Ion Exchange

Ion Exchange

Theory and Application

1st Edition - January 1, 1940

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  • Editor: F.C. Nachod
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323151009

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Ion Exchange: Theory and Application focuses on the applications, complexities, and theoretical aspects of ion exchange. This book discusses the kinetics of fixed-bed ion exchange; fundamental properties of ion exchange resins; ion exchange equipment design; and ion exchange in water treatment. The multistage systems in ion exchange; desalting sea water; applications of ion exchange to the separation of inorganic cations; and ion exchange as a tool in analytical chemistry are also elaborated. This text likewise covers the metal concentration and recovery by ion exchange; catalytic application of ion exchangers; and use of ion exchange adsorbents in biochemical and physiological studies. Other topics include the separation of amino acids by ion exchange chromatography; sugar refining and by-product recovery; and ion exchange recovery of alkaloids. This publication is a good reference for chemists and students interested in ion exchange.

Table of Contents

  • Contributors



    Ion Exchange Equilibria

    I. Cation Exchange

    II. Anion Exchange


    The Kinetics of Fixed-Bed Ion Exchange

    I. The Equations of Conservation

    II. Rate Laws for Exchange Processes

    III. Column Performance with Linear Kinetics

    IV. Interpretation of the Rate Constants

    V. Experimental Investigations



    Fundamental Properties of Ion Exchange Resins

    I. Cation Exchange Resins

    II. Anion Exchange Resins


    Ion Exchange Equipment Design

    I. Introduction

    II. The Process

    III. Sweetening Off-Sweetening On

    IV. The Equipment

    V. The Tank

    VI. Distributors-Collectors

    VII. The Supporting Media

    VIII. The External Piping and Valves

    IX. Regenerant Introduction

    X. Regenerant Handling and Preparation

    XI. Rinse and Backwash Controls

    XII. Automatically Operated Units

    XIII. Multiple Unit Plants

    XIV. Miscellaneous Controls and Control Devices

    XV. Regenerant Recovery

    XVI. Noncolumnar Operation


    Ion Exchange in Water Treatment

    I. Introduction

    II. Sources of Water Supplies

    III. Impurities in Water Supplies

    IV. Quality Tolerances of Water

    V. Expression of Analytical Results

    VI. Ion Exchangers Employed in Water Treatment

    VII. Properties of Ion Exchangers for Water Treatment

    VIII. Calcium and Magnesium Removal—Softening

    IX. Iron and Manganese Removal

    X. Removal of Alkalinity by Cation Exchangers

    XI. Total Electrolyte Removal—Demineralization

    XII. Silica Removal

    XIII. Fluoride Removal

    XIV. Ammonia Removal

    XV. Miscellaneous Applications

    XVI. Maintenance of Ion Exchange Beds


    Multistage Systems in Ion Exchange

    I. Introduction

    II. Applications

    III. Notation

    IV. Multistage Process Design and Operation

    V. Radium-Barium Fractionation

    VI. General Process Considerations

    VII. Process Examples


    Desalting Sea Water

    I. Introduction

    II. Sea Water Desalting Process

    III. Preparation of Silver Zeolite


    Applications of Ion Exchange to the Separation of Inorganic Cations

    I. Introductory Remarks

    II. General Principles Involved in Ion Exchange Separations

    III. Separation Schemes

    IV. Concluding Remarks


    Ion Exchange as a Tool in Analytical Chemistry

    I. Biochemical Analysis

    II. Inorganic Qualitative Analysis

    III. Inorganic Quantitative Analysis


    Metal Concentration and Recovery by Ion Exchange

    I. Introduction

    II. Copper

    III. Silver

    IV. Chromium

    V. Molybdenum, Vanadium, and Iron

    VI. Precious Metals — The Platinum Group and Gold

    VII. Magnesium

    VIII. Other Metals

    IX. Separations of Metals

    X. Summary


    Catalytic Application of Ion Exchangers

    I. Introduction

    II. Inorganic Catalysts

    III. Organic Catalysts — Acid Regenerated Cation Exchangers

    IV. Anion Exchangers

    V. Summary


    The Use of Ion Exchange Adsorbents in Biochemical and Physiological Studies

    I. Introduction

    II. Applications to Biochemical Problems

    III. Studies Involving the Use of Exchange Adsorbents in Biological Systems


    The Separation of Amino Acids by Ion Exchange Chromatography

    I. Introduction

    II. Separation of Basic Amino Acids

    III. The Use of Cation-Exchange Resins for the Large Scale Preparation of Basic Amino Acid Concentrates

    IV. Separation of Dicarboxylic Amino Acids

    V. Separation of the Aromatic Amino Acids

    VI. Separation of Neutral Amino Acids

    VII. General Comments


    Sugar Refining and By-Product Recovery

    I. Introduction

    II. Early Work on Ion Exchange

    III. Development of Adsorbents Having Ion Exchange Properties

    IV. The Removal of Electrolytes

    V. Aim of Demineralizing Impure Sugar Solutions

    VI. Method of Applying Ion Exchange

    VII. Sugar Beet Juice

    VIII. Sugar Cane Juice

    IX. Sorgo Juice Demineralization

    X. Low Grade Syrup and Blackstrap Demineralization

    XI. Starch Conversion Liquor Demineralization

    XII. Sugar From Fruit Wastes

    XIII. Ion Exchange Treatment of Miscellaneous Sugars and Related Compounds

    XIV. Pectin Manufacture

    XV. Recovery of Tartaric Acid


    Ion Exchange Recovery of Alkaloids

    I. Conventional Methods of Alkaloid Manufacture

    II. Ion Exchange Processes


    Miscellaneous Applications of Ion Exchange

    I. Introduction

    II. Preparation and Purification of Sols

    III. Milk Treatment

    IV. Refining of Hydrocarbons

    V. Purification of Polyalcohols

    VI. Purification of Formalin

    VII. The Purification of Glucose-1-Phosphate

    VIII. Soilless Growth of Plants Using Ion Exchange Materials

    IX. Modification of Coagulative Properties of Blood for Transfusion Purposes

    X. Purification of Biologically Active Substances

    XI. Treatment of Ulcers

    XII. Recovery and Purification of Vitamin B1



    Author Index

    Subject Index

Product details

  • No. of pages: 424
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Academic Press 1940
  • Published: January 1, 1940
  • Imprint: Academic Press
  • eBook ISBN: 9780323151009

About the Editor

F.C. Nachod

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