Joshi and Kotwal's Essentials of Orthopaedics And Applied Physiotherapy, 4ed

Joshi and Kotwal's Essentials of Orthopaedics And Applied Physiotherapy, 4ed

4th Edition - June 18, 2020

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  • Authors: Prakash Kotwal, Kanchan Mittal

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Description

Key Features

Chapters are rearranged into well-defined sections as per syllabus.

• Newer surgical concepts as well as physiotherapy techniques have been added within the chapters.
• The references have been updated
• Week-wise rehabilitation protocols for common post-surgical conditions included.
conditions and physiotherapy procedures.

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • Dedication
  • Preface to the fourth edition
  • Preface to the third edition
  • Preface to the first edition
  • Physiotherapy videos
  • Section I:. Orthopaedics and Physiotherapy
  • 1.  Orthopaedics and physiotherapy
  •     Goal and role of both the sciences
  •     Orthopaedic disorders
  •     Orthopaedic physiotherapy and cardiopulmonary conditioning
  •     Chest physiotherapy
  •     Cardiopulmonary resuscitation or ABC of life support
  •     Bibliography
  •     Physiotherapy as applied to orthopaedics
  •     Chest physiotherapy
  • 2.  The bones and joints
  •     Human skeleton
  •     Structural and microscopic composition of a bone
  •     Development and growth of a long bone
  •     General structure of a long bone (fig. 2.2e)
  •     Blood supply to a long bone
  •     Joints
  •     Broad classification of joints
  • 3.  Inflammation, soft-tissue injuries and musculoskeletal disorders
  •     Inflammation
  •     Soft-tissue injury
  •     Muscle and tendon injury
  •     Injury to the ligament (table 3.4)
  •     Injury to the synovial membrane (synovium) (box 3.3)
  •     Injury to the nerve
  •     Injury to the blood vessel (box 3.6)
  •     Injury to the bursa (box 3.7)
  •     Injuries of the musculotendinous complex
  •     Miscellaneous soft-tissue conditions
  •     Musculoskeletal disorders
  •     Physiotherapist’s skill in educating and guiding self-efforts and dependency
  •     Bibliography
  •     Inflammation
  •     Soft-tissue injury
  •     Musculoskeletal disorders
  • 4.  Prevention of fractures
  •     Major causes of fractures
  •     To overcome/reduce the preventable fractures
  • Section II:. Fractures and Dislocation
  • 5.  Fractures (general principles)
  •     Types of fractures
  •     Diagnosis of fractures
  •     Healing of fractures
  •     Treatment of fractures
  •     Complications of fractures
  •     Bibliography
  • 6.  Injuries around the shoulder
  •     Fractures of the clavicle
  •     Fractures of the scapula (fig. 6.3)
  •     Dislocation of the acromioclavicular joint
  •     Dislocation of the sternoclavicular joint
  •     Recurrent anterior dislocation of the shoulder
  •     Fracture dislocation of the shoulder
  •     Fracture of the greater tuberosity of humerus
  •     Fractures of the proximal humerus
  • 7.  Injuries of the arm
  •     Fractures of the shaft of humerus
  • 8.  Injuries of the elbow
  •     Fracture of the capitulum
  •     Supracondylar fracture of the humerus
  •     Intercondylar fracture of the humerus
  •     Fracture of single condyles of the humerus
  •     Pulled elbow
  •     Dislocation of the elbow
  •     Fracture of the olecranon
  •     Fracture of the head and neck of the radius
  •     Sideswipe injury of the elbow
  •     Bibliography
  • 9.  Injuries of the forearm
  •     Fractures of the radius and ulna
  •     Isolated fractures of the radius and ulna
  •     Fracture and dislocation of the forearm
  • 10.  Injuries of the wrist
  •     Colles’ fracture
  •     Smith fracture
  •     Barton fracture
  •     Fracture of the distal radius: Current status
  •     Fracture of the scaphoid
  •     Injuries of the lunate
  • 11.  Injuries of the hand
  •     Closed injuries
  •     Open injuries
  • 12.  Injuries of the spine
  •     Injuries of the spine
  •     Injuries of the cervical spine
  •     Injuries of the lower cervical spine
  •     Injuries of the thoracic spine
  •     Injuries of the thoracolumbar spine
  •     Injuries of the lumbar spine
  •     Bibliography
  • 13.  Injuries of the pelvis and chest
  •     Fractures of the pelvis
  •     Injuries of the coccyx
  •     Fracture of the ribs
  • 14.  Injuries of the hip
  •     Dislocation of the hip
  •     Injuries around the hip
  • 15.  Injuries of the thigh
  •     Fractures of the shaft of femur
  • 16.  Injuries of the knee
  •     Supracondylar fracture of the femur
  •     Intercondylar fracture of the femur
  •     Physiotherapeutic management of supracondylar and intercondylar fractures of the femur
  •     Fracture of the patella
  •     Acute dislocation of the patella
  •     Recurrent dislocation of the patella
  •     Dislocation of the knee
  •     Fractures of the proximal tibia (tibial plateau)
  • 17.  Injuries of the leg
  •     Fracture of the tibia and fibula (fractures of both bones of the leg)
  • 18.  Injuries of the ankle and foot
  •     Fractures around the ankle
  •     Hindfoot fractures
  •     Fracture of the calcaneum
  •     Midfoot fractures
  •     Forefoot fractures
  •     Bibliography
  • 19.  Emergency management of a polytrauma patient
  •     Pattern of orthopaedic injuries in polytrauma
  •     Management of polytrauma patients
  •     Disaster management
  • Section III:. Regional Conditions
  • 20.  Locomotion and gait
  •     Locomotion
  •     III Methods of gait evaluation
  •     5. Gait abnormalities
  •     11. Gait training
  •     Bibliography
  • 21.  Regional orthopaedic soft-tissue lesions of the shoulder, elbow, forearm and wrist
  •     Functional anatomy of the shoulder joint
  •     Soft-tissue lesions at shoulder
  •     Soft-tissue lesions at the elbow
  •     Soft-tissue conditions of the WRIST
  •     Bibliography
  • 22.  Hand
  •     Anatomy of the hand
  •     Functional requirements of the hand
  •     Methods of evaluation of the hand
  •     Hand splints
  •     Tendon injuries
  •     Mallet finger
  •     Burns of the hand
  •     Infections of the hand
  •     Vasospastic diseases of the hand
  •     Crush injuries
  •     Ganglion (fig. 22.33)
  •     De quervain disease
  •     Tenosynovitis
  •     Suppurative tenosynovitis
  •     Tenovaginitis
  •     Trigger finger
  •     Bibliography
  • 23.  Spine
  •     Congenital spinal anomaly
  •     Developmental disorders of the spine
  •     Low back pain
  •     Degenerative disc diseases
  •     Bibliography
  •     Spina bifida
  •     Cervical syndrome
  •     Low back pain
  •     Lumbar spondylolisthesis
  •     Postural deviation
  • 24.  Regional orthopaedic conditions at the hip
  •     Hip joint
  •     Coxa vara
  •     Coxa valga
  •     Perthes disease (syn: Legg–calve–perthes disease, coxa plana, pseudocoxalgia) (fig. 24.13A)
  •     Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (fig. 24.17)
  •     Osteochondritis
  •     Rare hip pathologies
  •     Bibliography
  • 25.  Regional orthopaedic conditions at the knee
  •     Functional anatomy
  •     Examination of the knee
  •     Ligament injuries
  •     Arthroscopy and arthroscopic surgery
  •     Osteotomy around the knee
  •     Quadricepsplasty
  •     Chondromalacia patellae
  •     Osteochondritis dissecans
  •     Popliteal cysts
  •     Bibliography
  • 26.  Regional orthopaedic conditions at the ankle and foot
  •     Arches of the foot
  •     Ankle joint
  •     Joints of the foot
  •     Muscular representation of neurologic levels
  •     Ankle sprain
  •     Heel pain
  •     Metatarsalgia
  •     Morton metatarsalgia
  •     Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  •     Injuries to the tendo-achilles
  •     Tenosynovitis around the ankle
  •     Talipes equinus
  •     Pes cavus (contracted foot)
  •     Pes planus (flat foot)
  •     Hallux valgus
  •     Hallux rigidus
  •     Hammer toe
  •     Bibliography
  • Section IV:. Deformity
  • 27.  Deformity
  •     Introduction
  •     Congenital deformities
  •     Acquired deformities
  •     Developmental disorders of the bone
  •     Paget disease (osteitis deformans)
  •     Congenital multiple exostosis (diaphyseal aclasis)
  •     Cerebral palsy
  •     Muscular dystrophy
  •     Other rare conditions
  •     Bibliography
  • 28.  Poliomyelitis
  •     Introduction
  •     Virology
  •     Pathology
  •     Clinical characteristics
  •     Differential diagnosis
  •     Course of recovery
  •     Physiotherapeutic management
  •     Rehabilitative surgery
  •     Summary
  •     Bibliography
  • 29.  Infections of the bones and joints
  •     Osteomyelitis
  •     Skeletal tuberculosis
  •     Pyogenic arthritis (septic arthritis, infective arthritis, suppurative arthritis)
  •     Gonococcal arthritis
  •     Syphilitic infection of bones and joints
  •     Fungal infections of the bone
  • 30.  Metabolic bone diseases
  •     Metabolic disorders of the bone
  •     Nutritional infant rickets
  •     Other types of rickets
  •     Osteomalacia
  •     Hyperparathyroidism
  •     Osteoporosis
  • 31.  Bone tumours
  •     Tumours
  •     Bone tumours
  •     Benign bone tumours
  •     Malignant bone tumours
  •     Primary bone tumours
  •     Secondary bone tumours (bone metastases)
  •     Bibliography
  • 32.  Lesions of the brachial plexus
  •     Brachial plexus
  •     Erb palsy
  •     Klumpke paralysis
  •     Brachial neuritis
  •     Radiation-induced brachial plexus lesion
  •     Bibliography
  • 33.  Peripheral nerve injuries
  •     Formation of a peripheral nerve
  •     Structure of the peripheral nerve
  •     Pathophysiology of nerve degeneration and regeneration
  •     Classification of peripheral nerve injuries
  •     Incidence
  •     Aetiology
  •     Clinical features/signs and symptoms
  •     Steps in the evaluation and diagnosis of peripheral nerve injury
  •     Injuries to the major peripheral nerves
  •     Median nerve (nerve roots C5–T1)
  •     Ulnar nerve (nerve roots C8–T1)
  •     Radial nerve (nerve roots C5–T1)
  •     Peripheral nerves of the lower limb (table 33.14)
  •     Compressive lesions of the lower limbs
  •     Bibliography
  •     Brachial plexus lesions
  •     Peripheral nerve injury
  • 34.  Arthritides
  •     Arthritis
  •     Osteoarthritis
  •     Rheumatoid arthritis
  •     Haemophilia (haemophilic arthritis)
  •     Ankylosing spondylitis
  •     Other forms of seronegative arthropathies
  •     Metabolic arthritis
  •     Connective tissue diseases
  •     Charcot joint
  •     Miscellaneous conditions
  •     Bibliography
  •     Rheumatoid arthritis
  •     Haemophilia
  • 35.  Arthrodesis, arthroplasty and osteotomy
  •     Arthrodesis
  •     Arthroplasty
  •     Osteotomy
  •     Bibliography
  •     Total hip replacement arthroplasty (THR)
  •     Girdlestone arthroplasty
  •     Total knee replacement arthroplasty
  •     Arthroplasty of ankle
  •     Arthroplasty of hand
  •     Osteotomy
  •     Total hip replacement
  • Section V:. Pediatric and Geriatrics Conditions
  • 36.  Common paediatric and adolescent musculoskeletal disorders and fractures
  •     Disorders of the hip
  •     Disorders of the knee
  •     Disorders of the foot
  •     Disorders of the neck
  •     Disorders of the shoulder
  •     Treatment
  •     Disorders of the elbow
  •     Throwing injuries
  •     Disorders of the back
  •     Treatment
  •     Fractures in children
  •     Bibliography
  • 37.  Geriatric: Orthopaedics and physiotherapy
  •     Geriatrics orthopaedics
  •     Geriatric physiotherapy
  •     Balance tests
  •     Forms of geriatric physical therapy
  •     Bibliography
  • Section VI:. Miscellaneous Disorders
  • 38.  Amputations
  •     Indications for amputation
  •     Level of amputation
  •     Foot amputations
  •     Prosthesis
  •     Bibliography
  • 39.  Sports medicine
  •     Incidence and broad classification of sports injuries
  •     Role of physiotherapy
  •     Bibliography
  • 40.  Yoga and physiotherapy
  •     Yoga and physiotherapy
  •     Types of yoga and genuine yoga
  •     Yoga asanas
  •     Pranayama
  •     Preventive and promotive aspects of yoga
  •     Therapeutic benefits of yoga
  •     Preventive and promotive aspects of physiotherapy
  •     Therapeutic benefits of physiotherapy
  •     Rationale of yoga and physiotherapy
  •     Yoga as applied to physiotherapy
  •     Conclusion
  •     Bibliography
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 700
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier India 2020
  • Published: June 18, 2020
  • Imprint: Elsevier India

About the Authors

Prakash Kotwal

Prakash Kotwal attained his MS (Orthopaedics) from M G M. Medical College, Indore, India in 1977 and joined the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. After serving in the department of Orthopaedics at AIIMS in various positions, he is presently working as Professor and Head of the department. He is recipient of WHO Fellowship, Indo-German Fellowship and IOA Travelling Fellowship. He has been a visiting Professor in Orthopaedics to the B P Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal in 2001. He has authored two text books, published over 100 scientific articles in national and international journals and has contributed more than 26 chapters in various text books.

Kanchan Mittal

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