Joining Textiles

Joining Textiles

Principles and Applications

1st Edition - January 24, 2013

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  • Editors: I Jones, G K Stylios
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845696276
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857093967

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Understanding the techniques for joining fabrics together in a way that considers durability, strength, leak-tightness, comfort in wear and the aesthetics of the joints is critical to the production of successful, structurally secure fabric products. Joining textiles: Principles and applications is an authoritative guide to the key theories and methods used to join fabrics efficiently.Part one provides a clear overview of sewing technology. The mechanics of stitching, sewing and problems related to sewn textiles are discussed, along with mechanisms of sewing machines and intelligent sewing systems. Part two goes on to explore adhesive bonding of textiles, including principles, methods and applications, along with a review of bonding requirements in coating and laminating of textiles. Welding technologies are the focus of part three. Heat sealing, ultrasonic and dielectric textile welding are covered, as are laser seaming of fabrics and the properties and performance of welded or bonded seams. Finally, part four reviews applications of joining textiles such as seams in non-iron shirts and car seat coverings, joining of wearable electronic components and technical textiles, and the joining techniques involved in industrial and medical products including nonwoven materials.With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Joining textiles is an important reference work for textile product manufacturers, designers and technologists, fibre scientists, textile engineers and academics working in this area.

Key Features

  • Provides an authoritative guide to the key theories and methods used to efficiently join fabrics
  • Discusses the mechanics of stitching and sewing and problems related to sewn textiles, alongside mechanisms of sewing machines, and intelligent sewing systems
  • Explores adhesive bonding of textiles, including principles, methods and applications, along with a review of bonding requirements in coating and laminating of textiles


Textile technologists, fiber scientists, textile engineers and those in academia

Table of Contents

  • Contributor contact details

    Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles


    Chapter 1: Types of fabric and their joining requirements


    1.1 Introduction

    1.2 The main types of natural fibre

    1.3 Synthetic fibres

    1.4 High performance fibres

    1.5 The process of creating fabrics from fibres

    1.6 Woven fabric structures

    1.7 Knitted fabric structures

    1.8 Non-woven fabrics

    1.9 Joining fabrics: seams and stitches

    1.10 Stitching in practice: the case of high performance fabrics

    1.11 Alternative methods of joining fabrics: welded seams

    1.12 Ultrasonic welding

    1.13 Conclusions

    1.14 Acknowledgements

    Part 1: Sewing technology

    Chapter 2: The mechanics of stitching


    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 The principles of stitching

    2.3 Conclusion

    2.5 Appendix: nomenclature and notation

    Chapter 3: The sewing of textiles


    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Types of sewing machine

    3.3 Machine feeding systems

    3.4 Machine settings and sewing quality

    3.5 Needle size and point type

    3.6 Stitch classification and applications

    3.7 Seam classification and applications

    3.8 Sewing threads

    3.9 Seaming quality problems

    3.10 Seam pucker: causes and prevention

    3.11 Thread breakage: causes and prevention

    3.12 Needle breakage

    3.13 Slipped/missed stitching: causes and prevention

    3.14 Uneven seams: causes and prevention

    3.15 Comparing welded and sewn seams

    3.16 Future trends

    Chapter 4: Mechanisms of sewing machines


    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 The evolution of the sewing machine

    4.3 Machine categorisation

    4.4 Integrated stitching unit (ISU)

    4.5 Types of motors used in sewing machines

    4.6 Three-thread overlock with a microprocessor

    4.7 Mechanised sewing machines

    4.8 Semi-automatic machines, automated workstations and transfer lines

    4.9 Advantages and limitations of machine automation

    4.10 Computer numerical control (CNC)

    4.11 Achieving fully automated apparel manufacture through the application of robotics

    4.12 Conclusion

    4.13 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 5: Problems relating to sewing


    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 Seam elasticity

    5.3 Seam failure

    5.4 Seam problems related to material feeding

    5.5 Problems in stitch formation

    5.6 Seam pucker and other surface distortions

    5.7 Future trends

    5.8 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 6: The quality and performance of sewn seams


    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 Seam strength

    6.3 Seam extensibility and recovery

    6.4 Seam puckering

    6.5 Seam slippage

    6.6 Drape and bending

    6.7 Seam grinning/gaping

    6.8 Barrier properties of seams

    6.9 Flame retardancy of seams

    6.10 Degradation/damage of seams

    6.11 Sources of further information and advice

    Chapter 7: Intelligent sewing systems for garment automation and robotics


    7.1 Introduction

    7.2 Developments in the automation of sewing

    7.3 Operational principles of the intelligent sewability environment (ISE)

    7.4 Conclusions

    Part II: Adhesive bonding of textiles

    Chapter 8: Adhesive bonding of textiles: principles, types of adhesive and methods of use


    8.1 Introduction to adhesives in the textile industry

    8.2 Reasons for the success and failure of adhesives

    8.3 Classification of adhesives used in textile applications

    8.4 Bonding processes

    8.5 Trends in adhesive types

    Chapter 9: Adhesive bonding of textiles: applications


    9.1 Introduction: textiles and adhesive joining

    9.2 Adhesives and adhesive applications

    9.3 Properties achieved by adhesive joining

    9.4 Examples of adhesive use

    9.5 Future trends

    9.6 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 10: Bonding requirements in coating and laminating of textiles


    10.1 Introduction

    10.2 Materials and adhesives in coating and laminating

    10.3 Coating process

    10.4 Laminating process

    10.5 Properties and applications of coated and laminated fabrics

    10.6 Conclusion

    Part III: Welding technologies

    Chapter 11: The use of heat sealing, hot air and hot wedge to join textile materials


    11.1 Heat sealing of textiles: introduction

    11.2 Equipment for heat sealing

    11.3 Factors affecting the quality of heat sealing

    11.4 Applications of heat sealing in textiles

    11.5 Hot air wedge and hot wedge welding of textiles: introduction

    11.6 Equipment for hot air/wedge welding

    11.7 Factors affecting the quality of hot air/wedge welding

    11.8 Applications of hot air/wedge welding in textiles

    Chapter 12: Ultrasonic and dielectric welding of textiles


    12.1 Ultrasonic welding: an introduction

    12.2 Equipment for ultrasonic welding

    12.3 Factors affecting the quality of ultrasonic welding

    12.4 Applications of ultrasonic welding in textiles

    12.5 Dielectric welding: an introduction

    12.6 Equipment for dielectric welding

    12.7 Factors affecting the quality of dielectric welding

    12.8 Applications of dielectric welding

    Chapter 13: Laser seaming of fabrics


    13.1 Introduction

    13.2 The laser welding process

    13.3 The main processing parameters in laser welding and their effects

    13.4 Equipment in laser welding

    13.5 Textile materials that can be laser welded

    13.6 Joint designs in laser welding

    13.7 Monitoring and quality control in laser welding

    13.8 Comparison between stitched and laser welded seams

    13.9 Applications of laser welding

    13.10 Future trends

    Chapter 14: Properties and performance of welded or bonded seams


    14.1 Introduction

    14.2 Performance properties of seams

    14.3 Quality evaluation of welded or bonded seams

    14.4 Conclusion

    Part IV: Applications of joining textiles

    Chapter 15: The appearance of seams in non-iron shirts


    15.1 Introduction

    15.2 Wrinkle-free fabrics

    15.3 Non-iron shirts and seam pucker

    15.4 Interlinings as sewing aids

    15.5 The stitching of non-iron shirts

    15.6 Discussion and conclusion

    15.7 Acknowledgements

    15.8 Appendix: key terms and definitions

    Chapter 16: Seams in car seat coverings: properties and performance


    16.1 Introduction

    16.2 Materials and machines for sewing car seat covers

    16.3 Influence of the seam on materials for making car seat covers

    16.4 Seaming problems in car seat covers and their solution

    16.5 Future trends

    16.6 Conclusions

    16.7 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 17: Joining of wearable electronic components


    17.1 Introduction

    17.2 Conducting fibres

    17.3 Conducting yarns

    17.4 Fabrics and composites

    17.5 Connecting technologies

    17.6 Requirements of electronic interconnects

    17.7 Applications

    17.8 Future trends

    17.9 Sources of further information and advice

    17.10 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 18: Joining of technical textiles with stringent seam demands


    18.1 Introduction

    18.2 Joining techniques for textiles with stringent seam demands

    18.3 Applications of stringent seams in technical textiles

    18.4 Future trends

    18.5 Sources of further information and advice

    18.6 Acknowledgement

    Chapter 19: Nonwoven materials and joining techniques


    19.1 Introduction

    19.2 Principles of nonwovens

    19.3 Raw materials

    19.4 Web formation technology

    19.5 Web bonding technology

    19.6 Nonwoven fabric finishing

    19.7 Techniques for joining nonwoven materials

    19.8 Future trends in the nonwoven market

    19.9 Acknowledgements

    Chapter 20: Epilogue: joining textiles


Product details

  • No. of pages: 624
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Woodhead Publishing 2013
  • Published: January 24, 2013
  • Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781845696276
  • eBook ISBN: 9780857093967

About the Editors

I Jones

Ian Jones is Principal Research Engineer at TWI Ltd, UK.

Affiliations and Expertise


G K Stylios

George K. Stylios is Professor of Textiles and Director of RIFleX at Heriot-Watt University, UK.

Affiliations and Expertise

Heriot-Watt University, UK

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