Life Sciences and Space Research - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080244365, 9781483149035

Life Sciences and Space Research

1st Edition

Proceedings of the Open Meeting of the Working Group on Space Biology of the Twenty-Second Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, Bangalore, India, 29 May - 9 June 1979

Editors: R. Holmquist
eBook ISBN: 9781483149035
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1980
Page Count: 230
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Description

Life Sciences and Space Research, Volume XVIII is a collection of articles on space biology. The book describes the presence of organic molecules found in interstellar space, comets, and meteorites.
The text also addresses the role of comets in giving rise to new studies in cometary chemistry, as the source of plasma, or as supplying the mechanism for the formation of amino acids, glycine, and guanine. One paper addresses the possibility of life on the planet Mars touching on chemical reactions of nutrient compound decay and other physio-chemical changes. The book also notes the contribution of cometary volatiles to the study of the primitive earth plus the possible role of metal ions and clays in prebiotic chemistry. Other papers discuss radiation biology concerning both radiobiological results from experiments done in spaceflight and ground laboratories such as the degeneration of rabbit tissues after heavy irradiation.
The book then evaluates gravitational biology, including topics such as physiological reactions during acute adaptation to reduced gravity; land plant evolution and gravity; and the development of Polyporus brumalis basidomycete, a kind of fungi, in conditions of weightlessness.
Molecular biologists, space engineers, biologists, meteorologists, and genetic engineers will find this book highly valuable.

Table of Contents


Preface

Organic Molecules in Space

Origin and Chemistry of Comets

Organic Compounds in Meteorites

Chemical Reactivities of some Interstellar Molecules

A Mechanism for the Formation of Glycine, Adenine and Guanine in Interstellar Space

Planetary Research

On the Possibility of Life on Mars

Description of an Apparatus for Studying Micro-Organisms in the Upper Atmosphere

Further Studies on the Environmental Capabilities of Fungi: Interactions of Salinity, Ultraviolet Irradiation, and Temperature in Pénicillium

Early Biological Evolution

The Contribution of Cometary Volatiles to the Primitive Earth

The Possible Role of Metal Ions and Clays in Prebiotic Chemistry

The Influence of Life on the Evolution of the Atmosphere

Early Photosynthetic Microorganisms and Environmental Evolution

Lipids as a Principle for the Identification of Archaebacteria

Radiation Biology

Recent Radiobiological Findings from Spaceflight and Ground-Based Studies - An Overview

Late Degeneration in Rabbit Tissues after Irradiation by Heavy Ions

Predicted LET-Spectra of HZE-Particles for the Free Flyer Biostack Experiment on the Long Duration Exposure Facility Mission

A Sclerocorneal Electrode for the Study of the Characteristics of Primate Vission Under Condition of Space Flight

Genetic Effects of Space Hadrons on Bacteriophage Under Alpine Conditions

Gravitational Biology

Primates

Physiological Aspects of Automatic Physical Training Control by Biofeedback in Weightlessness

Physiological Reactions During Acute Adaptation to Reduced Gravity

Etude Préliminaire de L'Equilibre Vestibulaire Chez le Primate dans les Conditions de Vol Spatial

Insects

Variations in the Recombination Rate of Drosophila Melanogaster Induced by Balloon Flight

Higher Plants

Gravity and Land Plant Evolution: Experimental Induction of Lignification by Simulated Hypergravity and Water Stress

Green Algae

Biological Studies of Chlorella pyrenoidosa (Strain LARG-1) Cultures Grown Under Space Flight Conditions

Fungi

Development of Higher Fungi under Weightlessness

Bacteria

Growth and Cell Structure of Proteus Vulgaris when Cultivated in Weightlessness in the Cytos Apparatus

Author Index


Details

No. of pages:
230
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1980
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483149035

About the Editor

R. Holmquist