Keeping and Breeding Aquarium Fishes

Keeping and Breeding Aquarium Fishes

1st Edition - January 1, 1953

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  • Author: C. W. Emmens
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272894

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Description

Keeping and Breeding Aquarium Fishes deals with the aquarium as a going concern, on the factors which enter into the maintenance of this state, and on fish breeding. Cold-water and goldfish enthusiasts may complain that the tropicals seem to get an overweight share of the text. This is because they need it. This book is not concerned with fancy varieties or show standards, except so far as they need special conditions for maintenance or breeding. The book opens with a chapter on the elements of a balanced aquarium, covering tanks, plants, and aquarium snails. This is followed by separate chapters on anatomy and physiology of fishes, fish foods and feeding, the principles of aquarium keeping, the process of setting up a tank, lighting and heating; and the aeration, filtration, and circulation of the water. Subsequent chapters deal with and aquarium rooms with breeding batteries; the breeding of livebearers, egg scatterers, anabantids, and cichlids; types of fish disease, and keeping saltwater fishes.

Table of Contents


  • Chapter I—The Modern Aquarium

    The Rectangular Tank

    The Balanced Aquarium

    Aquarium Plants

    Mollusks

    Other Tank Inhabitants

    Fishes

    Chapter II—The Anatomy and Physiology of Fishes

    Fins

    Body

    Peculiarities of Fish Anatomy

    Swimming and Balancing

    Metabolic Rate and Oxygen Need

    Growth, Age, and Size

    Salt Tolerance and Excretion

    Temperature Tolerance and Adaptability

    Reproduction

    Chapter III—Feeding Fishes

    Natural Foods

    Dried Foods

    Other Prepared Foods

    Live Foods

    Antibiotics

    Feeding

    Chapter IV—The Principles of Aquarium Keeping

    Shape and Size of Tanks

    Fish Capacity of Tanks

    Modifying Factors

    Water Quality

    New and Old Water

    Cloudy Water

    Removal of Mulm

    Removal of Fixed Algae

    Routine Checks

    Chapter V—Setting Up a Tank

    Sand or Gravel

    Stones, Rockwork, and Ornaments

    Planting

    Heating and Lighting

    Covers

    Introducing Fishes

    Catching Fishes

    Chapter VI—Lighting and Heating

    Light Needed by Plants

    Artificial Light

    Lighting Intensity

    Fluorescent Lighting

    Heating

    Types of Heater

    Thermostats

    Multiple Circuits

    Controlled Differences in Tank Temperature

    Chapter VII—Aeration, Filtration, and Circulation of the Water

    Aeration Stones

    Factors Affecting Efficiency

    Types of Air Pump

    Other Aeration Methods

    Pumping Water

    Filters

    Circulation Systems

    Chapter VIII—Aquarium Rooms and Breeding Batteries

    Heating and Heat Conservation

    Lighting Arrangements

    The Tanks

    Aeration

    Water and Drainage

    Quarantine Tanks

    Breeding Batteries

    Chapter IX—Breeding Livebearers

    Sex in Livebearers

    Fertilization

    Development

    Saving the Young

    Feeding the Young

    Strains

    Hybrids

    Breeding Outside

    Culling Livebearer Young

    Forced Growth

    Chapter X—Breeding the Egg Scatterers

    Sex in Egg Scatterers

    Cleaning Tanks

    Setting Up Tanks

    Spawning

    Aberrant Types

    Incubation of the Eggs

    Hatching

    Chapter XI—Breeding the Anabantids, Cichlids, and Some Others

    Sex Differences

    Suitable Tanks

    Anabantid Courtship and Spawning

    Cichlid Courtship and Spawning

    Other Species

    Chapter XII—Feeding and Rearing the Fry

    Foods and Food Sizes

    Infusorial Feeding Methods

    Later Feeding

    Space Requirements and Culling

    Ridding of Pests

    Chapter XIII—Diseases and Parasites

    White Spot or Ich

    Fungus

    Mouth Fungus

    Fin Congestion and Tail Rot

    Flukes

    Fish Lice and Anchor Worm

    Rust, or Velvet Disease

    Neon Tetra Disease

    Ichthyophonus

    Dropsy

    Tuberculosis

    Pop-Eyes

    Egg-Binding

    Swim-Bladder Diseases

    "Shimmies"

    Melanosis

    Constipation

    Abrasions and Wounds

    General Treatment

    Weights and Measures

    Stock Solutions

    Chapter XIV—Marine Aquaria

    The Salt Tank

    Artificial Sea Water

    Plants, Rocks, and Sand

    Maintenance

    Fish Capacity

    Suitable Fishes

    Marine Invertebrates

    Feeding

    Diseases

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 212
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1953
  • Published: January 1, 1953
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483272894

About the Author

C. W. Emmens

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