Life Sciences and Space Research

Life Sciences and Space Research

Proceedings of the Open Meeting of the Working Group on Space Biology of the Twenty-First Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, Innsbruck, Austria, 29 May - 10 June 1978

1st Edition - January 1, 1979

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  • Editor: R. Holmquist
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483149097

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Life Sciences and Space Research, Volume XVII contains the proceedings of the Open Meeting of the Working Group on Space Biology of the Twenty-first Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, held in Innsbruck, Austria, from May 29 to June 10, 1978 and of the Symposium on Gravitational Physiology which also took place in Innsbruck, Austria, on June 2 and 3, 1978. The papers review the results of research in the life sciences with respect to space biology, including chemical data returned from the Viking Lander experiments. The engineering design of biologically closed ecological systems suitable for very long term space flight or space colonies is also described. This volume is comprised of 41 chapters and begins with a discussion on closed regenerative life support systems for space travel and their implications for ecological science. Subsequent chapters examine closed ecology in space from a bioengineering perspective; technology requirements for nonterrestrial ecosystems; carbon suboxide polymer as an explanation for the wave of darkening observed on Mars; and volcanism and soil mercury on Mars, along with their consequences for terrestrial microorganisms. The next sections focus on the biology of extreme environments such as Central Antarctica, radiation biology in space, and gravitational physiology in relation to humans and animals. This book will be of interest to space scientists, space biologists, and those engaged in the life sciences, space research, molecular biophysics, biochemistry, and physiology.

Table of Contents

  • Preface

    Biologically Closed Ecological Systems

    Closed Regenerative Life Support Systems for Space Travel: Their Development Poses Fundamental Questions for Ecological Science

    Closed Ecology in Space from a Bioengineering Perspective

    Technology Requirements for Nonterrestrial Ecosystems

    Serendipitous Solution to the Problem of Culturing Arabidopsis Plants in Sealed Containers for Spaceflights of Long Duration 37


    Carbon Suboxide Polymer: An Explanation for the Wave of Darkening on Mars

    Implications of the Hypohydrous History of Mars

    Experimental Simulation of the Viking Labeled Release (LR) Results with Iron-Adsorbed Smectite Clay Minerals

    X-Ray Photoelectron Spectrometric and Gas Exchange Evidence for Surface Oxidation of Martian Regolith Analogues by Ultraviolet Irradiation

    The Effects of Ultraviolet Light on the Degradation of Organic Compounds: a Possible Explanation for the Absence of Organic Matter on Mars

    Volcanism and Soil Mercury on Mars: Consequences for Terrestrial Microorganisms

    Biology of Extreme Environments

    Growth of Fungi in NaCl-MgSO4 Brines

    Microbiological Flora as a Function of Ice Depth in Central Antarctica

    Microorganisms of the Upper Layer of the Atmosphere and the Protective Role of their Cell Pigments

    A Special Photoproduct of UV-Irradiated DNA in Vacuo

    Radiation Biology in Space

    The Cosmos-782 and Prognoz-4 Studies of Cosmic Radiation LET Spectra

    Dosimetric and Biological Results from the Bacillus subtilis Biostack Experiment within the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project

    Genetic Effects of Cosmic Radiation on Bacteriophage T4Br+ (on Materials of Biological Experiment "Soyuz-Apollo")

    The Action of Space Flight Factors on the Radiation Effects of Additional γ-Irradiation of Seeds

    Preliminary Results of Cytos Experiment Flown in Salyut VI: Investigations on Paramecium Aurelia

    Gravitational Physiology


    Gravity as a Biochemical Determinant


    A Model for Vestibular Function in Altered Gravitational States

    Physiological Effect of High, Sustained +Gz Forces on Man

    Prophylactic Effects of Intermittent Acceleration against Physiological Deconditioning in Simulated Weightlessness

    Other Primates

    Continuous Metabolic and Cardiovascular Measurements on a Monkey Subject during a Simulated 6-Day Spacelab Mission


    Hypokinetic or Hypogravic



    Influence of the Ambient Acceleration Field upon Acute Acceleration Tolerance in Chickens


    Biological Investigations on the Orbital Station "Salyut-5"


    Hornet Building Orientation in a Vertically Rotating Centrifuge


    Nutation Phenomena

    In Weightlessness

    Author Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 316
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1979
  • Published: January 1, 1979
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483149097

About the Editor

R. Holmquist

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