Life Sciences and Space Research - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780080234168, 9781483149097

Life Sciences and Space Research

1st Edition

Proceedings of the Open Meeting of the Working Group on Space Biology of the Twenty-First Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, Innsbruck, Austria, 29 May - 10 June 1978

Editors: R. Holmquist
eBook ISBN: 9781483149097
Imprint: Pergamon
Published Date: 1st January 1979
Page Count: 316
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Description

Life Sciences and Space Research, Volume XVII contains the proceedings of the Open Meeting of the Working Group on Space Biology of the Twenty-first Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, held in Innsbruck, Austria, from May 29 to June 10, 1978 and of the Symposium on Gravitational Physiology which also took place in Innsbruck, Austria, on June 2 and 3, 1978. The papers review the results of research in the life sciences with respect to space biology, including chemical data returned from the Viking Lander experiments. The engineering design of biologically closed ecological systems suitable for very long term space flight or space colonies is also described. This volume is comprised of 41 chapters and begins with a discussion on closed regenerative life support systems for space travel and their implications for ecological science. Subsequent chapters examine closed ecology in space from a bioengineering perspective; technology requirements for nonterrestrial ecosystems; carbon suboxide polymer as an explanation for the wave of darkening observed on Mars; and volcanism and soil mercury on Mars, along with their consequences for terrestrial microorganisms. The next sections focus on the biology of extreme environments such as Central Antarctica, radiation biology in space, and gravitational physiology in relation to humans and animals. This book will be of interest to space scientists, space biologists, and those engaged in the life sciences, space research, molecular biophysics, biochemistry, and physiology.

Table of Contents


Preface

Biologically Closed Ecological Systems

Closed Regenerative Life Support Systems for Space Travel: Their Development Poses Fundamental Questions for Ecological Science

Closed Ecology in Space from a Bioengineering Perspective

Technology Requirements for Nonterrestrial Ecosystems

Serendipitous Solution to the Problem of Culturing Arabidopsis Plants in Sealed Containers for Spaceflights of Long Duration 37

Mars

Carbon Suboxide Polymer: An Explanation for the Wave of Darkening on Mars

Implications of the Hypohydrous History of Mars

Experimental Simulation of the Viking Labeled Release (LR) Results with Iron-Adsorbed Smectite Clay Minerals

X-Ray Photoelectron Spectrometric and Gas Exchange Evidence for Surface Oxidation of Martian Regolith Analogues by Ultraviolet Irradiation

The Effects of Ultraviolet Light on the Degradation of Organic Compounds: a Possible Explanation for the Absence of Organic Matter on Mars

Volcanism and Soil Mercury on Mars: Consequences for Terrestrial Microorganisms

Biology of Extreme Environments

Growth of Fungi in NaCl-MgSO4 Brines

Microbiological Flora as a Function of Ice Depth in Central Antarctica

Microorganisms of the Upper Layer of the Atmosphere and the Protective Role of their Cell Pigments

A Special Photoproduct of UV-Irradiated DNA in Vacuo

Radiation Biology in Space

The Cosmos-782 and Prognoz-4 Studies of Cosmic Radiation LET Spectra

Dosimetric and Biological Results from the Bacillus subtilis Biostack Experiment within the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project

Genetic Effects of Cosmic Radiation on Bacteriophage T4Br+ (on Materials of Biological Experiment "Soyuz-Apollo")

The Action of Space Flight Factors on the Radiation Effects of Additional γ-Irradiation of Seeds

Preliminary Results of Cytos Experiment Flown in Salyut VI: Investigations on Paramecium Aurelia

Gravitational Physiology

General

Gravity as a Biochemical Determinant

Man

A Model for Vestibular Function in Altered Gravitational States

Physiological Effect of High, Sustained +Gz Forces on Man

Prophylactic Effects of Intermittent Acceleration against Physiological Deconditioning in Simulated Weightlessness

Other Primates

Continuous Metabolic and Cardiovascular Measurements on a Monkey Subject during a Simulated 6-Day Spacelab Mission

Rats

Hypokinetic or Hypogravic

Hypergravic

Birds

Influence of the Ambient Acceleration Field upon Acute Acceleration Tolerance in Chickens

Fish

Biological Investigations on the Orbital Station "Salyut-5"

Insects

Hornet Building Orientation in a Vertically Rotating Centrifuge

Plants

Nutation Phenomena

In Weightlessness

Author Index

Details

No. of pages:
316
Language:
English
Copyright:
© Pergamon 1979
Published:
Imprint:
Pergamon
eBook ISBN:
9781483149097

About the Editor

R. Holmquist