Ionizing Radiation and Polymers

Ionizing Radiation and Polymers

Principles, Technology, and Applications

1st Edition - November 29, 2012

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  • Author: Jiri George Drobny
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781455778812
  • eBook ISBN: 9781455778829

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Description

Radiation processing is widely employed in plastics engineering to enhance the physical properties of polymers, such as chemical resistance, surface properties, mechanical and thermal properties, particle size reduction, melt properties, material compatibility, fire retardation, etc. Drobny introduces readers to the science of ionizing radiation and its effects on polymers, and explores the technologies available and their current and emerging applications. The resulting book is a valuable guide for a wide range of plastics engineers employing ionizing radiation for polymer treatment in a range of sectors including packaging, aerospace, defense, medical devices and energy applications. Radiation resistant polymers are also explored.

Key Features

  • Unlock the potential of ionizing radiation in applications such as electron-beam curing and laser joining
  • Gain an understanding of the selection and safe use of radiation treatment equipment
  • The only detailed guide to ionizing radiation written for the plastics engineering community

Readership

Engineers working in the plastics processing and packaging industries. Plastics and rubber processing industry and downstream industry sectors using plastics, in particular food packaging, consumer goods, defense, medical devices. Consumer products companies like P&G, Pepsico, etc. and their suppliers / vendors, e.g. DuPont, BASE, Bemis, Amcor, Henkel, etc.

Table of Contents

  • Dedication

    Preface

    Abbreviations

    1. Introduction

    1.1 Radiation Types and Sources

    1.2 Ionizing Radiations

    1.3 Ion Beam Radiation

    1.4 Laser Beam Radiation

    References

    Recommended Further Reading

    2. Fundamentals of Radiation Chemistry and Physics

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 Interaction of High-Energy Electrons with Organic Matter

    References

    Recommended Further Reading

    3. Equipment Used for Radiation Processing of Polymers

    3.1 γ-Ray Irradiation Equipment

    3.2 EB Irradiation Equipment

    3.3 X-Ray Processing Equipment

    3.4 Current Developments in EB Processing Equipment and Technology

    References

    Recommended Further Reading

    4. Electron Beam Processes

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 Methods to Enhance EB Radiation Cross-linking by Prorads

    4.3 Retarders of Radiation Cross-linking

    References

    Recommended Further Reading

    5. Electron Beam Processing of Commercial Polymers, Monomers, and Oligomers

    5.1 Processing of Thermoplastics

    5.2 EB Processing of Elastomers

    5.3 EB Processing of Liquid Systems

    5.4 Grafting and Other Polymer Modifications

    References

    Recommended Further Reading

    6. Industrial Applications of Ionizing Radiation

    6.1 EB Process in Wire and Cable Technology

    6.2 EB Process in Tire Technology

    6.3 EB Process in the Manufacture of Polyolefin Foams

    6.4 EB Process in the Production of Heat-Shrinkable Materials

    6.5 Cross-linked PE Pipes

    6.6 EB Process in Coatings, Adhesives, Paints, and Printing Inks

    6.7 Production of Fluoroadditives

    6.8 Radiation Curing of Polymeric Composites

    6.9 Hydrogels

    6.10 Sterilization of Medical Devices

    6.11 Other Applications for Ionizing Radiation

    References

    Recommended Further Reading

    7. Radiation-Resistant Polymers and Their Applications

    7.1 Degradation and Stability

    7.2 Applications of Radiation-Resistant Polymers

    References

    Recommended Further Reading

    8. Dosimetry and Real-Time Process Monitoring

    8.1 Dosimetry

    8.2 Real-Time Monitors

    References

    Recommended Further Reading

    9. Safety and Hygiene

    9.1 EB Equipment Health and Safety

    9.2 γ-Ray Health and Safety

    9.3 Chemical Hazards

    References

    Recommended Further Reading

    10. Current State of Technology and Trends

    10.1 Current New Developments and Trends in Equipment and Chemistry

    10.2 New Developments and Trends in Process Technology

    10.3 Other New Development and Trends

    References

    Appendix I. Major EB Equipment Manufacturers

    Appendix II. Standards and Specifications Applicable to Ionizing Radiation

    AII.1 ASTM Standards

    AII.2 ISO/ASTM Standards

    AII.3 Other Resources for Dosimetry

    Appendix III. Units of Exposure, Absorbed Dose, and Conversions

    AIII.1 Exposure

    AIII.2 Absorbed Dose

    AIII.3 Equivalent Dose

    Appendix IV. Equation Used

    Appendix V. The 12 Principles of Green Chemistry

    Bibliography

    Glossary

    Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 320
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © William Andrew 2012
  • Published: November 29, 2012
  • Imprint: William Andrew
  • Hardcover ISBN: 9781455778812
  • eBook ISBN: 9781455778829

About the Author

Jiri George Drobny

Jiri G. Drobny is President of Drobny Polymer Associates, and former Adjunct Faculty of Plastics Engineering at the University of Massachusetts, Lowell. Drobny is an active educator, lecturer, writer, and internationally known consultant. His career spans more than 40 years in the rubber and plastic processing industry, mainly in research and development with senior and executive responsibilities.

Affiliations and Expertise

Drobny Polymer Associates, Inc.

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