Life Sciences and Space Research

Life Sciences and Space Research

Proceedings of The Open Meetings of The Working Group on Space Biology of The Twentieth Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, Tel Aviv, Israel, 7-18 June 1977

1st Edition - January 1, 1978

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  • Editors: R. Holmquist, A.C. Stickland
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483148830

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Description

Cospar Life Sciences and Space Research, Volume XVI covers the proceedings of the Open Meetings of the Working Group on Space Biology of the 20th Plenary Meeting of COSPAR, held in Tel Aviv, Israel, on June 7-18, 1977. The book focuses on the developments in space explorations; approaches for the creation of extraterrestrial intelligence; and biochemical mechanism of the visual-light-flash phenomena. The selection first discusses the Viking Lander biology experiments on Mars. The experiments returned detailed picture of the Martian soil surface chemistry. The text also takes a look at a preliminary search for narrowband signals at microwave frequencies; observational program options and system requirements for the search of extraterrestrial intelligence; and public health considerations related to a Mars surface sample return mission. The book reviews planetary protection guidelines for outer planet missions, including Viking clean room technology, efficacy of clean room assembly, and Jupiter Orbiter Probe PP appraisal. The text also focuses on the effects of temperature, salinity, and other factors on the growth and formation of UV-absorbing substances by the fungus aspergillus; effects of gravitational and magnetic fields on transplanted neuroblastoma vascularity; and the roles of body mass and gravity in identifying the energy requirements of homoiotherms. The selection is a dependable reference for readers interested in space research.

Table of Contents


  • Contents

    Preface

    The Viking Biology Experiments

    The Chemical Activities of the Viking Biology Experiments and the Arguments for the Presence of Super-Oxides, Peroxides, y-Fe203 and Carbon Suboxide Polymer in the Martian Soil

    The Search for Extraterrestrial Life

    SETI: A Preliminary Search for Narrowband Signals at Microwave Frequencies

    Observational Program Options and System Requirements for the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI)

    Planetary Quarantine and Spacecraft Bioburden Control

    Public Health Considerations Associated with a Mars Surface Sample Return Mission

    Planetary Protection Guidelines for Outer Planet Missions

    Mars Surface Sample Return Quarantine Planning Theory

    Biology in Saturated Salt Solutions

    The Effects of Temperature, Salinity, and other Factors on the Growth and Formation of UV-Absorbing Substances by the Fungus Aspergillus

    Biology in Combined Magnetic and Gravitational Fields

    Hornet Building Orientation in Additional Magnetic Fields

    Effects of Gravitational and Magnetic Fields on Transplanted Neuroblastoma Vascularity

    Gravitational Biology

    Primates

    Changes in the Body Composition of Monkeys During Long-Term Exposure to High Acceleration Fields

    Rodents

    Thermoregulatory Responses of Unanesthetized Rats Exposed to Gravitational Fields of 1 to 4g

    Birds

    The Roles of Body Mass and Gravity in Determining the Energy Requirements of Homoiotherms

    Amphibians

    The Responses of Frogs to Vestibular and Visual Stimulation in Weightlessness

    Insects

    Geotropism of Hornet Comb Construction under Persistent Acceleration

    Plants

    Convective Control of Long-Range Coherence in Plant Growth Regulation

    Molecular Aspects

    Effects of Experimental Hypogravity on Peroxidase and Cell Wall Constituents in the Dwarf Marigold

    Radiation Biology and Space Physiology

    Mammals

    Mecanisme de Formation des Phosphenes par Action des Rayons-X

    Comparative Study of Lesions in the Brain of Rats Exposed to Heavy Ions: Accelerator and Stratospheric Flight Research

    Use of a Primate as an Experimental Model on Board Spacelab: Definition of a Two-Primate Biological Facility

    Amphibians

    An Apparatus for Studying Electroretinographic Responses Under Conditions of Space Flight

    Plants

    Radiobiological Investigations in Cosmos 782 Space Flight (Biobloc SF1 Experiment)

    Biological Study of Tobacco Seeds Flown in the Joint Apollo-Soyouz Test-Project

    Genetic Effects of Balloon Flight in Drosophila Melanogaster

    Bacteria

    Radiobiological Results from the Bacillus Subtilis Biostack Experiments within the Apollo and the ASTP Space Flights

    Author Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 168
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1978
  • Published: January 1, 1978
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483148830

About the Editors

R. Holmquist

A.C. Stickland

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