Jekel's Epidemiology, Biostatistics, Preventive Medicine, and Public Health

Jekel's Epidemiology, Biostatistics, Preventive Medicine, and Public Health

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5th Edition - January 15, 2020

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  • Authors: Joann Elmore, Dorothea Wild, Heidi Nelson, David Katz
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323681001
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323642019

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Description

Written by renowned epidemiologists and public health experts, this unique text provides complete, concise coverage of epidemiology, biostatistics, preventive medicine, and public health in clear, easy-to-understand terms. One convenient volume delivers must-know content in four complex areas—information that’s sure to be covered in today’s classrooms and on USMLE exams—presented with a clinical focus and real-life medical examples throughout. Depth of coverage, concise writing style, outstanding online review questions, a clinical emphasis … these features and more make Jekel's your go-to resource for learning, study, and review.

Table of Contents

  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • About the authors
  • Acknowledgments
  • Contributors
  • Preface to the 5th edition
  • SECTION 1. Epidemiology
  • 1.  Basic epidemiologic concepts and principles
  •     1 What is epidemiology?
  •     2 Etiology and natural history of disease
  •     3 Ecologic issues in epidemiology
  •     4 Contributions of epidemiologists
  •     5 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  •     Websites
  • 2.  Epidemiologic data measurements
  •     1 Frequency
  •     2 Risk
  •     3 Rates
  •     4 Special issues on use of rates
  •     5 Commonly used rates that reflect maternal and infant health
  •     6 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  • 3.  Epidemiologic surveillance and epidemic outbreak investigation
  •     1 Surveillance of disease
  •     2 Investigation of epidemics
  •     3 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  •     Websites
  • 4.  The study of risk factors and causation
  •     1 Types of causal relationships
  •     2 Steps in determination of cause and effect
  •     3 Bias in causal research
  •     4 Other common pitfalls in causal research
  •     5 Important reminders about risk factors and disease
  •     6 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  • 5.  Common research designs and issues in epidemiology
  •     1 Functions of research design
  •     2 Types of research design
  •     3 Research issues in epidemiology
  •     4 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  •     Websites
  • 6.  Assessment of risk and benefit in epidemiologic studies
  •     1 Definition of study groups
  •     2 Comparison of risks in different study groups
  •     3 Attributable risk measures
  •     4 Application of risk assessment data to policy analysis
  •     5 Application of risk measures to counseling of patients
  •     6 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  • 7.  Understanding the quality of medical data
  •     1 Goals of data collection and analysis
  •     2 Studying the accuracy and usefulness of medical tests
  •     3 Measuring agreement
  •     4 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select reading
  • SECTION 2. Biostatistics
  • 8.  Describing variation and distribution of data
  •     1 Variation
  •     2 Statistics and variables
  •     3 Frequency distributions
  •     4 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select reading
  • 9.  Testing hypotheses
  •     1 Statistical inference
  •     2 Testing hypotheses
  •     3 Tests of statistical significance
  •     4 Special considerations
  •     5 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  • 10.  Analyzing relationships between two variables
  •     1 Choosing an appropriate statistical test
  •     2 Inferences (parametric analysis) from continuous data
  •     3 Inferences (nonparametric analysis) from ordinal data
  •     4 Inferences (nonparametric analysis) from dichotomous and nominal data
  •     5 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select reading
  • 11.  Analyzing relationships between multiple variables
  •     1 Overview of multivariable statistics
  •     2 Assumptions underlying multivariable methods
  •     3 Procedures for multivariable analysis
  •     4 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select reading
  • 12.  Using statistics to design studies
  •     1 Sample size
  •     2 Randomizing study participants
  •     3 Controlling for the testing of multiple hypotheses
  •     4 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select reading
  • 13.  Using statistics to answer clinical questions
  •     1 Meta-analysis
  •     2 Bayes theorem and predictive values of tests
  •     3 Decision analysis
  •     4 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  • SECTION 3. Preventive Medicine
  • 14.  Introduction to preventive medicine
  •     1 Basic concepts
  •     2 Measures of health status
  •     3 Natural history of disease
  •     4 Levels of prevention
  •     5 Economics of prevention
  •     6 Preventive medicine training
  •     7 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  •     Websites
  • 15.  Methods of primary prevention: Health promotion and disease prevention
  •     1 Society’s contribution to health
  •     2 General health promotion and risk assessment
  •     3 Behavioral factors in health promotion
  •     4 Prevention of disease through specific protection
  •     5 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  •     Websites
  • 16.  Principles and practice of secondary prevention
  •     1 Population screening
  •     2 Individual screening and case finding
  •     3 Screening guidelines and recommendations
  •     4 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  •     Websites
  • 17.  Methods of tertiary prevention
  •     1 Disease, disability, illness, and disease perceptions
  •     2 Opportunities for tertiary prevention
  •     3 Disability limitation
  •     4 Rehabilitation
  •     5 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  •     Websites
  • 18.  Developing recommendations for clinical preventive services
  •     1 United states preventive services task force
  •     2 Evidence review and recommendations
  •     3 Implemntation of recomemndations in clinical practice
  •     4 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  • 19.  Chronic disease prevention
  •     1 Overview of chronic disease
  •     2 Prevention of chronic disease
  •     3 Condition-specific prevention
  •     4 Barriers and opportunities
  •     5 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Websites
  • 20.  Prevention of infectious diseases
  •     1 Overview of infectious disease
  •     2 Public health priorities
  •     3 Emerging threats
  •     4 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  •     Websites
  • 21.  Prevention of mental health and behavior problems
  •     1 Overview
  •     2 Risk and protective factors
  •     3 Prevention
  •     4 Treatment
  •     5 Harm reduction
  •     6 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  • 22.  Occupational medicine and environmental health
  •     1 Physical hazards
  •     2 Chemical hazards
  •     3 Biologic hazards
  •     4 Psychosocial stress
  •     5 Environmental hazards
  •     6 Quantifying exposure
  •     7 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  • 23.  Injury prevention
  •     1 Definitions
  •     2 Burden of injuries
  •     3 The haddon matrix
  •     4 Motor vehicle crashes
  •     5 Firearm injuries
  •     6 Common injuries in the home
  •     7 Surveillance and prevention of injuries
  •     8 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  • SECTION 4. Public Health
  • 24.  Introduction to public health
  •     1 Definitions of public health
  •     2 Assessing the health of a population
  •     3 Data sources in public health
  •     4 Future trends
  •     5 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  •     Websites
  • 25.  The US public health system: Structure and function
  •     1 Administration of US public health
  •     2 Broader definitions of public health policy
  •     3 Intersectoral approach to public health
  •     4 Organizations in preventive medicine and public health
  •     5 Assessment and future trends
  •     6 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  •     Websites
  • 26.  Improving public health in communities
  •     1 Theories of community change
  •     2 Aiming for health equity
  •     3 Steps in developing a health promotion program
  •     4 Future challenges
  •     5 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  •     Websites
  • 27.  Disaster epidemiology and surveillance
  •     1 Overview
  •     2 Definitions and objectives in the study of disasters
  •     3 Purpose of disaster epidemiology
  •     4 Disaster surveillance
  •     5 Role of government agencies and nongovernmental organizations
  •     6 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  • 28.  Health services organization, financing, and quality improvement
  •     1 Organization and structure of the US health system
  •     2 Financing of health care facilties and public health
  •     3 Assessing and measuring organizational performance
  •     4 Quality improvement in health care
  •     5 Strategic planning and leadership in organizations
  •     6 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Selected readings
  •     Websites
  • 29.  Health care organization, policy, and financing
  •     1 Overview
  •     2 Legal framework of health
  •     3 The medical care system
  •     4 Health care institutions
  •     5 Payment for health care
  •     6 Cost containment
  •     7 Summary
  •     Review questions
  •     References
  •     Select readings
  •     Websites
  • 30.  Integrating efforts for clinical care, research, and public health action—one science, one planet, one health
  •     1 Integrating epidemiology, biostatistics, preventive medicine, and public health
  •     2 One health
  •     3 Social determinants of health
  •     4 Lessons from HIV prevention and use of big data going forward
  •     5 Summary
  •     References
  • Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 464
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Elsevier 2020
  • Published: January 15, 2020
  • Imprint: Elsevier
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323681001
  • Paperback ISBN: 9780323642019

About the Authors

Joann Elmore

Affiliations and Expertise

Professor of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA; Adjunct Professor of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine

Dorothea Wild

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Director, Combined Internal Medicine/Preventive Medicine Residency Program, Griffin Hospital, Derby, CT

Heidi Nelson

Affiliations and Expertise

Oregon Health& Science University, United States

David Katz

Affiliations and Expertise

Associate Clinical Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health and Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT; Director, Yale-Griffin Preventive Research Center, Derby, CT

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