Liquid Crystalline Order in Polymers - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780121086503, 9780323154840

Liquid Crystalline Order in Polymers

1st Edition

Editors: Alexandre Blumstein
eBook ISBN: 9780323154840
Imprint: Academic Press
Published Date: 28th January 1978
Page Count: 348
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Liquid Crystalline Order in Polymers examines the topic of liquid crystalline order in systems containing rigid synthetic macromolecular chains. Each chapter of the book provides a review of one important area of the field. Chapter 1 discusses scattering in polymer systems with liquid crystalline order. It also introduces the field of liquid crystals. Chapter 2 treats the origin of liquid crystalline order in macromolecules by describing the in-depth study of conformation of such macromolecules in their unassociated state. The chapters that follow describe successively the liquid crystalline order in polymers with mesogenic side groups and rigid backbones, in polypeptides, and in block copolymers. Chapter 7 discusses the rheology of such systems. The last two chapters examine liquid crystalline order in biological materials and mesomorphic order in the realm of polymers with inorganic backbones. This book is intended to provide the polymer scientist, the materials scientist, and the biologist with a valuable source of information.

Table of Contents

List of Contributors



1 Scattering in Liquid Crystalline Polymer Systems

I. Introduction

II. Characteristic Properties of Liquid Crystalline Phases

III. Structural Analysis by Scattering Methods

IV. Liquid Crystalline Order of the Main Chain in Polymers

V. Liquid Crystalline Order of the Side Groups in Polymers

VI. Liquid Crystalline Structures Displayed by Block Copolymers


2 Intramolecular Orientational Order and Properties of Polymer Molecules in Solution

I. Introduction

II. Orientational-Axial Order in Chain Molecules

III. Orientational Order and Optical Anisotropy of the Chain

IV. Flow Birefringence and Optical Anisotropy of Chain Molecules

V. Equilibrium Rigidity of Molecules of Rigid-Chain Polyamides

VI. Structure and Conformation of Molecules of Aromatic Polyamides

VII. Equilibrium Rigidity and Intramolecular Order of Some Rigid-Chain Polymers

VIII. Magnetic Anisotropy and Intramolecular Order of Chain Molecules

IX. Intramolecular Orientational-Polar Order and Dipole Moment of the Chain Molecule

X. Kinetic Flexibility and Dipole Orientation of Chain Molecules

XI. Equilibrium Electrooptical Properties of Rigid-Chain Polymers in Solution

XII. Intramolecular Orientational Order in the Comblike Molecules

XIII. Intramolecular Order and Equilibrium Rigidity of Macromolecules of Graft Copolymers

XIV. Crystallike Molecules with Long-Chain Side Groups

XV. Random Copolymers of Crystallike Molecules

XVI. Formation of Supermolecular Structures in Solutions of Crystallike Molecules


3 Liquid Crystalline Order in Polymers with Mesogenic Side Groups

I. Introduction

II. Monomers

III. Liquid Crystalline Order in Tightly Cross-Linked Networks

IV. Mesomorphic Order in Linear Polymers


4 Synthesis and Properties of Rodlike Condensation Polymers

I. Introduction

II. Syntheses

III. Solution Properties

IV. Fiber Production

V. Fiber Properties

VI. End Use Applications


5 Liquid Crystalline Order in Polypeptides

I. Background

II. Preparation of Lyotropic Polypeptide Liquid Crystals

III. Theory of Liquid Crystal Formation

IV. The Cholesteric Superstructure

V. Order in the Microstructure

VI. Response to External Stimuli

VII. Mesomorphic Structure in the Solid State


6 Liquid Crystalline Structure of Block Copolymers

I. Introduction

II. Methods of Determination of Block Copolymer Structure

III. Copolymers with Amorphous Blocks

IV. Copolymers with an Amorphous Block and a Crystallizable Block

V. Copolymers with a Polypeptide and a Nonpolypeptide Block

VI. Concluding Remarks


7 Rheology of Polymers with Liquid Crystalline Order

I. Introduction

II. Rodlike Systems

III. The Rheology of Other Polymer Systems

IV. Rheological Theories for Anisotropie Fluids

V. Conclusions


8 Liquid Crystalline Order in Biological Materials

I. Introduction

II. Liquid Crystalline Biopolymers

III. Membranes and Lamellar Systems

IV. Liquid Crystalline Superphases in Muscles

V. Cholesteric and Nematic Analogues in Skeletal Tissues

VI. Nematic and Cholesteric Analogues in the Cell Nucleus

VII. Mesomorphic Self-Assembly in Living Systems

VIII. Conclusions


9 Mesomorphic Structure in Polyphosphazenes

I. Introduction

II. Structure

III. Transition Behavior

IV. The Mesomorphic State

V. Conclusions




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© Academic Press 1978
Academic Press
eBook ISBN:

About the Editor

Alexandre Blumstein

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