Life-Span Developmental Psychology

Life-Span Developmental Psychology

Research and Theory

1st Edition - January 28, 1970

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  • Editors: L. R. Goulet, Paul B. Baltes
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483217949

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Description

Life-Span Development Psychology: Research and Theory covers the issues and problems associated with a life-span conceptualization of developmental psychology. The book discusses the status,issues, and antecedents of life-span developmental psychology; an approach to theory construction in the psychology of development and aging; and models and theories of development. The text also describes the methodology and research strategy in the study of developmental change; the application of multivariate strategies to problems of measuring and structuring long-term change; and the mechanisms required for the operation of perception and recognition. Learning and retention; language; and intellectual abilities are also considered. Developmental psychologists will find the study invaluable.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Conceptual Status and History

    1. Status and Issues of a Life-Span Developmental Psychology

    I. Introduction

    II. Developmental Disciplines: The Study of Change

    III. General Developmental Psychology

    IV. Human Life-Span Developmental Psychology

    V. Conclusions and Perspectives

    2. Historical Antecedents of Life-Span Developmental Psychology

    I. Introduction

    II. American Beginnings

    III. Clinical Work with Children

    IV. Educational Psychology

    V. Behaviorism

    VI. Developmental Psychology in the 1920s and 1930s

    VII. Child-Study Institutes

    VIII. Other Early Influences

    IX. Maturity and Old Age

    X. Child Psychology through the Middle of the Century

    XI. Post World War II

    XII. Who Studies the Life-Span

    XIII. Longitudinal Studies of the Life-Span

    XIV. Conclusion

    3. Life-Span Developmental Psychology in Europe: Past and Present

    I. Introduction

    II. Prescientific Origins of Life-Span Developmental Psychology

    III. Scientific Origins of Life-Span Developmental Psychology

    IV. Concluding Remarks

    Theory Construction

    4. An Approach to Theory Construction in the Psychology of Development and Aging

    I. Introduction

    II. Evidence and Inference: A Case History and Commentary

    III. The Deductive Function of Theories

    IV. Theories and the Analysis of Arguments

    V. A Simple Exercise in Theory Construction: The Internal Logic of a Theory of the Effects of Age on Creative Thinking

    VI. A Difficult Exercise in Theory Construction: The Internal Logic of the Theory of Disengagement

    VII. The Role of Models and Analogies in Theory Construction

    VIII. Commentary on Birren's Counterpart Theory of Aging

    IX. Conclusions

    5. Models of Development and Theories of Development

    I. Introduction

    II. Models and Theories

    III. The Concept of Development

    IV. The Mechanistic and Organismic Models of Development

    V. Summary and Conclusions

    General Methodology

    6. Methodology and Research Strategy in the Study of Developmental Change

    I. Introduction: The Age Variable in Developmental Research

    II. The Formulation and Assessment of the Dependent Variable in Developmental Studies

    III. The Longitudinal Method: Its Value and Limitations and Some Compromise Solutions

    IV. The Descriptive Analysis of Developmental Functions

    V. The Study of Functional Relations among Developmental Variables

    VI. The Study of Individual Differences within the Developmental-Functional Framework

    VII. Conclusion

    7. Application of Multivariate Strategies to Problems of Measuring and Structuring Long-Term Change

    I. Introduction

    II. Implications of Multivariate Techniques for Studying Patterns of Change

    III. Implications of Factor Analysis for Structuring Qualitative and Quantitative Change: Factor Loading Patterns and Factor Scores

    IV. Correlational Techniques which Bear directly on the Problems of Structuring Change

    V. Overview of More Generalized Correlational Techniques

    VI. Areas of Convergence between Multivariate Techniques and Developmental Concepts

    VII. Conclusion

    Perception and Cognition

    8. Life-Span Changes in Visual Perception

    I. Introduction

    II. Visual Illusion

    III. Spatial Orientation

    IV. Part-Whole Differentiation

    V. Perceptual Closure

    VI. Speed of Recognition

    VII. Conclusion

    9. Light Detection and Pattern Recognition: Some Comments on the Growth of Visual Sensation and Perception

    I. Introduction

    II. Some History of Sensation and Perception

    III. The Mechanisms of Detection and Recognition

    IV. Detection and Recognition in Neonates

    V. Simultaneous Detection and Recognition

    VI. Detection, Recognition, and Method

    VII. Perception and Judgment

    VIII. Detection Theory

    IX. Muddy and Cloudy Developmental Data

    10. Cognitive Changes in Adulthood

    I. Differences between Child and Adult Cognitive Changes

    II. The Role of Experience in Adult Cognitive Change

    Learning and Retention

    11. Learning in Children and in Older Adults

    I. Conditioning

    II. Discrimination Learning

    III. Paired-Associate and Serial Learning

    IV. Incidental Learning

    12. The Experiential Origins of Human Behavior

    I. Introduction

    II. Unconditioned and Conditioned Behavior

    III. A Brief Review of Selected Facts about Infant Behavior Plasticity

    IV. Comments on the Concept of “State”

    V. Summary

    13. Retention-Forgetting as a Nomological Network for Developmental Research

    I. Introduction

    II. Verbal Learning: Models, Processes, and Paradigms

    III. A Nomological Network for Retention-Development Relationships

    IV. Interference Theory and Retention-Development Relationships

    V. Retention-Development Relationships for Recognition Learning

    VI. Concluding Comments

    Language

    14. The Language Acquisition Process: A Reinterpretation of Selected Research Findings

    I. Introduction

    II. Intralingual Relations

    III. Psycholinguistic Operations

    15. Research on Language Acquisition: Do We Know Where We Are Going

    I. Historical Introduction

    II. Psycholinguistics

    Intellectual Abilities

    16. Organization of Data on Life-Span Development of Human Abilities

    I. Introduction

    II. Unity and Differentiation among Abilities

    III. Processes Basic to Intellectual Functioning

    IV. Development of Abilities in Childhood

    V. Development of Abilities in Adulthood and Old Age

    VI. General Summary

    17. Comparative Factor Analytic Studies of Intelligence throughout The Human Life-Span

    I. Introduction

    II. Relevant Hypotheses and Results

    III. Methodological Aspects and Problems

    IV. Discussion and Conclusions

    18. A Reinterpretation of Age Related Changes in Cognitive Structure and Functioning

    I. Introduction

    II. Age Changes versus Age Differences versus Cultural Change

    III. The Impact of Generational Differences

    IV. Empirical Evidence Bearing upon Generation Differences in Intelligence

    V. Conclusions

    References

    Author Index

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 608
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1970
  • Published: January 28, 1970
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483217949

About the Editors

L. R. Goulet

Paul B. Baltes

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