flourens’ Early Years and Career

3 Science and Medical Journalism as a Source for Understanding Flourens’ Place in the History of Neuroscience?

4 Progress and Posterities Past: Relationships Between Writing, Writing Style and Posterity in Science and Science Journalism

5 Conclusions

References

Chapter 9. Peter Mark Roget: Physician, Scientist, Systematist; his Thesaurus and his Impact on 19th-Century Neuroscience

Abstract

1 Early years and medical education

2 The Emerging Physician–Scientist

3 More Lecturing and Scientific Societies

4 The Encyclopaedia Britannica

5 “Cranioscopy” and “Phrenology”

6 Other encyclopedias

7 Optics and Illusions

8 Bridgewater Treatise

9 Retirement years

References

Chapter 10. Bram Stoker’s Brother, the Brain Surgeon

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Thornley’s Early Life and Scientific Education

3 Thornley as Brain Surgeon

4 Thornley’s Animal Rights Advocacy

5 Thornley’s Influence on Dracula

References

Chapter 11. Gustave Flaubert, Charles Dickens, and Isaac Pulvermacher’s “Magic Band”

Abstract

1 The Medical Electricians

2 The Great Exhibition

3 Isaac L. Pulvermacher

4 The Chains

5 Neurological Cures

6 Gustave Flaubert

7 Charles Dickens

8 Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

Chapter 12. Alexander Forbes, Walter Cannon, and Science-Based Literature

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 Alexander Forbes

3 Walter Bradford Cannon

4 Conclusion

Acknowledgments

References

Part 4: Creativity and Aesthetics

Chapter 13. Neurology, Poetry and the First World War of 1914–1918

Abstract

1 The First War Poet to Volunteer for Service

2 A Frustrated Neurologist Writes Poetry

3 Henry Head’s Friendship with Thomas Hardy

4 Poets in Important Occupations Related to Medicine

5 Lament for Lost Relatives

6 Poets Looked to the Future

7 The poets are commemorated

References

Chapter 14. Epilepsy in Dostoevsky

Abstract

1 Introduction

2 The Epilepsy of Dostoevsky: Clinical History

3 Dostoevsky’s Doctors: Medical History and Neurology in the Nineteenth Century

4 Epilepsy in the Literature of Dostoevsky

5 Dostoevsky’s Epilepsy in the Medical Literature

6 The So-called Epilepsy of Dostoevsky (with Ecstatic Auras) and the intellectual aura or Dreamy State

7 The syndrome of Dostoevsky?: Interictal behavioral changes in temporal lobe epilepsy

8 On the good use of epilepsy: Final comments

Acknowledgment

References

Chapter 15. Mindblindness: Metaphor and Neuroaesthetics in the Works of Silas Weir Mitchell and Simon Baron-Cohen

Abstract

1 Sources of Mindblindness as Metaphor

2 Mitchell’s Spectrum Disorder of Seeing in When All the Woods are Green

3 Neurosexism in Mitchell and Baron-Cohen

4 Extreme Boys: Learning to See

5 Empathy and the Ideal Female (Brain)

6 Sexual Selection and Assortative Mating

7 Conclusion

References

Chapter 16. Literary Aesthetics: Beauty, the Brain, and Mrs. Dalloway

Abstract

1 Beauty and prototypes

2 Beauty, emotion, and nonanomalous surprise

3 Some further problems with and aesthetics of prototypes and patterns

4 Mrs. Dalloway

5 Conclusion

References

Index

Volume in Series


Description

This well-established international series examines major areas of basic and clinical research within neuroscience, as well as emerging and promising subfields. This volume on the neurosciences, neurology, and literature vividly shows how science and the humanities can come together --- and have come together in the past. Its sections provide a new, broad look at these interactions, which have received surprisingly little attention in the past. Experts in the field cover literature as a window to neurological and scientific zeitgeists, theories of brain and mind in literature, famous authors and their suspected neurological disorders, and how neurological disorders and treatments have been described in literature. In addition, a myriad of other topics are covered, including some on famous authors whose important connections to the neurosciences have been overlooked (e.g., Roget, of Thesaurus fame), famous neuroscientists who should also be associated with literature, and some overlooked scientific and medical men who helped others produce great literary works (e,g., Bram Stoker's Dracula). There has not been a volume with this coverage in the past, and the connections it provides should prove fascinating to individuals in science, medicine, history, literature, and various other disciplines.

Key Features

  • This book looks at literature, medicine, and the brain sciences both historically and in the light of the newest scholarly discoveries and insights

Readership

Neuroscientists, psychologists, neurologists


Details

No. of pages:
368
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Elsevier 2013
Published:
Imprint:
Elsevier
eBook ISBN:
9780444632753
Hardcover ISBN:
9780444632739

About the Serial Volume Editors

Anne Stiles Serial Volume Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

St. Louis University, USA

Stanley Finger Serial Volume Editor

Affiliations and Expertise

Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA

Francois Boller Serial Volume Editor

François Boller, M.D., Ph.D. has been co-Series Editor of the Handbook of Clinical Neurology since 2002. He.is a board-certified neurologist currently Professor of Neurology at the George Washington University Medical School (GW) in Washington, DC. He was born in Switzerland and educated in Italy where he obtained a Medical Degree at the University of Pisa. After specializing in Neurology at the University of Milan, Dr. Boller spent several years at the Boston VA and Boston University Medical School, including a fellowship under the direction of Dr. Norman Geschwind. He obtained a Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio where he was in charge of Neuroscience teaching at the Medical School and was nominated Teacher of the Year. In 1983, Dr. Boller became Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh where he founded and directed one of the first NIH funded Alzheimer Disease Research Centers in the country. In 1989, he was put in charge of a Paris-based INSERM Unit dedicated to the neuropsychology and neurobiology of cerebral aging. He returned to the United States and joined the NIH in 2005, before coming to GW in July 2014.

Dr. Boller’s initial area of interest was aphasia and related disorders; he later became primarily interested in cognitive disorders and dementia with emphasis on the correlates of cognitive disorders with pathology, neurophysiology and imaging. He was one of the first to study the relation between Parkinson and Alzheimer disease, two processes that were thought to be unrelated. His current area of interest is Alzheimer’s disease and related disorders with emphasis on the early and late stages of the disease. He is also interested in the history of Neurosciences and is Past President of the International Society for the History of Neurosciences. He was the founding Editor-in-Chief of the European Journal of Neurology, the official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies (now European Academy of Neurology). He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Neurology and a member of the American Neurological Association. In addition, he has chaired Committees within the International Neuropsychological Society, the International Neuropsychology Symposium, and the World Federation of Neurology (WFN). He has authored over 200 papers and books including the Handbook of Neuropsychology (Elsevier).

Affiliations and Expertise

George Washington University Medical School, Washington, DC, USA