Landscape Design with Plants - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780434902347, 9781483100371

Landscape Design with Plants

2nd Edition

Editors: Brian Clouston
eBook ISBN: 9781483100371
Imprint: Newnes
Published Date: 1st February 1990
Page Count: 560
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Landscape Design with Plants, Second Edition focuses on landscape architecture. The book first discusses trees in the countryside. Adaptation to locality, self-town vegetation, designs for both short-term and long-term effect, ecological planting, and plant associations are described. The text looks at planting for forestry. The need for afforestation; forest habitat; scale of the forest mosaic; and woodlands as visual elements in the landscape are considered. The book puts emphasis on trees in urban areas, shrubs and groundcover, and herbaceous plants and bulbs. The text also focuses on water plants. The use of water plants in garden design, aquatic communities, and historical background are discussed. The book underscores the use and management of plant species native to Britain in landscaping; urban landscape and roof gardens; and how to transplant semi-mature trees. The text also describes reclamation and planting of industrial and urban wastelands; landscaping of reservoir margins; and the relationship of plants and air pollution. The book also puts emphasis on the use of vegetation in slope stabilization; planting in tropical lowland areas; planting in hot, arid climates; and the functional use of Australian plants. The selection is a must for readers interested in landscaping.

Table of Contents



The Authors

Part I Design


What the Eye Will See, the Imagination Foresees

Relating Future to Past — a Function of Design

The Earthy Path to Truth

Individual Responsibility and Teamwork


Chapter 1. Trees in the Countryside

1.1 Adaptation to Locality

1.2 Let the History of the Land be Seen

1.3 Self-Sown Vegetation

1.4 Design for both Short-Term and Long-Term Effect

1.5 Local Character

1.6 Ecological Planting

1.7 Plant Associations

1.8 Hedge History of the UK

Further Reading

Chapter 2. Planting for Forestry

2.1 The Need for Afforestation

2.2 The Forest Habitat

2.3 The Scale of the Forest Mosaic

2.4 The Differing Roles of Forests

2.5 Woodlands as Visual Elements in the Landscape

2.6 Planting Mixtures

2.7 Species Native to Britain

2.8 Species Introduced to Britain

Further Reading

Chapter 3. Trees in Urban Areas

3.1 Introduction

3.2 The Effect of Trees on the Urban Environment

3.3 Requirements

3.4 Trees and the Townscape

3.5 Trees in Housing Areas

3.6 Trees in Streets and Shopping Areas

3.7 Trees in Car Parks

3.8 Tree Selection

3.9 Maintenance and Management

3.10 Conclusion

Further Reading

Chapter 4. Shrubs and Groundcover

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Historical Background

4.3 Design Discipline

4.4 Design Principles

4.5 Detailed Design Considerations and Plant Selection

4.6 Groundcovers

4.7 Designing with Groundcover, Shrubs and Climbing Roses

4.8 Designing with Hedges and other Clipped and Pruned Elements

Further Reading

Chapter 5. Herbaceous Plants and Bulbs

5.1 Introduction

5.2 The Use of Herbaceous Plants and Bulbs

5.3 What to Plant

5.4 Planting and Maintenance

5.5 Conclusion

Further Reading


Chapter 6. Water Plants

6.1 Historical Background

6.2 The Use of Water Plants in Garden Design

6.3 Aquatic Communities

6.4 Conclusion

Further Reading


Part II Techniques

Chapter 7. The Use and Management of Plant Species Native to Britain

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Ecological Principles

7.3 Habitat Design and Management

7.4 Sources of Plant Material and Grant Aid

7.5 Recent Developments and likely Future Trends

7.6 Summary of General Guidelines

Further Reading

Chapter 8. Urban Landscape and Roof Gardens

8.1 Introduction

8.2 General Problems Relating to Roof Gardens

8.3 Environmental Conditions That Affect Urban Landscapes

8.4 Materials and Construction

8.5 Drainage

8.6 The Substrate

8.7 Irrigation

8.8 Case Study: Gateway House

8.9 Conclusion

Further Reading

Chapter 9. Transplanting Semi-Mature Trees

9.1 Introduction

9.2 The Use of Semi-Mature Trees

9.3 Restraints on Use

9.4 Physiology: Basic Knowledge for Tree Moving

9.5 The Practice of Tree Moving Related to Physiology

9.6 Conclusion

Further Reading


Chapter 10. Reclamation and Planting of Industrial and Urban Wasteland

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Factors Inhibiting Plant Growth

10.3 Techniques for Specific Sites

Further Reading

Chapter 11. The Landscaping of Reservoir Margins

11.1 Introduction

11.2 Flood-Tolerant Plants

11.3 Trees

11.4 Environmental Variables Determining Plant Growth

11.5 Planting Principles

11.6 Pre-Planting of New Reservoirs

11.7 Conclusion


Chapter 12. Plants and Air Pollution

12.1 Introduction

12.2 Significance of Air Pollution in Planting Success

12.3 Trends in Pollution and Planting

12.4 Plants and Acid Rain

12.5 Effects of Pollution on Plants

12.6 Sensitivity of Plants

12.7 Control of Pollution Impact by Planning and Planting

Further Reading

Chapter 13. The Use of Vegetation in Slope Stabilization

13.1 Introduction

13.2 Slope Erosion Problems

13.3 The Role of Vegetation

13.4 Environment and Soil

13.5 Use of Grasses and Herbaceous Plants

13.6 Use of Woody Plants

13.7 Choosing the Right Method


Chapter 14. Planting in Tropical Lowland Areas

14.1 The Tropics

14.2 Tropical Regions and Their Characteristics

14.3 Factors Affecting Planting in Tropical Regions

14.4 Factors Affecting Planting Design in Tropical Regions

14.5 Plant Material and its Use

14.6 Design Opportunities and Constraints

14.7 Planting Types

14.8 Plant Lists

Further Reading

Chapter 15. Planting in Hot, Arid Climates

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Landscape History

15.3 Climatic Factors

15.4 Soils

15.5 Water

15.6 Plant Water Requirements

15.7 Irrigation Systems

15.8 Planting Design

15.9 Summary of Information Required for Design Process and Planting

15.10 The Plants

15.11 Some Problems of Planting

15.12 Advantages of Planting in Arid Areas

15.13 Plant Lists

Further Reading


Chapter 16. The Functional Uses of Australian Plants

16.1 Introduction

16.2 Space Articulation

16.3 Screening

16.4 Erosion Control

16.5 Traffic Control

16.6 Acoustical Control

16.7 Windbreaks

16.8 Shade

Further Reading

Chapter 17. Landscape Management and the Fourth Design Dimension

17.1 Introduction

17.2 Professional Roles

17.3 Professional Skills and Structure

17.4 Management Contributions

17.5 Some Management Aids

17.6 Plans and Schedules

17.7 Basic Data: Availability and Sources

17.8 Future Developments

17.9 Conclusion

Further Reading


Chapter 18. The Establishment of Trees and Shrubs from Seed

18.1 The Role and History of Direct Seeding

18.2 Tree and Shrub Seed

18.3 Dates for Seeding

18.4 Seeding Patterns

18.5 Site Treatment

18.6 Calculation of Seeding Rates

18.7 Maintenance

Chapter 19. The Establishment of Trees and Shrubs

19.1 Introduction

19.2 Site Survey

19.3 Site Planning

19.4 Ground Preparation

19.5 Plant Specification

19.6 Planting Techniques

19.7 Maintenance

19.8 Long-Term Management

19.9 Contract Specification

19.10 Site Supervision

Further Reading

Chapter 20. Design and Management of Interior Landscape

20.1 Introduction

20.2 History

20.3 Design Considerations

20.4 Internal Space Potential

20.5 Requirements Imposed by the Design

20.6 Environmental Requirements

20.7 Product Availability and Sources

20.8 Plant Lists

Further Reading

Part III Plant and Tree Information Sheets

Plant Information Sheets

Tree Information Sheets



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About the Editor

Brian Clouston

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