Last Resorts

Last Resorts

Emergency Assistance and Special Needs Programs in Public Welfare

1st Edition - January 28, 1983

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  • Authors: Joel F. Handler, Michael Sosin
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483260785

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Description

Last Resorts: Emergency Assistance and Special Needs Programs in Public Welfare studies the implementation of emergencies and special needs programs in the United States welfare system. The book examines the balance that is reached between individualized and standardized treatment to meet emergencies and special needs, two simultaneously occurring countertrends in public welfare. The monograph discusses such topics as the balance between standardization and individualization in public welfare in the American context; the impact of standardization on basic welfare programs; relationship between emergency and special needs assistance and general welfare policies; and achieving adequate coverage of special needs and emergencies. Public administrators, social workers, lawyers, and policymakers will find the book interesting.

Table of Contents


  • Contents

    List of Tables

    Foreword

    Acknowledgments

    1 Standardized Systems and Individual Needs

    From Discretion to Standardization

    The Countertrend: Emergency and Special Needs Programs

    Factors Shaping the Balance

    The Character of Specialized Aid

    Methods of Study

    2 The Impact of Standardization on Basic Welfare Programs

    How the Major Consolidated Programs Deal with Emergencies and Special Needs

    The Political Context of the Consolidated Grant

    3 Reactions to Standardization: Attempts to Fill the Gap

    Range of Programs Dealing with Emergency Assistance and Special Needs

    Coverage in Emergency Assistance and Special Needs Programs

    The Hodgepodge of State and County Programs

    4 The Influence of State Public Welfare Policies on Specialized Programs

    Conflicting Commitments and Pressures

    Sorting Out the Influences: Measures of Welfare Commitments

    The Relationship between Characteristics of the AFDC System and Specialized Assistance

    The Relationship between the Goals of the System and Specialized Assistance

    The Relationship between Community Pressures and Specialized Assistance

    Regression Analyses

    Three Types of States

    5 Rules, Procedures, and Delegation in State Programs

    State Rules and Procedures in Specialized Programs

    Relating Rules and Procedures to Costs and Caseloads

    Administrative Purposes of Rules and Procedures

    Appendix: Rules and the Welfare Policy Context

    6 County Administration of Specialized Programs

    County Rules and Procedures in Specialized Programs

    State and County Differences: Methodology or Substance?

    County Administrative Characteristics and Program Size

    Discrepancies between State and County Variables Predicting Program Size

    The Administrative Relationship between States and Counties

    7 Administrators' Perceptions of How Well the Specialized Programs Work

    Character of Program Administration

    Adequacy of the Specialized Programs

    Administrative Response to Increased Pressure

    The Toughest Problems

    The Dilemma of the Administrators

    8 Private Charity and Other Community Programs

    Responses to Inadequate Public Programs

    Availability of Community Resources and Private Charity

    How Community Resources and Private Charity Work: Case-Study Data

    The Mission of Private Charity

    9 A Comparative Note: Meeting Individualized Need in the British Supplementary Benefits Scheme

    The British Welfare System

    The Operation of the Supplementary Benefits Scheme

    Reform Proposals

    The 1976 Reform and Subsequent Reforms

    The Lesson of the British Experience

    10 Striking the Balance

    The System We Have

    Achieving Adequate Coverage of Special Needs and Emergencies

    Balancing Standardization and Individualization

    References

    Subject Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 288
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1983
  • Published: January 28, 1983
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483260785

About the Authors

Joel F. Handler

Michael Sosin

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