Teaching to Individual Differences in Science and Engineering Librarianship - 1st Edition - ISBN: 9780081018811

Teaching to Individual Differences in Science and Engineering Librarianship

1st Edition

Adapting Library Instruction to Learning Styles and Personality Characteristics

Authors: Jeanine Mary Williamson
Paperback ISBN: 9780081018811
Imprint: Chandos Publishing
Published Date: 15th August 2017
Page Count: 188
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Teaching to Individual Differences in Science and Engineering Librarianship: Adapting Library Instruction to Learning Styles and Personality Characteristics applies learning styles and personality characteristics to science and engineering library instruction. After introducing the idea that individuals tend to choose college majors and occupations in alignment with their learning style and personality characteristics, the book presents background on the Kolb Learning Styles model, the 16 PF (Personality Factor) framework, and the Big Five/Narrow Traits personality framework. It then reviews extant knowledge on the learning styles and personality characteristics of scientists, engineers and librarians.

Next, the book considers general approaches to the personalization of instruction to learning styles and personality characteristics, opportunities for such personalization in science and engineering library instruction, and science and engineering librarian attitudes towards, and approaches to, this type of personalization of instruction.

Key Features

  • Considers teaching and individual differences within science and engineering librarianship
  • Offers a balanced and critical account of the adaptation of library instruction to learning styles and personality characteristics
  • Cites the dynamic instruction/adaptive teaching literature
  • Discusses opportunities and suggestions for incorporating personalization into science and engineering library instruction


Academic and research librarians in science and engineering; science and engineering librarians; instruction librarians; liasion librarians; library leaders; library administrators

Table of Contents



  1. Individual Differences
  2. Definitions of Individual Differences

    Importance of Learning Styles and Personality Characteristics

    Learning Styles

    Personality Characteristics

    Alignment Between Learning Styles, Personality, Degrees, and Careers



    Retention in College Major and Personality

    Accentuation of Learning Styles within College Majors

    Choice of Career and Personality Traits

    Changes in Personality Traits

    Changes in Learning Styles in Careers



  3. Learning Styles
  4. Definition of Learning Styles

    Why I Chose the Kolb Model For this Book

    The Kolb Learning Styles Cycle

    Instructional Design Examples Using the Kolb Learning Styles Framework


    Design Courses and Internships

    Specific Engineering Topics



  5. Personality Frameworks
  6. Definition of Personality

    Relationships Between Personality and Teaching and Learning

    Instructor Classroom Behavior

    Course Evaluations

    Student Engagement

    Student Participation

    Student Self-Regulation

    The 16PF and Big Five/Narrow Personality Frameworks

    The 16PF

    The Big Five/Narrow Trait Framework (Personal Style Inventory)



  7. Personality Traits and Learning Styles of Librarians, Scientists, and Engineers
  8. 16PF Results

    Personal Style Inventory

    Kolb Learning Styles

    Connecting with Diverse Audiences

    International Students


    U.S. Racial Groups

    Forming a Connection with a Range of Students



  9. The Matching Approach
  10. The Well-Balanced Approach




    The Stereotypical Profile Approach

    Adapting to Informally Assessed Student Characteristics

    Studies Supporting Matching to Personality Characteristics

    Studies Supporting Matching to Kolb Learning Styles

    Methods of Matching to Individual Characteristics



  11. Reasons for Not Matching Instruction to Individual Differences
  12. Evidence Against Effectiveness of Teaching to Learning Styles

    Challenging the Student to Become More Well-Rounded

    Non-Matching as an Impetus to Improve Teaching

    Subject Matter Characteristics

    Guiding Questions about Matching to Subject Matter

    Learning Styles


    When to Match Instruction to Individual Differences, and When Not To



  13. Results of Survey
  14. Results: Attitudes Towards Personalization

    Unfavorable Responses to Personalization

    Favorable Responses Towards Personalization

    Perceptions of Scientists’, Engineers’ and Librarians’ Characteristics


  15. Applications
  16. Using the Kolb Learning Cycle

    A Learning Cycle Based Lesson Plan

    Planning Instruction that Adapts to Personality Characteristics

    Considerations for Different Kinds of Engineering and Science Classes


    Graduate Classes

    Engineering Design Classes

    Online Instruction



  17. Self-Reflection as a Way of Improving Instruction
  18. Self-Reflection Based on the IPIP-NEO

    Implications for Teaching

    A Case Study



  19. Personality and Competencies for Engineering Students and Information Literacy
  20. ABET Criterion 3

    The ACRL Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education



  21. Conclusion

Practical Considerations

The Future of Adapting To Individual Differences

Personality Traits and Learning Styles as Frameworks for Instruction



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© Chandos Publishing 2018
Chandos Publishing
Paperback ISBN:

About the Author

Jeanine Mary Williamson

Jeanine Mary Williamson is the Engineering Librarian and a Professor at the University of Tennessee Libraries (Knoxville, TN, USA). Jeanine learned a Master of Library Service at the University of Alabama and a PhD in Information Science at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill. She has conducted several research studies of the personality characteristics of librarians and engineers as well as studies in the field of science and engineering librarianship published in Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship

Affiliations and Expertise

Engineering Librarian and Professor, University of Tennessee Libraries, Knoxville, TN, USA