Kinetics of Chemical Processes

Kinetics of Chemical Processes

Butterworth-Heinemann Series in Chemical Engineering

1st Edition - May 7, 1991

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  • Author: Michel Boudart
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483183978

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Description

Kinetics of Chemical Processes details the concepts associated with the kinetic study of the chemical processes. The book is comprised of 10 chapters that present information relevant to applied research. The text first covers the elementary chemical kinetics of elementary steps, and then proceeds to discussing catalysis. The next chapter tackles simplified kinetics of sequences at the steady state. Chapter 5 deals with coupled sequences in reaction networks, while Chapter 6 talks about autocatalysis and inhibition. The seventh chapter describes the irreducible transport phenomena in chemical kinetics. The next two chapters discuss the correlations in homogenous kinetics and heterogeneous catalysis, respectively. The last chapter covers the analysis of reaction networks. The book will be of great use to students, researchers, and practitioners of scientific disciplines that deal with chemical reaction, particularly chemistry and chemical engineering.

Table of Contents


  • Preface and Erratum

    Preface To The Original Printing

    Chapter 1 Introduction

    1.1 The Scope of Chemical Kinetics

    1.2 The Extent of Reaction

    1.3 The Rate of Reaction

    1.4 General Properties of the Rate Function for a Single Reaction

    1.5 Ideal Reactors

    1.6 Stirred-Flow Reactors

    1.7 Ideal Tubular Reactors

    1.8 Measurement of Reaction Rates

    Chapter 2 Chemical Kinetics of Elementary Steps

    2.1 Definition of an Elementary Step

    2.2 Transition-State Theory

    2.3 The Rate of an Elementary Step

    2.4 Thermodynamic Formulation of Rates

    2.5 The Collision Theory and the Equation of Arrhenius

    2.6 Rates and Equilibrium

    2.7 Rates in Solutions and in Thermodynamically Nonideal Systems

    2.8 Summary

    Chapter 3 The Steady-State ApproximationN: Catalysis

    3.1 Single Reactions: Open and Closed Sequences

    3.2 The Steady-State Approximation

    3.3 Kinetic Treatment of Catalytic Sequences

    3.4 Kinetic Treatment of Chain Reactions

    3.5 Principle of Microscopic Reversibility

    3.6 Kinetics of Polymerization

    Chapter 4 Simplified Kinetics of Sequences at the Steady State

    4.1 The Rate-determining Step

    4.2 The Stoichiometric Number of the Rate-determining Step

    4.3 Shift in Rate-determining Step

    4.4 Rate-determining Active Centers

    4.5 Ambiguity of Simplified Kinetics

    Chapter 5 Coupled Sequences in parallel

    5.2 Catalytic Reactions in Series

    5.3 Chain Reactions in Parallel

    5.4 Chain Reactions in Series

    Chapter 6 Autocatalysis and Inhibition

    6.1 Acceleration of the Rate

    6.2 Branched Chains

    6.3 Degenerate Branching

    6.4 Reactions Involving Solids

    6.5 Inhibition

    Chapter 7 Irreducible Transport Phenomena in Chemical Kinetics

    7.1 The Gel and Cage Effects

    7.2 The Wall Effect

    7.3 The Penetration Effect

    7.4 Thermal Explosions, Ignition, Stability

    Chapter 8 Correlations in Homogeneous Kinetics

    8.1 The Polanyi Relation

    8.2 The Bronsted Relation

    8.3 The Hammett Relation: Linear Free-energy Relationships

    8.4 The Compensation Effect

    8.5 The Acidity Function in Acid-Base Catalysis

    Chapter 9 Correlation in Heterogeneous Catalysis

    9.1 Catalysis on a Nonuniform Surface

    9.2 Activity and Selectivity

    9.3 The Principle of Sabatier

    9.4 A Kinetic Comparison Between Homogeneous and Heterogeneous Catalysis

    Chapter 10 Analysis of Reaction Networks

    10.1 The Kinetic Tracer Technique of Neiman

    10.2 Kinetic Behavior of a Network of First-order Reversible Reactions : The Method of Wei and Prater

    10.3 Determination of Straight-line Reaction Paths

    10.4 Calculation of Rate Constants

    10.5 Illustration: Isomerization of Butenes on Alumina

    10.6 Kinetic Response of Reaction Networks

    Appendix

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 262
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Butterworth-Heinemann 1991
  • Published: May 7, 1991
  • Imprint: Butterworth-Heinemann
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483183978

About the Author

Michel Boudart

About the Editor

Howard Brenner

Affiliations and Expertise

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

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