Life-Span Developmental Psychology

Life-Span Developmental Psychology

Normative Life Crises

1st Edition - January 28, 1975

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  • Editors: Nancy Datan, Leon H. Ginsberg
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483266046

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Description

Life-Span Developmental Psychology: Normative Life Crises is a compilation of papers that deals with various points of view between the academic perspective — studies in developmental psychology and applied perspective — and the practical efforts of social workers to help individual clients. Part I discusses normative life crises from the two perspectives that include human behavior theory in social work education. This part also includes an interdisciplinary approach covering developmental, social, sociological, economic, and psychological fields. Part II covers the normative life crises in individual development such as discussions on death, ego development, and a practioner's response on models of ego development. The book also discusses an abstract model versus an actual individual experience in dealing with crises, as well as the meanings of adaptation and survival during old age. Part III presents the normative life crises in the family circle covering topics such as parenthood, sex roles, depression, widowhood, and an example of situational stress. Part IV deals with the normative life crises and the social system, including socialization, life course, changing work cycles, and public policy on death. This book will prove valuable for psychologists, psychiatrists, sociologists, social workers, and behavioral scientists.

Table of Contents


  • List of Contributors

    Preface

    Acknowledgments

    Normative Life Crises: Academic and Applied Perspectives

    1. Normative Life Crises: Academic Perspectives

    I. Introduction

    II. Academic and Applied Perspectives: The Uneasy Interface

    III. Temporal Constraints: A Lesson from Practitioners

    IV. Contextual Constraints: Perspectives from Other Disciplines

    V. From Conference to Proceedings

    References

    2. Normative Life Crises: Applied Perspectives

    I. Human Behavior Theory in Social Work Education

    II. Life-Span Theory and the Social Tradition

    Normative Life Crises in Individual Development

    3. Is Death a Life Crisis? On the Confrontation with Death in Theory and Practice

    I. Purpose and Scope

    II. Death: Some Definitions and Interpretations

    III. Do We Die in Stages?

    IV. Death in Theory and Practice: Selected Problems

    References

    4. Ego Development and Preferential Judgment in Life-Span Perspective

    I. Introduction

    II. A Critical Evaluation of Life-Span Ego Theories

    III. Metatheory for a Theory of Ego Development

    IV. Stages of Ego Development

    V. An Illustrative Empirical Evaluation

    VI. Discussion of Selected Issues

    VII. Summary Characteristics of the Proposed Scheme of Ego Development

    References

    5. Formal Models of Ego Development: A Practitioner's Response

    I. Overview of Selected Issues

    II. Development: An Open-Ended Process

    III. Crisis Theory

    IV. Whither Theories of Ego Development and the Practitioner?

    V. Conclusion

    References

    6. Adult Life Crises: A Dialectic Interpretation of Development

    I. Introduction

    II. Contradictions and Crises in Adult Life

    III. Conclusions

    References

    7. Crises: An Abstract Model versus Individual Experience

    8. Adaptive Processes in Late Life

    I. On the Nature of Crisis

    II. A Framework for Looking at Hypotheses Relevant to Discriminating between Successful and Unsuccessful Adaptation

    III. Empirical Illustrations of the Predictive Framework

    References

    9. Adaptation and Survival: New Meanings in Old Age

    Normative Life Crisis in the Family Life Cycle

    10. Parenthood: A Key to the Comparative Study of the Life Cycle

    I. Adulthood and Parenthood: Neglected Topics in Psychology

    II. Sex Differences and the Parental Emergency

    III. The Normal Unisex of Later Life

    IV. New Life Styles and the Parental Imperative

    References

    11. The Further Evolution of the Parental Imperative

    I. The Parental Imperative: Directions for Future Change

    II. The Parental Imperative: The Limits of Explanation

    References

    12. Sex Roles and Depression

    I. Introduction

    II. Background and Methods

    III. Sex Differences in Depression

    IV. Disenchantment with Homemaking

    V. Occupational Strains and Depression

    VI. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    13. Situational Stress: A Hopi Example

    I. Sex Roles and Depression: Cross-Cultural Findings

    II. Hopi Women and Stress

    III. Stress and Depression

    IV. Stress and the Life Cycle

    References

    14. Widowhood: Societal Factors in Life-Span Disruptions and Alternatives

    I. Widowhood

    II. Widowhood in the Lives of Women

    III. Social Roles of Women in Modern Societies

    IV. Social Roles in the Lives of Widows in Modern Societies

    V. Summary and Conclusions

    References

    Normative Life Crises and the Social System

    15. Adult Socialization: Ambiguity and Adult Life Crises

    I. Adult Socialization

    II. Social Learning Approach to Adult Socialization

    III. Anticipatory Socialization

    IV. Adult Life Crises

    V. Conclusion

    References

    16. A Clinical Approach to the Theoretical Constructs of Failure and Normality

    17. The Life Course, Age Grading, and Age-Linked Demands for Decision Making

    I. The Life Course

    II. Age Grading

    III. Age-Related Demands for Decision Making

    IV. Turning Points in the Life Course

    V. Conclusion

    References

    18. The Changing Life Cycle of Work

    I. Introduction

    II. Hours and Income, 1870 and 1970

    III. The Changing Work Cycle and Worker Dissatisfaction

    IV. Some Speculation about the Future

    References

    19. Accommodating Old People in Society: Examples from Appalachia and New Orleans

    I. The Societal Perspective

    II. Retirement to the Porch

    III. Accommodation of the Old in Urban Settings

    IV. Accommodating Old People in Society

    References

    20. Death and Public Policy: A Research Inquiry

    I. Background of the Problem

    II. Public Policy and Death: Needs of Future Research

    References

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 332
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1975
  • Published: January 28, 1975
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483266046

About the Editors

Nancy Datan

Leon H. Ginsberg

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