Laboratory Experience in Psychology

Laboratory Experience in Psychology

A First Term's Work

1st Edition - January 1, 1965

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  • Author: B. Babington Smith
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483139203

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Description

Laboratory Experience in Psychology: A First Terms Work focuses on experimental psychology, which demonstrates a pragmatic, empirical approach that is endlessly adaptable to varying circumstances in determining human experience and through which the information governing human behavior is deciphered. The topics discussed in this book include the demonstrations and eyewitness accounts: fidelity of report; serial reproduction and the assessment of changes of meaning; control or exclusion of meaning; getting beneath recognition; and “weight,” a study of physical and perceptual dimensions. The “extent” and “density,” a paradigm of perceptual learning; “length” and the development of a frame of reference; and discussion and findings are also deliberated in this text. This publication is valuable to students and researchers conducting work in the psychological field.

Table of Contents


  • Acknowledgments

    Editor's Foreword

    Introduction

    Origin and Aims

    Beginner's Needs

    The Notion of an Experiment

    A Topic for Study

    The Evidence of our Senses

    Practices and Conventions Adopted

    1. Demonstrations and Eyewitness Accounts: Fidelity of Report

    The Setting and Introductory Talk

    Demonstrations

    Summary of Evidence from One Class

    Review of Reports from Classes

    Discussion of Detailed Results

    What Has Been Achieved

    What should Be Brought under Control

    2. Serial Reproduction, and the Assessment of Changes of Meaning

    Manual

    Summary of Quantitative Results

    Weaknesses in the Quantitative Method

    What is an Idea

    Variations in Procedure

    Effects of Individual Differences

    The Importance of Meaning and the Effect of Lapse of Time

    3. The Control or Exclusion of Meaning

    1. The First Route

    "Obliviscence" and the Exclusion of Coherent Meaning

    "Association" and Pointers to Meaning for Individuals

    "Nonsense Syllables" and the Growth of Meaning

    "Inkblots" and the Evocation of Meaning in the Non-representational

    2. A Second Route

    "Silhouettes" and the Emergence of Meaning

    The Nature of the Perceptual Response

    The Nature of Recognition and the Need to Get Beneath Recognition to Reach the Evidence of the Senses

    "Controlled Association" and the Establishment of a Set

    4. Getting Beneath Recognition

    "Of Sensations Commonly Ascribed to Touch"

    Descriptions of Recognized and Unrecognized Objects

    The Effects of not Being Allowed to Use Names

    Qualities Perceived in Handling

    Active Processes Necessary

    Link with Anatomy

    5. "Weight": A Study of Physical and Perceptual Dimensions

    1. How is Weight Appreciated

    Comparison between Human Judgments and Weighing Machines

    Discrepancies

    Roles of Size and Density

    2. Focus on Weight, Size and Density

    How is Size Involved

    How is Density Perceived

    Physical Weight Not Directly Experienced

    6. "Extent" and "Density", and a Paradigm of Perceptual Learning

    Comparison between Scattered Areas and Areas within One Boundary

    Systematic Error and Available Information

    Qualitative Change not Necessarily Reflected in Quantitative Measures

    Behavior in the Face of the Unfamiliar

    A Paradigm of Perceptual Learning

    7. "Length": And the Development of a Frame of Reference

    1. A Final Attempt at Complete Control

    Subject's Response Limited to Comparisons between Two Lengths

    Variety of Conditions

    Attempt to Balance Effects and to Prevent Learning

    Development of Patterns in Responses

    2. Effects of Conditions on Extent and Size

    Effects Relative and Absolute

    The Need for Further Exploration

    8. Discussion and Findings

    Recapitulation

    Has an Experiment Been Achieved

    What is the Evidence of the Senses

    Observing and Recording

    The Principle of the Three Records

    Statistical Method

    The Value of Descriptive Statistics

    Objections to Standard Methods of Statistical Inference

    Human Response to Control in a Laboratory

    Index


Product details

  • No. of pages: 264
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1965
  • Published: January 1, 1965
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483139203

About the Author

B. Babington Smith

About the Editor

G. P. Meredith

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