Introductory Titrimetric and Gravimetric Analysis

Introductory Titrimetric and Gravimetric Analysis

The Commonwealth and International Library: Chemistry Division

1st Edition - January 1, 1966

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  • Author: Evelyn M. Rattenbury
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483181066

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Introductory Titrimetric and Gravimetric Analysis discusses the different types of titration and the weighing of different solutions in solid form. Coverage is made on acid- base titration, argentometric titrations, and oxidation- reduction titrations. Iodometric titrations and complexometric titrations are also explained. Extensive discussion on each of the titration method, along with some examples and laboratory experiments, is given. The process of weight measurement of damp powder is one example of the experiments. The book is a manual that guides a student to the correct ways of conducting an experiment made on such solutions as sodium hydroxide using hydrochloric acid and oxalic acid. Outcome of such experiments in terms of composition, weight of solutions, and measurement of pressure in certain environment is tabulated and briefly explained. Logarithms and antilogarithms are included at the end of the book. The text will serve as a good laboratory manual for students preparing for science examination as well as for chemists and chemical engineers.

Table of Contents

  • Part 1. Titrimetric Analysis

    1. Introduction and General Principles

    The Preparation of a Standard Solution

    The Titration of Weighed Quantities of Substances


    The Indicator

    Method of Titration Using Two Burettes

    Primary Standard Substances

    Accuracy in Titrimetric Analysis

    Calibration of Titrimetric Apparatus

    The Laboratory Practical Notebook

    Cleanliness and Care of the Burette and Pipette

    2. Acid-Base Titrations

    Choice of Indicator for a Particular Titration

    Table of Some Indicators

    Determination of the Concentration of a Solution of Sodium Hydroxide, Given Oxalic Acid Crystals, with Subsequent Determination of the Concentration of a Solution of Hydrochloric Acid

    Writing-Up of Titrimetric Determinations

    Standardization of a Solution of Sulphuric Acid Using Borax and Subsequent Checking of the Result Using Anhydrous Sodium Carbonate

    Acidic Primary Standards

    Determinations Using Standard Acid or Standard Alkali Solutions

    Suggestions for Variations on Acid-Base Titration Exercises

    3. Argentometric Titrations

    Standardization of Silver Nitrate Solution, Given Sodium Chloride Crystals

    A Method for the Recovery of Silver Nitrate from "Residues"

    Determinations Using Standardized Silver Nitrate Solutions

    Suggestions for Variations on Silver Nitrate Titration Exercises

    4. Oxidation-Reduction Titrations

    Standardization of a Potassium Permanganate Solution Using Ammonium Ferrous Sulphate and Checking the Result with Sodium Oxalate

    Determinations Using Standardized Potassium Permanganate Solutions

    Determinations Using Standard Potassium Dichromate Solutions

    Suggestions for Variations in Potassium Permanganate and Potassium Dichromate Titration Exercises

    5. Iodometric Titrations

    Standardization of a Sodium Thiosulphate Solution, Using Potassium Iodate and Checking the Result with Potassium Dichromate

    Determinations Using Standardized Sodium Thiosulphate Solutions

    Suggestions for Variations in Iodometric Titration Exercises

    6. Complexometric Titrations

    Determinations Using Standard Ethylenediamine-Tetra-Acetic Acid Solutions

    I. Determination of the Concentration of Magnesium Ions in a Solution

    II. Determination of the Concentration of Calcium Ions in a Solution

    III. Determination of the Hardness of Water Samples

    Suggestions for Variations on Ethylenediamine-Tetra-Acetic Acid Titration Exercises

    Part II. Gravimetric Analysis

    7. Introduction and General Principles

    The Physical Properties of the Precipitate

    Contamination of Precipitates

    Precipitation from Homogenous Solution

    Washing Precipitates

    Drying of a Precipitate


    Recording of Results


    8. Selected Gravimetric Determinations

    Determination of Water of Crystallization

    Determination of Iron in Ammonium Iron Alum

    Determination of Lead as Lead Chromate

    Determination of Nickel as Nickel Dimethylglyoxime Complex

    Determination of Aluminum as Aluminum 8-Hydroxyquinolate

    Determination of Chloride as Silver Chloride

    Determination of Sulphate as Barium Sulphate

    Suggestions for Variations on the Described Gravimetric Exercises



    Some Atomic Weights

    Some Primary Standard Substances

    Some Concentrated Reagents




Product details

  • No. of pages: 200
  • Language: English
  • Copyright: © Pergamon 2013
  • Published: January 1, 1966
  • Imprint: Pergamon
  • eBook ISBN: 9781483181066

About the Author

Evelyn M. Rattenbury

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