Kidney and Body Fluids

Kidney and Body Fluids

Proceedings of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Sciences, Budapest, 1980

1st Edition - January 1, 1981

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  • Editor: L. Takács
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483153803

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Advances in Physiological Sciences, Volume 11: Kidney and Body Fluids offers a thorough discussion of the experiments, research, and investigations done on the function, composition, and chemical reactions the kidney and body fluids undergo. Divided into 10 parts and having 88 chapters, the book features lengthy literature of authors who have actively pursued research on kidney and body fluids. Areas covered include renal cell cultures and blood flow; glomerulotubular balance; cell ionic activity and element analysis; electrophysiology and epithelial transport; and tubular handling of phosphate and calcium. Tubular acidification, regulation of water balance, and extracellular volume control are also discussed. The text presents as well how the study of the kidney and body fluids have captured the interest of physiologists and other individuals interested in this discipline. The book is a dependable source of information for those interested in the composition, function, and chemical reactions of the kidney and body fluids. The text is highly recommended to scholars and students who find this field of study interesting.

Table of Contents

  • Foreword


    Neural Control of Renal Function

    A Membrane-Molecular Approach to Renal Physiology

    Phylogenetic Aspects of Ion Transport in the Kidney

    Renal Cortical Interstitium and Renal Lymph with Remarks on a Stochastic Conception of the Reflexion Coefficient of the Peritubular Capillary Wall

    Tubulo-Glomerular Feedback

    Ontogenetic Aspects, Compensatory Hypertrophy

    Renal Ontogeny and Compensatory Hypertrophy

    Ontogeny of Amino Acid Reabsorption in Mammalian Kidney, the Proline Model

    Para-Amino-Hippurate Uptake by Cultured Fetal Mouse Kidneys

    The Developing Kidney and the Age-Dependent Adaptation to the Salt Intake

    Factors Influencing Renal Sodium Excretion in the Fetal Lamb

    Development of Glomerular and Tubular Function in Fetal and Newborn Pigs and their Response to Hypotonic Saline Load

    Structural and Functional Compensatory Hypertrophy in Chronically Altered Rat Nephrons

    Kidney Collagen Content Following Nephrectomy in Rats of Different Ages

    The Role of Lymphatic Tissue in the Compensatory Renal Growth

    Integration of Water and Salt Metabolism Control Mechanisms in Ontogenesis

    Concluding Remarks on Renal Ontogeny and Hypertrophy

    Renal Cell Cultures

    Renal Cell Cultures

    Hormone-Dependent Differential Growth of Renal Epithelia Cultivated In Vitro from Individual Mammalian Nephron Segments

    Transport Related Properties and the Development of Polarity of an Established Epithelial Cell Line of Renal Origin

    Concluding Remarks on Renal Cell Cultures

    Renal Blood Flow

    Introduction to Renal Blood Flow

    "Redistribution" of Intrarenal Blood Flow: A Question of Microsphere Size?

    General and Intrarenal Hemodynamic Alterations after Unilateral Nephrectomy in Rats

    Macula Densa Feedback Regulation of Renal Hemodynamics and Renal Auto-Regulation

    Autoregulation of Glomerular Filtration Rate and Renal Blood Flow in Conscious Rats

    Role of Calcium and Aalbumin in the Autoregulation of Renal Blood Flow

    Renal and Nephron Hemodynamics in the Dog Kidney at Varying Perfusion Pressure

    Renal Vascular Tone Affects the Severity of Renal Artery Stenosis in Conscious Dogs

    Effect of Indomethacin (IM) on Renal Function before and after Release of 24 Hours Unilateral (UUL) and Bilateral (BUL) Ureteral Ligation

    Concluding Remarks on Renal Blood Flow

    Glomerulotubular Balance

    Glomerulotubular Balance

    Intraluminal Control of Glomerulotubular Balance (GTB)

    Intrinsic Factors Regulating Glomerulotubular Balance

    Carbonic Anhydrase and Na, K-ATPase in the Regulation of Tubular Sodium Transport

    The Relationship between Glomerular Tubular Balance (GTB) and the Hydrodynamics in the Mammalian Proximal Tubule

    Glomerulotubular Balance: Renal Bicarbonate Reabsorption Varies with Plasma pH

    Bicarbonate as Mediator of Glomerulotubular Balance during Osmotic Diuresis

    Concluding Remarks on Glomerulotubular Balance

    Cell Ionic Activity and Element Analysis

    Element-Specific Biophysical Approaches to the Study of Intracellular Fluids

    Intracellular Electrochemical Potentials of K+ Na+, Cl-and HCO-3 in Cells of Renal Tubules

    Direct Measurement of Intracellular Na and K Activities in the Renal Tubular Cells with Triple-Barreled Micro-Electrodes

    Membrane Potentials and Elemental Microanalysis of Renal Papillary Cells

    Cytosolic Ca Ion Activity in Proximal Tubular Cells of Necturus Kidney

    Concluding Remarks on Cell Ionic Activity and Element Analysis

    Electrophysiology and Epithelial Transport

    Introduction to Electrophysiology and Epithelial Transport: The Use of Fast Concentration Step Experiments in the Electrical Analysis of Tubular Transport

    Time Course of Ouabain and Furosemide Effects on Transepithelial Potential Difference in Cortical Thick Ascending Limbs of Rabbit Nephrons

    Inhibition of Fluid Reabsorption and Sodium Efflux by Low Peritubular Na and by A23187 or Quinidine in Isolated Perfused Proximal Tubules of the Rabbit

    The Double-Barreled Microelectrode for the Measurement of Intracellular pH, Using Liquid Ion-Exchanger, and its Biological Application

    Electrical Properties of Proximal Tubular Cell Membranes of Necturus Kidney

    Changes in Membrane Resistance of Renal Proximal Tubule Induced by Cotransport of Sodium and Organic Solute

    A Cyanine Dye as Indicator of Membrane Electrical Potential Differences in Brush Border Membrane Vesicles. Studies with K+ Gradients and Na+/Amino Acid Cotransport

    The Stoichiometry of Na+ Coupled Anion Absorption Across the Brushborder Membrane of Rat Renal Proximal Tubule

    Concluding Remarks on Electrophysiology and Epithelial Transport

    Tubular Handling of Calcium and Phosphate

    Mechanisms of Renal Epithelial Transport of Phosphate

    Effect of pH on Renal Phosphate Transport

    Control of the Tubular Handling of Phosphate: Relation between the Adaptation Mechanism and 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3

    Adaptation of Tubular Phosphate (Pi) Transport to Renal Mass Reduction in Thyroparathyroidectomized (TPTX) Rats

    Renal Handling of Phosphate (Pi) and Calcium (Ca) in X-Linked Hypophosphatemic (HYP) Mice

    Heterogeneity of Calcium Transport in the Medullary and Cortical Segments of the Thick Ascending Limb

    Concluding Remarks on Tubular Handling of Calcium and Phosphate

    Tubular Acidification

    H+ Electrochemical Potential Profile and Luminal Acidification in Necturus Proximal Tubule

    Role of Anion Transport Mechanisms in Proximal Tubule Acidification

    Proton Translocation Systems in Rat Renal Brush Border Membranes

    Primary Electrogenic H Pump in the Proximal Tubule

    Profile of Total CO2 Movements along the Proximal Tubule of Rat Kidney

    Studies on the Disequilibrium pH in Renal Tubules

    Renal Tubular Net Acid (NA) Excretion: Interpretations from Potassium Imbalance

    Reabsorptive Mechanism of Bicarbonate Ions Across the Luminal Membrane of Proximal Tubule

    Concluding Remarks on Renal Tubular Acidification

    Regulation of Water Balance

    Nonosmotic Release and Vascular Effects of Vasopressin

    Osmotic and Hemodynamic Control of Vasopressin: Functional and Anatomical Relationships

    The Effect of Vasopressin on its Target Cell

    The Role of Angiotensin II in the Control of Hypovolemic Thirst and Sodium Appetite

    Effect of Osmotic Stimuli on the Concentration of Vasopressin in Jugular and Peripheral Venous Plasma

    Role of Arginine Vasotocin (AVT) in Osmoregulation of Conscious Pekin Ducks at Different States of Salt and Water Balance: Central and Afferent Control of Serum AVT

    Concentration of Urine in the Absence of Vasopressin: Effect of Decreased Renal Perfusion Pressure in Conscious Brattleboro Homozygotes

    A Circulating Plasma Factor that Inhibits the Action of Antidiuretic Hormone

    Mechanism of the Renal Hyaluronate-Hydrolase Activation in Response to ADH

    Extracellular Volume Control

    Introductory Remarks to the Control of the Extracellular Fluid Volume

    Role of Sodium in Cerebral Control of Body Fluid Homeostasis

    Postprandial Volume Regulation and Renin-Angiotensin System in Conscious Dogs

    The Renal Response to Salt Loading

    The Past and the Presence of a Natriuretic Hormone

    Cerebral Sodium Sensors, Thirst and Sodium Balance in Sheep

    Diuretic Response to Left Atrial Distension is Eliminated after Cardiac Denervation

    Food Restriction, Fluid Balance and Electrolyte Balance in Sheep

    Extracellular Fluid Volume in Skeletal Muscle of Man as Affected by Postural Changes

    The Nature and the Mechanism of the Liver Osmoreceptor Excitation

    Concluding Remarks on Control of the Extracellular Fluid Volume


Product details

  • No. of pages: 688
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 1981
  • Published: January 1, 1981
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483153803

About the Editor

L. Takács

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