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Iron Ore - 2nd Edition - ISBN: 9780128202265

Iron Ore

2nd Edition

Mineralogy, Processing and Environmental Sustainability

Editor: Liming Lu
Paperback ISBN: 9780128202265
Imprint: Woodhead Publishing
Published Date: 1st November 2021
Page Count: 912
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Table of Contents

1. Introduction: overview of the global iron ore industry
2. Mineralogical, chemical and physical characteristics of iron ore
3. XRD analysis and evaluation of raw and sintered iron ore
4. Automated optical image analysis of natural and sintered iron ore
5. Quantitative analysis of iron ore using SEM-based technologies
6. Characterization of iron ore by visible and infrared reflectance and Raman spectroscopie
7. Extraction techniques of iron ore
8. Comminution and classification technologies of iron ore
9. Physical separation of iron ore: magnetic separation
10. Nonmagnetic physical separation technologies of hematitic/geothitic iron ore including dry separation
11. Physiochemical separation of iron ore
12. Chemical separation of iron ore
13. Thermal beneficiation
14. Application of biotechnology in iron ore beneficiation
15. Iron ore sintering
16. Iron ore pelletization
17. Blast furnace iron making
18. Alternative ironmaking processes
19. Sintering emissions and their mitigation technologie
20. Utilization of biomass as an alternative fuel in ironmaking
21. Life cycle assessment of iron ore mining and processing
22. Sustainable mining
23. Ironmaking in japan - technologies for low grade raw materials, low carbon and environmental solution
24. Low Carbon iron making technologies - an European approach
25. Applications and challenges of biomass materials in iron and steel industry


Iron ore is regarded as the second most important commodity behind oil. As an essential input for the production of crude steel, iron ore feeds the world's largest trillion-dollar-a-year metal market and is the backbone of the global infrastructure. In order to satisfy our growing demand for steel products, world iron ore production has increased drastically since 2000. As a result, traditional high grade iron ore reserves are depleting significantly and many new iron ore deposits of lower grade and more complicated mineralogy are being mined.

Since publication of the first edition these significant market changes and technological developments in the iron ore and steel industries prompted the need for a need edition to be produced to explore these new ore types and the development of more efficient processes/technologies to upgrade and utilise the new ore types while minimising their environmental foot prints. Among the updates to this new edition are the inclusion of all new case studies and technologies; the addition of new chapters on chemical analysis of iron ore; thermal and dry beneficiation of iron ore; and discussions of alternative iron making technologies. Also, information on recycling solid wastes and P-bearing slag generated in the steel mills, sustainable mining, and low emission iron making technologies from regional perspectives, particularly Europe and Japan have been included in Section 4. This work will be a valuable resource for any individuals involved in the iron ore industry.

Key Features

  • Provides an overall view of the entire value chain from iron ore to metal
  • Includes specific information on process/stage/operation in the value chain from iron ore to metal
  • Discusses the challenges and developments as well as future trends in iron ore and steel industries
  • Incorporates new sustainable mining techniques


Industry professionals and academics in the field of iron ore extraction and processing companies, iron making companies; steel processors; academic metallurgists


No. of pages:
© Woodhead Publishing 2021
1st November 2021
Woodhead Publishing
Paperback ISBN:

Ratings and Reviews

About the Editor

Liming Lu

Dr Liming Lu is currently a Senior Principal Scientist leading CSIRO research and development in iron ore agglomeration and high temperature behaviour of resultant agglomerates during the blast furnace and other alternative ironmaking processes. Liming has more than 28 years R and D experience in the characterisation, processing and evaluation of iron ores, metallurgical coals and molten alloys. He has published 10 book chapters and more than 130 papers including 6 invited review. He is a Technical Expert of ISO Technical Committee TC102/SC3, which is reviewing and developing international standards for the physical testing of iron ore. Liming has served as a Key Reader for Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, a member of the Editorial Board for Ironmaking and Steelmaking and a member of the Advisory Board of ISIJ International. Liming was the recipient of Josef S Kapitan Award from American Iron and Steel Society in 2003 and Sawamura Award from the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan in 2018. He was appointed as an Adjunct Professor by Central South University, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Liaoning University of Science and Technology and Shanghai University in China.

Affiliations and Expertise

Senior Principal Scientist, CSIRO, Australia