Life-Span Developmental Psychology

Life-Span Developmental Psychology

Methodological Issues

1st Edition - January 28, 1973

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  • Editors: John R. Nesselroade, Hayne W. Reese
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483274751

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Description

Life-Span Developmental Psychology: Methodological Issues is based on a conference, held at West Virginia University in 1971, that focused on the general topic of Life-Span Developmental Psychology. The conference provided a forum for the discussion of a variety of methodological issues related to the study of developmental processes over the life-span. The principal objectives of the Life-Span Conference have been not only to explicate, by successive approximation, the range of empirical phenomena with which a life-span developmental psychology should be concerned, but also to explore issues about theory, measurement, design, and data analysis which bear upon it. The book opens with a chapter on ethical issues in developmental psychology. This is followed by separate chapters on topics such as cross-cultural research in developmental psychology; the implications of the two models that have had the greatest impact on developmental psychology—the mechanistic (reactive organism) model and the organismic (active organism) model; and research strategies and measurement methods for investigating human development

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    1. Developmental Psychology and Society: Some Historical and Ethical Considerations

    I. Social, Political, and Economic Bases of the Developmental Sciences

    II. Phenomenal, Logical, and Existential Bases of Sciences and Knowledge

    2. The Early Development of Parent-Young Interaction in Nature

    I. Introduction

    II. Incubation and Hatching

    III. Conclusion

    3. Methodological Issues of Cross-Cultural Research in Developmental Psychology

    I. Introduction

    II. Toward a Definition of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Cross-Cultural Research

    III. The Contingency between Cross-Cultural Psychology and Life-Span Developmental Psychology

    IV. Operationalization of the Culture Concept

    V. The Problem of Data Comparability

    VI. Requirements for a Cross-Cultural Research Strategy in Developmental Psychology

    4. Models of Development: Methodological Implications

    I Introduction

    II. Models

    III. Basic Categories in the Mechanistic and Organismic Models

    IV. Corollary Model Issues

    V. Functional Corollary Model Issues

    VI. Summary and Conclusions

    5. Research Strategies and Measurement Methods for Investigating Human Development

    I. Change Scores

    II. Experimental Designs for the Study of Age Functions

    III. Some Major Problems in Psychometric Theory for Life-Span Research

    IV. Summarizing Comments and Guesses about Future Developments

    6. Unraveling Maturational and Learning Development by the Comparative MA VA and Structured Learning Approaches

    I. Two Proposed Technical Innovations and Their Associated Models

    II. The Convarkin and MA VA Methods of Genothreptic Analysis

    III. Estimating Genetic and Threptic Parts of an Individual's Score through Regression on Real World Influences: Comparative MAVA

    IV. Amalgamated and Divisive Source Trait Models: The Divisive Possibility of Directly Factoring Out Nature and Nurture Components

    V. Assistance from Structured Learning Theory and the Successive Investment Theory

    VI. The Maturation-Learning (or Volution-Threption) Contrast Method of Isolating Genetic and Environmental Influence Effects

    VII. Summary

    7. Assessment of Developmental Factor Change at the Individual and Group Level

    I. Introduction

    II. Methods of Analysis

    III. Technical Considerations

    8. Strategies for Analyzing Behavioral Change Over Time

    9. The Control of Developmental Process: Why Wait?

    I. Introduction

    II. Developmental Research and Behavior Modification

    III. Summary

    10. Behavioral Ecology and Experimental Analysis: Courtship Is Not Enough

    I. Introduction

    II. Ecological-Experimental Polemics

    III. Behavior in Ecological Perspective

    IV. Experimental Analysis

    V. More Than Courtship

    VI. Concluding Comments

    11. The Developmental Analysis of Individual Differences on Multiple Measures

    I. Introduction

    II. Basic Concepts and Methods

    III. Comparative Factor Analytic Models and Developmental Change

    IV. Sample Case: Ontogeny of Intelligence

    V. Organism-Environment Interactions as a Source for Structural Change: A Simulation Experiment

    VI. Concluding Commentary

    12. Methodological Problems in Descriptive Developmental Research on Adulthood and Aging

    I. Introduction

    II. Some Questions Related to Sampling and Generalizability

    III. Models of Aging and Resulting Research Strategies

    IV. Within Cohort (Longitudinal) Studies of Adult Development

    V. Between Cohort (Cross-Sectional) Studies of Adult Development

    VI. Some Comments on Research Priorities in the Study of Adult Development

    13. The Interfaces of Acquisition: Models and Methods for Studying the Active, Developing Organism

    I. Introduction

    II. Developmental Processes and the Specificity of Habits and Skills

    III. Higher-Order Skills and Life-Span Processes

    IV. The Development of Enactive and Inhibitory Skills over the Life Span

    V. Methodological Implications for Developmental Research

    14. Cognitive Assessment across the Life-Span: Methodological Implications of the Organismic Approach

    I. Introduction

    II. The Organismic View of Developmental Change

    III. Qualitative Analysis

    IV. Research Related to the Stage Construct

    V. Implications for Future Research

    VI. The Role of Training-Intervention Research

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 380
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1973
  • Published: January 28, 1973
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483274751

About the Editors

John R. Nesselroade

Hayne W. Reese

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